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Rylands [née Tennant], Enriqueta Augustina (1843–1908), founder of the John Rylands Library, Manchester

D. A. Farnie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education. 1642 words.

Rylands [née Tennant], Enriqueta Augustina (1843–1908), founder of the John Rylands Library, Manchester, was born on 31 May 1843 in Havana, Cuba, one of the five children of Stephen Cattley...

Kerr [née Newland], Antonella Reuss [Tony], marchioness of Lothian (1922–2007), journalist and charity founder

Jane Reed.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Journalism. 1368 words.

Kerr [née Newland], Antonella Reuss [Tony], marchioness of Lothian (1922–2007), journalist and charity founder, was born in Rome on 22 May 1922, the only child of Major-General Sir Foster...

Torrie [née Dighton], (Ellen) Margaret (1912–1999), social worker and charity founder

Anne Pimlott Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Social Work. 1080 words.

Torrie [née Dighton], (Ellen) Margaret (1912–1999), social worker and charity founder, was born on 17 March 1912 at 61 Melrose Avenue, Wimbledon, London, the daughter of Ernest John...

Hunt, Henry George Bonavia (1847–1917), founder of Trinity College of Music, London

Bernarr Rainbow.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 615 words.

Hunt, Henry George Bonavia (1847–1917), founder of Trinity College of Music, London, was born on 30 June 1847 in Valletta, Malta, the eldest surviving son of William Hunt, former private...

Morden, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1623, d. 1708), founder of Morden College, Blackheath

Geoffrey L. Hudson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 868 words.

Morden, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1623, d. 1708), founder of Morden College, Blackheath, son of George Morden (d. 1624), stocking seller and freeman of the Goldsmiths' Company, and Martha...

Jones, Sir Pendrill Charles Varrier- (1883–1941), physician and founder of Papworth village settlement

Linda Bryder.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1052 words.

Jones, Sir Pendrill Charles Varrier- (1883–1941), physician and founder of Papworth village settlement, was born at Glyn Taff House, Troedyrhiw, Glamorgan, on 24 February 1883, the only son...

Eglesfield [Egilsfeld], Robert [Robert de Eglesfeld] (c. 1295–1349), founder of Queen's College, Oxford

J. M. Kaye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 963 words.

Eglesfield [Egilsfeld], Robert [Robert de Eglesfeld] (c. 1295–1349), founder of Queen's College, Oxford, was the third son of John of Eglesfield and Beatrix, his wife, John having been the...

Wadham [née Petre], Dorothy (1534/5–1618), founder of Wadham College, Oxford

C. S. L. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1195 words.

Wadham [née Petre], Dorothy (1534/5–1618), founder of Wadham College, Oxford, was the second and eldest surviving child of Sir William Petre (1505/6–1572), then a civil and canon lawyer in...

Badew, Richard (d. 1361), university principal and founder of University Hall, Cambridge

Alan B. Cobban.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 818 words.

Badew, Richard (d. 1361), university principal and founder of University Hall, Cambridge, was born, towards the close of the thirteenth century, into an established knightly family which...

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 887 words.

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples, was born on 8 October 1882 at 8 Rum Lane, in Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest of six children of...

Lucas, Henry (bap. 1587, d. 1663), founder of the Lucasian professorship of mathematics at Cambridge University

John Martin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1090 words.

Lucas, Henry (bap. 1587, d. 1663), founder of the Lucasian professorship of mathematics at Cambridge University, the son of Edward Lucas (bap. 1566, d. 1601) of Thriplow, Cambridgeshire,...

Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement

Barbara Monroe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 2848 words.

Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement, was born on 22 June 1918 at Linden Lodge, Bedford Avenue, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the...

Harrison (née Warren), (Valerie) Margaret (1938–2015), family welfare campaigner and charity founder

Terry Philpot.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Society and Culture. 1113 words.

Harrison (née Warren), (Valerie) Margaret (1938–2015), family welfare campaigner and charity founder, was born on 1 April 1938 in Stuttgart, Germany, the older of two daughters of...

Alleyn, Edward (1566–1626), actor, theatre entrepreneur, and founder of Dulwich College

S. P. Cerasano.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Theatre; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3472 words.

Alleyn, Edward (1566–1626), actor, theatre entrepreneur, and founder of Dulwich College, was born on 1 September 1566 in the London parish of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, 'near...

Saxl, Friedrich [Fritz] (1890–1948), art historian and a founder of the Warburg Institute, London

Gertrud Bing.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Art Education. 1138 words.

Saxl, Friedrich [Fritz] (1890–1948), art historian and a founder of the Warburg Institute, London, was born in Vienna, on 8 January 1890, the son of Ignaz Saxl, a distinguished lawyer who...

Kynaston, Sir Francis (1586/7–1642), writer and founder of an academy of learning

R. Malcolm Smuts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literature. 1117 words.

Kynaston, Sir Francis (1586/7–1642), writer and founder of an academy of learning, was born in Oteley, Shropshire, the eldest son of Sir Edward Kynaston (d. after 1638), gentleman, and his...

Kidd, Ronald Hubert (1889–1942), founder of the National Council for Civil Liberties

Mark Pottle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1471 words.

Kidd, Ronald Hubert (1889–1942), founder of the National Council for Civil Liberties, was born at 6 Montpelier Row, Blackheath, London, on 11 July 1889, the son of Leonard Joseph Kidd...

Fogerty, Elsie (1865–1945), founder and principal of the Central School of Speech and Drama

Michael Sanderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Theatre. 999 words.

Fogerty, Elsie (1865–1945), founder and principal of the Central School of Speech and Drama, was born at Sydenham, London, on 16 December 1865, the daughter of Joseph Fogerty (d. 1899),...

Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London

Lindsay Granshaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 1352 words.

Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London, was born on 11 April 1796 in Bath, the son of Henry Salmon (1754/5–1827), attorney, and his wife,...

Smith, Sir William Alexander (1854–1914), founder of the Boys' Brigade and businessman

John Springhall.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 684 words.

Smith, Sir William Alexander (1854–1914), founder of the Boys' Brigade and businessman, was born on 27 October 1854 at Pennyland House, near Thurso, Caithness, the eldest in the family of...