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Saccadic decision-making

Casimir J.H. Ludwig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

August 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 7897 words.

The generation of a saccade may be considered the outcome of some decision-making process. Functional models of saccadic decision-making are based on the accumulation of sensory evidence in...

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Decision-making mechanisms

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 48038 words.

The brain mechanisms involved in reward-related and other decision–making in the brain are described. The attractor network mechanism described has randomness or noise that makes the...

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Wendy Johnston.

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

March 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 4566 words.

Decision-making in ALS is concerned with life- and health-related goals and may not simply relate to end of life. Personal, cultural, spiritual, and family influences are factors. Informed...

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Group Decision-Making

R. Scott Tindale and Jeremy R. Winget.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Social Psychology. 11685 words.

Group decisions are ubiquitous in everyday life. Even when decisions are made individually, decision-makers often receive advice or suggestions from others. Thus, decisions are often social...

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household decision-making

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A model of collective decision-making on consumption and labour supply inside a household in which a sharing rule specifies how the collective budget is distributed among the household...

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Genetics of decision-making

Joshua C Gray, Sandra Sanchez-Roige, Abraham A Palmer, Harriet de Wit and James MacKillop.

in Genes, brain, and emotions

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Disorders of the Nervous System. 7609 words.

Persistent maladaptive decision-making is central to several psychiatric conditions, particularly addiction. Decision-making measures may serve as promising intermediate phenotypes (i.e....

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Experience and Decision Making

D. Christopher Kayes.

in Organizational Resilience

April 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Psychology. 4631 words.

As experts continue to analyze the largest bankruptcy in history, that of Lehman Brothers, many stand perplexed. How could an organization with the most advanced compensation systems,...

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Teaching Decision Making

Gerald F. Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Decision Making

March 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Business Strategy. 7564 words.

Management educators base their efforts to teach decision making on two arguments: normative and descriptive. The normative argument holds that there are universal principles of rational...

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Neuroethology of Decision Making

Daeyeol Lee.

in Primate Neuroethology

January 2010; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuropsychology. 9643 words.

This chapter reviews the neuroethology of decision making in primates. It argues that primates evolved more complex decision-making circuits to deal with the increasing complexities...

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Judicial Decision-Making

Doron Teichman and Eyal Zamir.

in The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law

November 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Microeconomics; Industry Studies. 18306 words.

This chapter critically reviews the behavioral literature on judicial decision-making. Among other things, it presents general theories of judicial decision-making, such as the story model...

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incremental decision-making

Emma Jeanes.

in A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

P ublished online January 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 117 words.

A perspective on decision-making that argues our decisions are based on trial and error or ‘muddling through’. According to Charles Lindblom, successive limited comparisons are better than...

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Patient Decision Making

Jeffrey K. Belkora.

in Public Health

P ublished online March 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 7166 words.

Patients historically deferred to physicians in a health crisis, even after Western civilization embraced individual autonomy and the right to self-determination in other, nonmedical areas...

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Youssef Cassis.

in Big Business

July 1999; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 13819 words.

Examines the process of decision‐making. Though much of this process remains enshrined in secrecy, four structural factors affecting it can be analysed and compared: the functioning of...

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Ethical Decision Making

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik.

in Responsible Conduct of Research

February 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 11978 words.

Ethics is an academic discipline that is concerned with answering age-old questions about duty, honor, integrity, virtue, justice, and the good life, Philosophers, theologians, and other...

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rational decision-making

Emma Jeanes.

in A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

P ublished online January 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 167 words.

The process for making logical, well-reasoned decisions. It is an ordered *decision-making process that requires the detailed definition of a problem, the generation and evaluation of all...

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Capacity and Decision-Making

Eitan Kimchi.

in Cognitive Impairment and Depression in Older Patients

August 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Old Age Psychiatry. 10211 words.

Cognitive loss brings up crucial questions of autonomy and capacity to make one’s decisions. Capacity refers to an assessment of whether a person can make a particular medical, legal, or...

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Making risk decisions

in Risk

May 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Business and Management; Economics; Research and Information. 6557 words.

‘Making risk decisions’ explores how people make choices about risk. Utility theory provides one simple way to make these choices. It involves ranking potential choices and using a set of...

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Edmund T. Rolls.

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making

August 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14274 words.

This chapter looks at selection of mainly autonomic responses and their classical conditioning. Selection of approach or withdrawal, and their classical conditioning are also mentioned. It...

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The Decision-Making Process

Charles D. Freilich.

in Zion's Dilemmas

September 2012; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 21524 words.

This chapter examines how Israel's national security decision-making system actually works in practice. It considers five pathologies caused by Israel's uniquely harsh external environment,...

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Release Decision-Making

Kirk Heilbrun, David DeMatteo, Stephanie Brooks Holliday and Casey LaDuke.

in Forensic Mental Health Assessment

July 2014; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Psychology; Clinical Forensic and Law Psychology. 27174 words.

The release decision-making process as it relates to the adult criminal justice system is the focus of the two reports in this chapter. In both of these cases, the evaluees had previously...

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