Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 41-60 of 108 items for:

decision-making x Biological Sciences x Ecology and Conservation x clear all

Emergence of group rationality from irrational individuals

Takao Sasaki and Stephen C. Pratt.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4648 words.

Evolutionary theory predicts that animal decision makers should be rational, meaning that they consistently choose fitness-maximizing options. Despite this, violations of rationality have...

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The ideal free distribution when the resource is variable

Hiroshi Hakoyama.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5534 words.

On the basis of the ideal free distribution (IFD) model, two stochastic models that incorporate the uncertainty of the information used for decision making were considered to investigate the...

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The logical polyp: assessments and decisions during contests in the beadlet anemone Actinia equina

Fabian S. Rudin and Mark Briffa.

in Behavioral Ecology

November 2011; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5385 words.

Contest behavior, where individuals compete directly against one another for access to limited resources, is widespread across animal taxa. In many cases, contests are settled though the...

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Bumblebees utilize floral cues differently on vertically and horizontally arranged flowers

Stephan Wolf, Mark Roper and Lars Chittka.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7199 words.

Pollinators have the capability of discriminating a wide variety of floral cues in order to identify rewarding flowers. However, little is known about how possible ecological or functional...

The role of beginner’s luck in learning to prefer risky patches by socially foraging house sparrows

Tomer Ilan, Edith Katsnelson, Uzi Motro, Marcus W. Feldman and Arnon Lotem.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7287 words.

Although there has been extensive research on the evolution of individual decision making under risk (when facing variable outcomes), little is known on how the evolution of such...

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Heterospecific information about predation risk influences exploratory behavior

Ping Huang, Kathryn E. Sieving and Colette M. St. Mary.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7939 words.

Use of socially derived information from other species is common in many types of decision making, but particularly in predation avoidance. In communities with diverse prey that share...

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Concurrent effects of sperm competition and female quality on male mate choice in the Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata)

Sarah B. Jeswiet, Stacey S.Y. Lee-Jenkins and Jean-Guy J. Godin.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5476 words.

Males are generally expected to be discriminating in their choice of mates when females vary in quality and when under sperm competition from rival males. However, how sperm competition and...

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Genetic similarity, extrapair paternity, and offspring quality in Savannah sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Corey R. Freeman-Gallant, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, Katherine E. Meiklejohn and Suzanne V. Sollecito.

in Behavioral Ecology

November 2006; p ublished online August 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5127 words.

The occurrence of extrapair paternity (EPP) in birds is often attributed to the action of good-genes sexual selection whereby females “trade up” on male genetic quality by allocating...

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A Coupled Model of Photosynthesis, Stomatal Conductance and Transpiration for a Rose Leaf (Rosa hybrida L.)

SOO‐HYUNG KIM and J. HEINRICH LIETH.

in Annals of Botany

June 2003; p ublished online June 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6419 words.

The following three models were combined to predict simultaneously photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration and leaf temperature of a rose leaf: the biochemical model of...

The responses of prey fish to temporal variation in predation risk: sensory habituation or risk assessment?

Maud C.O. Ferrari, Chris K. Elvidge, Christopher D. Jackson, Douglas P. Chivers and Grant E. Brown.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 3756 words.

Predation is an important selection pressure acting on prey behavior. Although numerous studies have shown that when predation risk is high, prey tend to increase vigilance and reduce...

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Complexity and behavioral ecology

Jack W. Bradbury and Sandra L. Vehrencamp.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7618 words.

Reductionism, the practice of predicting large system properties by adding up the measured behaviors of components, has had a long and successful run in recent science. However, in the last...

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Generalization in mate-choice copying in humans

Robert I. Bowers, Skyler S. Place, Peter M. Todd, Lars Penke and Jens B. Asendorpf.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 10850 words.

There is much evidence that humans, as other species, are affected by social information when making mate-choice decisions. Witnessing a rival show interest in a member of the opposite sex...

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Exploration of environmental changes relates to lifestyle

Claudia Mettke-Hofmann, Michael Wink, Hans Winkler and Bernd Leisler.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2005; p ublished online August 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6164 words.

Decision making in informed animals is often described by optimality models. However, how information about an environment is acquired is rarely investigated. Cost/benefit considerations...

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Individual personality traits influence group exploration in a feral guppy population

Culum Brown and Eleanor Irving.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5815 words.

We examined whether variation in group exploratory behavior was linked with variation in personality traits (boldness, activity, and sociability) in a population of feral guppies (Poecilia...

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Replacing underperforming nature reserves

Richard A. Fuller and James E. M. Watson.

in Effective Conservation Science

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 2701 words.

This chapter discusses a radical solution to the problem that many protected areas are not in the right places to achieve maximum conservation benefit. The radical solution involves...

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A High Throughput Screening System for Determining the Three Actions of Insecticides Against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Populations in Thailand

in Journal of Medical Entomology

September 2010; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology; Entomology. 4188 words.

Chemicals can protect humans from the bites of hemophagous arthropods through three different primary actions: irritancy (excitation), repellency, or toxicity, actions that can be evaluated...

Farming for the future

Hanna L. Tuomisto, Ian D. Hodge, Philip Riordan and David W. Macdonald.

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9318 words.

This chapter compares environmental impacts of organic, conventional, and integrated farming systems. The first part present results of a meta-analysis comparing environmental impacts of...

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Collective choice of a higher-protein food source by gregarious caterpillars occurs through differences in exploration

Melanie McClure, Lisanne Morcos and Emma Despland.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2013; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5047 words.

Amplification, whereby an individual’s probability of exhibiting a particular behavior increases with the number of conspecifics already performing this behavior, enhances the accuracy and...

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In a green frame of mind: perspectives on the behavioural ecology and cognitive nature of plants

Monica Gagliano.

in AoB PLANTS

P ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Plant Evolution; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4901 words.

It is increasingly recognized that plants are highly sensitive organisms that perceive, assess, learn, remember, resolve problems, make decisions and communicate with each other by actively...

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Food quality affects search strategy in the acellular slime mould, Physarum polycephalum

Tanya Latty and Madeleine Beekman.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5671 words.

When searching for resources, organisms can increase the efficiency of search and exploitation behavior by using information about the quality of a current resource patch in their decision...

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