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vernal equinox

Chris Park.

in A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science). 26 words.

The equinox at which the sun approaches the northern hemisphere and passes directly over the equator, which occurs around

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vernal equinox

Chris Park and Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science). 42 words.

The *equinox at which the sun crosses the equator, entering the hemisphere where it will then be spring. This

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vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Robert J. Barry and Alastair K. Denniston.

in A Dictionary of Ophthalmology

P ublished online March 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ophthalmology. 57 words.

An uncommon form of severe allergic eye disease seen in children and young adults. It tends to be seasonal, occurring

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vernal conjunctivitis

in Concise Medical Dictionary

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 16 words.

*conjunctivitis of allergic origin, often associated with hay fever or other forms of *atopy.

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vernal conjunctivitis

Edited by Elizabeth Martin.

in Concise Medical Dictionary

January 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 18 words.

*conjunctivitis of allergic origin, often associated with hay fever or other forms of *atopy.

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Bagneris, Vernal

Howard Rye.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2002; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Jazz; Contemporary Music. 384 words.

(b New Orleans, July 31, 1949). American singer and dancer. He majored in theater studies at Xavier University and then studied drama in Europe. On his return to New Orleans he...

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vernal equinox

Elizabeth Martin.

in The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 10 words.

Astron.

Former name for dynamic equinox. See equinox.

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FLC or not FLC: the other side of vernalization

Cristina Madeira Alexandre and Lars Hennig.

in Journal of Experimental Botany

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5340 words.

Vernalization is the promotion of the competence for flowering by long periods of low temperatures such as those typically experienced during winters. In Arabidopsis, the vernalization...

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Temperature Response of Vernalization in Wheat: A Developmental Analysis

IAN R. BROOKING.

in Annals of Botany

October 1996; p ublished online October 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 0 words.

The vernalization response of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) was reinterpreted from a developmental perspective, using current concepts of the developmental regulation of wheat morphology and...

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Ecological Genetics of Vernalization Response in Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae)

SUSAN E. MEYER, DAVID L. NELSON and STEPHANIE L. CARLSON.

in Annals of Botany

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6120 words.

Background and Aims Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass or downy brome) is an exotic annual grass that is dominant over large areas of former shrubland in western North America. To...

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Relationships among Vernalization, Shoot Apex Development and Frost Tolerance in Wheat

ILJA TOM PRÁŠIL, PAVLA PRÁŠILOVÁ and KATEŘINA PÁNKOVÁ.

in Annals of Botany

September 2004; p ublished online July 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4217 words.

Background and Aims Frost tolerance of wheat depends primarily upon a strong vernalization requirement, delaying the transition to the reproductive phase. The aim of the present study was...

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The Vernalization Pathway of Floral Induction and the Role of Gibberellin

Beverley J. Glover.

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering

October 2007; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4128 words.

Temperature, and particularly vernalization, exposure to a prolonged period of cold, is used by plants to regulate the onset of flowering. This is a sensible adaptation of plants in...

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The vernalization pathway of floral induction and the role of gibberellin

Beverley Glover.

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering Second Edition

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4439 words.

Day length is not the only environmental signal used by plants to optimize the timing of flower production. Temperature is also a factor, and particularly vernalization, exposure to a...

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The quantitative response of wheat vernalization to environmental variables indicates that vernalization is not a response to cold temperature

Vincent Allard, Ottó Veisz, Béla Kõszegi, Michel Rousset, Jacques Le Gouis and Pierre Martre.

in Journal of Experimental Botany

January 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5993 words.

The initiation of flowering is a crucial trait that allows temperate plants to flower in the favourable conditions of spring. The timing of flowering initiation is governed by two main...

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The CArG-Box Located Upstream from the Transcriptional Start of Wheat Vernalization Gene VRN1 Is Not Necessary for the Vernalization Response

Bárbara Pidal, Liuling Yan, Daolin Fu, Fengqiu Zhang, Gabriela Tranquilli and Jorge Dubcovsky.

in Journal of Heredity

January 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 6810 words.

In diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum), and likely in other Triticeae species, the VRN1 gene is essential for the initiation of the reproductive phase, and therefore, a detailed...

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Temperature Response of Vernalization in Wheat: Modelling the Effect on the Final Number of Mainstem Leaves

M. J. ROBERTSON, I. R. BROOKING and J. T. RITCHIE.

in Annals of Botany

September 1996; p ublished online September 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 70 words.

This paper outlines a modelling approach which predicts the effect of both continuous and intermittent low temperature regimes on the final number of leaves in winter wheat. The model takes...

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Simulating the Influence of Vernalization, Photoperiod and Optimum Temperature on Wheat Developmental Rates

Gregory S. McMaster, Jeffrey W. White, L. A. Hunt, P. D. Jamieson, S. S. Dhillon and J. I. Ortiz-Monasterio.

in Annals of Botany

October 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5495 words.

Background and Aims

Accurately representing development is essential for applying crop simulations to investigate the effects of climate, genotypes or crop...

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Vernalization response of Phleum pratense and its relationships to stem lignification and floral transition

Mervi M. Seppänen, Kirsi Pakarinen, Venla Jokela, Jeppe R. Andersen, Alice Fiil, Arja Santanen and Perttu Virkajärvi.

in Annals of Botany

November 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6640 words.

Background

Timothy is a long-day grass species well adapted for cultivation in northern latitudes. It produces elongating tillers not only in spring growth...

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Characterization of the Vernalization Response in Lolium perenne by a cDNA Microarray Approach

Stefano Ciannamea, Jacqueline Busscher-Lange, Stefan de Folter, Gerco C. Angenent and Richard G. H. Immink.

in Plant and Cell Physiology

April 2006; p ublished online April 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry; Molecular and Cell Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7772 words.

Many plant species including temperate grasses require vernalization in order to flower. Vernalization is the process of promotion of flowering after exposure to prolonged periods of cold....

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Photoperiod and Vernalization Responses in Triticum turgidum × T. tauschii Synthetic Hexaploid Wheats

N. N. Gororo, R. G. Flood, R. F. Eastwood and H. A. Eagles.

in Annals of Botany

November 2001; p ublished online November 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 10 words.

Studies of synthetic hexaploid wheat developed from Triticum turgidum(AABB genomes) and T. tauschii(DD genome) can provide information on potentially useful characters in T. tauschii and/or null...

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