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pacifism

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 59 words.

Philosophy opposing the use of war or violence as a means of settling disputes. Elements can be found in ancient

Pacifism in the Peace Movement

Lonnie Valentine.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 2049 words.

Pacifism, understood to be the absolute refusal to participate in war under any circumstances and the rejection of other political

Varieties of Contingent Pacifism in War

Saba Bazargan.

in How We Fight

April 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 7770 words.

The destruction wrought by even just wars lends undeniable appeal to radical pacifism, according to which all wars are unjust. Yet radical pacifism is fundamentally flawed. In the past...

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. The Origins of the New Pacifism

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 5552 words.

Having reached a pinnacle, old-style pacifism spiralled and retreated into a defence of justice and law as opposed to peace — a retreat which coincided and was largely shaped by the Nazi...

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. Feminist Pacifism and the LIFPL

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 16094 words.

French women's opposition to the Great War was seen insignificant at the time and was often dismissed. In a culture that strongly enforces gender differences, gender inequality, and...

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Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain

Heloise Brown.

in ‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’

December 2003; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. 5326 words.

This chapter identifies the diverse strands of feminist thought that began, by the turn of the century, to make use of pacifist discourses. In 1870, the outbreak of war between France and...

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Peace through Justice, or the Old Pacifism Defined

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 9375 words.

Pacifism was not born in France after the Great War, rather it has a long and respectable history in the chronicles of 19th and 20th century France. The earliest French peace society dates...

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Pacifism and rescue: the case of Lionel Cowan

Bill Williams.

in Jews and Other Foreigners

September 2011; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 7889 words.

A leading Manchester proponent of pacifism was Lionel Cowan, a Manchester Jew who in 1929 was converted to the cause at a meeting he attended at the Friends Meeting House in Mount Street on...

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The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

James Pattison.

in The Alternatives to War

June 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Theory. 8138 words.

This chapter delineates the theoretical and practical implications of the preceding analysis. It first summarizes the case for each of the alternatives in turn, before considering the...

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Patriotism, propaganda and pacifism, 1914–1918

Andrew Frayn.

in Writing disenchantment

September 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literature. 14032 words.

Chapter 1 examines wartime dissent from patriotic ideals, and the wars in which that disenchantment was officially and tacitly circumscribed. Propaganda posters and treatises are analysed...

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nuclear pacifism

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

The belief that a war involving nuclear weapons is not a winnable or “just” war, and is unjustifiable because of its uniquely devastating consequences.

See overview in Oxford Index

Pacifism, Critical

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

All pacifists are critical of the use of violence. Most pacifists reject all violence as morally wrong both in their personal life and in social, national, and international affairs. They...

See overview in Oxford Index

Strategic Pacifism

in Refugees, Women, and Weapons

July 2009; p ublished online June 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 11961 words.

This chapter examines Japan's adoption of and compliance with the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their...

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nuclear pacifism

in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

January 2001; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 26 words.

the belief that a war involving nuclear weapons is not a winnable or “just” war, and is unjustifiable because of

Pacifism, Critical

Robert Woito.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 3645 words.

All pacifists are critical of the use of violence. Most pacifists reject all violence as morally wrong both in their

“beauty, simplicity and peace”: Faithful Pacifism, Activist Writing, and The Years

Charles Andrews.

in Virginia Woolf: Writing the World

September 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards). 3564 words.

This essay discusses how Woolf’s pacifism is a deeply-held conviction that remained intact even when its supposed “effectiveness” had been debunked. Pacifism animates much of Woolf’s...

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Pacifism, Human Development, and Informational Development: The Costa Rican Model

Isidora Chacón.

in Reconceptualizing Development in the Global Information Age

August 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Knowledge Management. 10832 words.

The Costa Rican model of development is based on the interaction between, on one hand, economic growth, led by high added value exports, such as micro-electronics, organic agriculture and...

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Where do norms come from? Foundations of Japan's postwar pacifism1

Akitoshi Miyashita.

in International Relations of the Asia-Pacific

January 2007; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Relations; East Asian Studies. 8514 words.

Constructivists have advanced the study of Japanese national security policy by illuminating how normative factors shape state behavior. At the same time, they have overemphasized the role...

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‘Conspicuous’ philanthropists:1 nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism

Heloise Brown.

in ‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’

December 2003; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. 6725 words.

The role of nonconformist religion in the early feminist movement is widely acknowledged. From the Unitarian Caroline Ashurst Biggs, to the Quaker Priestman and Bright family networks,...

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International Relations studies and theories in Japan: a trajectory shaped by war, pacifism, and globalization

Kazuya Yamamoto.

in International Relations of the Asia-Pacific

May 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Relations; East Asian Studies. 6458 words.

A common view of Japan's International Relations (IR) studies in the post-World War II period is that they are characterized by pacifism and historical approaches. This paper argues that...

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