Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 41-60 of 101 items for:

decision-making x Neurology x Neuroscience x Medicine and Health x clear all

Magnetic brain source imaging of focal epileptic activity: a synopsis of 455 cases

H. Stefan, C. Hummel, G. Scheler, A. Genow, K. Druschky, C. Tilz, M. Kaltenhäuser, R. Hopfengärtner, M. Buchfelder and J. Romstöck.

in Brain

November 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6244 words.

Epilepsy surgery is based upon the minute assessment of brain tissue generating epileptic activity. A number of diagnostic methods are employed in the process of presurgical evaluation,...

Visual cortical activity reflects faster accumulation of information from cortically blind fields

Tim Martin, Anasuya Das and Krystel R. Huxlin.

in Brain

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8901 words.

Brain responses (from functional magnetic resonance imaging) and components of information processing were investigated in nine cortically blind observers performing a global direction...

Neural correlates of self‐reflection

Sterling C. Johnson, Leslie C. Baxter, Lana S. Wilder, James G. Pipe, Joseph E. Heiserman and George P. Prigatano.

in Brain

August 2002; p ublished online August 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 3967 words.

The capacity to reflect on one’s sense of self is an important component of self‐awareness. In this paper, we investigate some of the neurocognitive processes underlying reflection on the...

Ischaemic Stroke in the Young

Edited by Turgut Tatlisumak and Lars Thomassen.

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 320 pages.

Stroke in the young is different, complex, and challenging. This book delivers a comprehensive review of the different aspects of young ischaemic stroke. Incidence, risk factors, and...

Go to »  abstract

A neuropsychological battery to detect specific executive and social cognitive impairments in early frontotemporal dementia

Teresa Torralva, María Roca, Ezequiel Gleichgerrcht, Tristán Bekinschtein and Facundo Manes.

in Brain

May 2009; p ublished online March 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7678 words.

Traditional cognitive tests may not be sensitive for the early detection of executive and social cognitive impairments in the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia. The aim of this...

Verbal memory in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: beyond material specificity

Michael M. Saling.

in Brain

March 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9734 words.

The idea that verbal and non-verbal forms of memory are segregated in their entirety, and localized to the left and right hippocampi, is arguably the most influential concept in the...

Olfactory short‐term memory and related amygdala recordings in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy

Julie Hudry, Fabien Perrin, Philippe Ryvlin, François Mauguière and Jean‐Pierre Royet.

in Brain

August 2003; p ublished online August 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8445 words.

Olfactory short‐term recognition memory was assessed with a delayed odour‐matching task in 38 patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and stereotactic electroencephalography...

Selective right parietal lobe activation during mental rotation

Irina M. Harris, Gary F. Egan, Cynon Sonkkila, Henri J. Tochon-Danguy, George Paxinos and John D. G. Watson.

in Brain

January 2000; p ublished online January 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6421 words.

Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured with PET in seven healthy subjects while they carried out a mental rotation task in which they decided whether alphanumeric characters...

Dopamine and performance in a reinforcement learning task: evidence from Parkinson’s disease

Tamara Shiner, Ben Seymour, Klaus Wunderlich, Ciaran Hill, Kailash P. Bhatia, Peter Dayan and Raymond J. Dolan.

in Brain

June 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9492 words.

The role dopamine plays in decision-making has important theoretical, empirical and clinical implications. Here, we examined its precise contribution by exploiting the lesion deficit model...

Go to »  full text: open access

Neuronal activity correlated with checking behaviour in the subthalamic nucleus of patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder

Pierre Burbaud, Anne-Hélène Clair, Nicolas Langbour, Sara Fernandez-Vidal, Michel Goillandeau, Thomas Michelet, Eric Bardinet, Isabelle Chéreau, Franck Durif, Mircea Polosan, Stephan Chabardès, Denys Fontaine, Marie-Noelle Magnié-Mauro, Jean-Luc Houeto, Benoît Bataille, Bruno Millet, Marc Vérin, Nicolas Baup, Marie-Odile Krebs, Philippe Cornu, Antoine Pelissolo, Christophe Arbus, Marion Simonetta-Moreau, Jérôme Yelnik, Marie-Laure Welter and Luc Mallet.

in Brain

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8458 words.

