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Red Cross

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 139 words.

International agency concerned with the alleviation of human suffering. Its founder, the Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant (1828–1910), horrified

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Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 108 words.

(1610–77)

Governor of Cape Town (1652–62) and the founder of European settlement in South Africa. He

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Locke, John (1632–1704)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 107 words.

(1632–1704)

English philosopher, a founder of empiricism and political liberalism. Both his major works were published in

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Lowell, Francis Cabot (1775–1817)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 73 words.

(1775–1817)

Founder of the US cotton industry. A Boston merchant, in 1814 he established the first US factory

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Loyola, Ignatius, St (1491–1556)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 185 words.

(1491–1556)

Spanish ecclesiastical reformer, founder and first general of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits). Born into

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Luba

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 148 words.

A Bantu kingdom founded c.1500, lying north of Lake Kisale in the Republic of Congo. The founders, the

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Marat, Jean Paul (1743–93)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 86 words.

(1743–93)

French revolutionary and journalist. The founder of a radical newspaper, he became prominent during the French

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Marx, Karl (1818–83)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 86 words.

(1818–83)

German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849. The founder of modern communism,

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Minamoto Yoritomo (1147–99)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 195 words.

(1147–99)

Japanese general, founder of the Kamakura shogunate. His family, like their rivals, the Taira, had

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Sonni Ali (1492)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 84 words.

(died 1492)

Ruler of Songhay from 1464 or 1465, and the real founder of the Songhay empire. He

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Sukarno, Achmad (1901–70)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 78 words.

(1901–70)

Indonesian statesman, President (1945–67). One of the founders of the Indonesian National Party (1927

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Sundjata Keita

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 86 words.

Founder and ruler of the Mali empire (c. 1235–55) in west Africa. He was sickly as a child,

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Tokugawa

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 130 words.

The last Japanese shogunate (1603–1867). Tokugawa Ieyasu, its founder, ensured supremacy by imposing severe restrictions on the

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Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542–1616)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 72 words.

(1542–1616)

The founder of the Tokugawa shogunate. His base was Edo (now Tokyo). In 1600, at Sekigahara,

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Genghis Khan (1162–1227)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 79 words.

(1162–1227)

The founder of the Mongol empire. Originally named Temujin, he took the name Genghis Khan (‘ruler of

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Gobineau, Joseph Arthur, Comte de (1816–82)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 76 words.

(1816–82)

French diplomat and scholar, the intellectual founder of racism. His most famous book, Essay on the

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Gottwald, Klement (1896–1953)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 107 words.

(1896–1953)

Czechoslovak politician. He was a founder-member of the Czechoslovak Communist Party in 1921, becoming General

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Gustavus I (Vasa) (1496–1560)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 101 words.

(1496–1560)

King of Sweden (1523–60) and founder of the Vasa dynasty. He fought against the Danes

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Moi, Daniel arap (1924– )

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 43 words.

(1924– )

Kenyan statesman, President of Kenya (1978–2002). Originally a teacher, Moi was a founder of the

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Muhammad (c. 570–632)

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 189 words.

(c. 570–632)

Arab prophet and founder of Islam. He was born in Mecca, where in c.610 he

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