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Francis of Assisi, Saint (1182–1226)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 113 words.

Italian founder of the Franciscans, b. Giovanni di Bernardone. The son of a wealthy merchant in Assisi, Francis renounced

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Girl Guides

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 31 words.

Organization for girls founded (1910) in England by Agnes Baden-Powell, sister of Lord Baden-Powell, founder of

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Giulio Romano (1492–1546)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 52 words.

One of the founders of mannerism, he was the chief assistant to Raphael in his youth. His later work

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Husserl, Edmund (1859–1938)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 38 words.

founder of phenomenology. He studied man's consciousness as it related to objects and the structure of experience. His works

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Ignatius of Loyola, Saint (1491–1556)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 78 words.

churchman and founder of the Jesuits. In 1534, with Francis Xavier and other young men, he made vows

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Cuvier, Georges, Baron (1769–1832)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 56 words.

a founder of comparative anatomy and palaeontology. His scheme of classification stressed the form of organs and their correlation within

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Cyrus the Great (c.590–529 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 88 words.

King of Persia, founder of the Achaemenid Empire in Persia. He overthrew the Medes, then rulers of Persia, In 549

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Davy, Sir Humphry (1778–1829)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 71 words.

a founder of electrochemistry. He was invited to join the Royal Institution after discovering the anaesthetic nitrous oxide (laughing

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Delaunay-Terk, Sonia (1885–1979)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 40 words.

Co-founder (with her husband Robert Delaunay) of orphism. Among her most notable works are the lyrical Simultaneous Contrasts

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Dido

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 47 words.

In Greek and Roman legend, Phoenician princess and founder of Carthage. Carthage prospered and Dido's hand was sought by

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Dominic, Saint (1170–1221)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 58 words.

founder of the Dominicans. In 1203, Pope Innocent III sent him to s France to preach to the

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Du Pont de Nemours, Eleuthère Irénée (1771–1834)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 67 words.

Founder of a huge chemical company and family business empire. He came to the USA in 1799 with his father,

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Browne, Robert (c.1550–1633)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 48 words.

founder of the “Brownists”, a separatist religious sect. In Reformation without Tarrying for Any (1582), he presented the

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Gustavus I (1496–1560)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 57 words.

King of Sweden (1523–60) and founder of the Vasa dynasty. He led a victorious rebellion against the invading

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Booth, William (1829–1912)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 71 words.

founder and first general of the Salvation Army. A Methodist revivalist, he preached regularly at the Methodist New Connection

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Strasberg, Lee (1901–82)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 64 words.

One of the founders of the Group Theatre (1931), he began teaching a ‘method’ approach, based on the

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Constantine I (285–337)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 116 words.

Roman Emperor (306–37) and founder of the Christian empire. A series of feuds for control of Italy ended

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Young, Brigham (1801–77)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 78 words.

founder of Salt Lake City. An early convert to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons

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Zoroaster (c.628–c.551 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 106 words.

Ancient Persian (Iranian) religious reformer and founder of Zoroastrianism. At the age of 30, he saw the divine being

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Chandragupta

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 66 words.

Founder of the Maurya Empire in India (r. c.321–297 bc) and grandfather of Ashoka. He seized the

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