Doubt, and its behavioural correlate, checking, is a normal phenomenon of human cognition that is dramatically exacerbated in obsessive–compulsive disorder. We recently showed that deep...

Global motion perception deficits in autism are reflected as early as primary visual cortex

Caroline E. Robertson, Cibu Thomas, Dwight J. Kravitz, Gregory L. Wallace, Simon Baron-Cohen, Alex Martin and Chris I. Baker.

in Brain

September 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8043 words.

Individuals with autism are often characterized as ‘seeing the trees, but not the forest’—attuned to individual details in the visual world at the expense of the global percept they...

Impaired filtering of behaviourally irrelevant visual information in dyslexia

Neil W. Roach and John H. Hogben.

in Brain

March 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9883 words.

A recent proposal suggests that dyslexic individuals suffer from attentional deficiencies, which impair the ability to selectively process incoming visual information. To investigate this...

Cognitive motor control in human pre-supplementary motor area studied by subdural recording of discrimination/selection-related potentials

Akio Ikeda, Shogo Yazawa, Takeharu Kunieda, Shinji Ohara, Kiyohito Terada, Nobuhiro Mikuni, Takashi Nagamine, Waro Taki, Jun Kimura and Hiroshi Shibasaki.

in Brain

May 1999; p ublished online May 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 10388 words.

To clarify the functional role of human pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in `cognitive' motor control as compared with other non-primary motor cortices (SMA-proper and lateral premotor...

A study of the performance of patients with frontal lobe lesions in a financial planning task.

V Goel, J Grafman, J Tajik, S Gana and D Danto.

in Brain

October 1997; p ublished online October 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 0 words.

It has long been argued that patients with lesions in the prefrontal cortex have difficulties in decision making and problem solving in real-world, ill-structured situations, particularly...

Cerebellar growth and behavioural & neuropsychological outcome in preterm adolescents

Jennifer Parker, Ann Mitchell, Anastasia Kalpakidou, Muriel Walshe, Hee-Yeon Jung, Chiara Nosarti, Paramala Santosh, Larry Rifkin, John Wyatt, Robin M. Murray and Matthew Allin.

in Brain

May 2008; p ublished online March 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 5327 words.

Adolescence is a time of social and cognitive development associated with changes in brain structure and function. These developmental changes may show an altered path in individuals born...

Self-awareness in neurodegenerative disease relies on neural structures mediating reward-driven attention

Tal Shany-Ur, Nancy Lin, Howard J. Rosen, Marc Sollberger, Bruce L. Miller and Katherine P. Rankin.

in Brain

August 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8747 words.

Accurate self-awareness is essential for adapting one’s tasks and goals to one’s actual abilities. Patients with neurodegenerative diseases, particularly those with right frontal...

Right ventromedial prefrontal lesions result in paradoxical cardiovascular activation with emotional stimuli

Max J. Hilz, Orrin Devinsky, Hanna Szczepanska, Joan C. Borod, Harald Marthol and Marcin Tutaj.

in Brain

P ublished online November 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8793 words.

Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) lesions can alter emotional and autonomic responses. In animals, VMPFC activation results in cardiovascular sympathetic inhibition. In humans, VMPFC...

Age Differences in the Neural Mechanisms of Intertemporal Choice Under Subjective Decision Conflict

Ben Eppinger, Hauke R Heekeren and Shu-Chen Li.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2018; p ublished online September 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8945 words.


Older decision-makers may capitalize on their greater experiences in financial decisions and by this offset decline in cognitive abilities. However,...

Activational and effort-related aspects of motivation: neural mechanisms and implications for psychopathology

John D. Salamone, Samantha E. Yohn, Laura López-Cruz, Noemí San Miguel and Mercè Correa.

in Brain

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neurology; Psychiatry. 18091 words.

Motivation is critical for survival, and involves multiple behavioural functions mediated by a number of interacting neural circuits. Salamone et al. review basic neuroscience research,...

Prestimulus Alpha Power Influences Tactile Temporal Perceptual Discrimination and Confidence in Decisions

Thomas J. Baumgarten, Alfons Schnitzler and Joachim Lange.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2016; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11242 words.

Recent studies have demonstrated that prestimulus alpha-band activity substantially influences perception of near-threshold stimuli. Here, we studied the influence of prestimulus alpha...