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Oliver, Percy Lane (1878–1944), founder of the first voluntary blood donor service

J. M. Stanton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health. 1129 words.

Oliver, Percy Lane (1878–1944), founder of the first voluntary blood donor service, was born on 11 April 1878 at the home of his maternal grandparents in Fish Street, St Ives, Cornwall, the...

Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside

Eileen Jay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Literature. 846 words.

Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside, was born at 19 Melbourne Terrace, Salford, Lancashire, on 24 September 1851. She was the youngest of...

Varah, (Edward) Chad (1911–2007), Church of England clergyman and founder of the Samaritans

Peter Palumbo.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1741 words.

Varah, (Edward) Chad (1911–2007), Church of England clergyman and founder of the Samaritans, was born on 12 November 1911 at the vicarage, Barton upon Humber, Lincolnshire, the eldest son...

Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes

Gillian Wagner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates. 3387 words.

Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes, was born on 4 July 1845 at 4 Dame Street, Dublin, the fourth of five children of John Michaelis...

Mather, Ebenezer Joseph (1849–1927), founder of the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen

Stephen Friend.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Religion and Education. 702 words.

Mather, Ebenezer Joseph (1849–1927), founder of the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen, was born on 12 June 1849 at Foregate Street, Stafford, the son of Henry Penkett Mather (c.1...

Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries

Steve Sturdy.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Pharmacology; Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2236 words.

Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries, was born at Govan, Glasgow, on 29 December 1857, the youngest son of George Philip, a minister of...

Mauny [Manny], Sir Walter (c. 1310–1372), soldier and founder of the London Charterhouse

Jonathan Sumption.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3615 words.

Mauny [Manny], Sir Walter (c. 1310–1372), soldier and founder of the London Charterhouse, was the fourth of five sons of Jean le Borgne, lord of Masny in the imperial county of Hainault,...

Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham

G. T. Bettany.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 867 words.

Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham, was the eldest son of Edward Townsend Cox (1769–1863), a well-known Birmingham surgeon. After being...

Turner, Thomas (1793–1873), surgeon and founder of Pine Street School of Medicine

Stella Butler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 1089 words.

Turner, Thomas (1793–1873), surgeon and founder of Pine Street School of Medicine, was born on 13 August 1793 in Truro, the fifth and youngest child of Edmund Turner (d. 1821), banker, and...

Bingham [Byngham], William (d. 1451), ecclesiastic and founder of Christ's College, Cambridge

R. B. Dobson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 602 words.

Bingham [Byngham], William (d. 1451), ecclesiastic and founder of Christ's College, Cambridge, may have been the William Byngham who was presented to the vicarages of Hutton, near Beverley,...

Wallis [née McCall], Janet Sophia (1858–1928), philanthropist and founder of the Mission of Hope

L. E. Lauer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates. 749 words.

Wallis [née McCall], Janet Sophia (1858–1928), philanthropist and founder of the Mission of Hope, was born in Wood Street, Walthamstow, on 13 June 1858, the only daughter of John McCall, a...

Williams, David (1738–1816), political and religious theorist and founder of the Literary Fund

Damian Walford Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literature; Religious Studies. 4742 words.

Williams, David (1738–1816), political and religious theorist and founder of the Literary Fund, the son of William David (d. 1752), was born at Waunwaelod, near Watford, on the north slope...

Crombie, James (1730–1790), non-subscribing Presbyterian minister and founder of the Belfast Academy

Alexander Gordon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1014 words.

Crombie, James (1730–1790), non-subscribing Presbyterian minister and founder of the Belfast Academy, was born on 4 December 1730 at Perth, the eldest son of James Crambie, mason, and his...

Dickin, Maria Elisabeth (1870–1951), founder of the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA)

Brian Harrison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 1307 words.

Dickin, Maria Elisabeth (1870–1951), founder of the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA), known by her friends as Mia, was born at 1 Farrington Terrace, South Hackney, Middlesex, on...

Groom, John Alfred (1845–1919), founder of the John Grooms charity for disabled children

Mark Pottle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1209 words.

Groom, John Alfred (1845–1919), founder of the John Grooms charity for disabled children, was born at 6 North Street, Clerkenwell, London, on 15 August 1845, the third son of George Paul...

Wright, Christian Edington Guthrie (1844–1907), founder of the Edinburgh School of Cookery

Tom Begg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1009 words.

Wright, Christian Edington Guthrie (1844–1907), founder of the Edinburgh School of Cookery, was born on 19 April 1844 in Glasgow, the only child of Harry Guthrie Wright, manager of the...

Smith [Smyth], William (d. 1514), bishop of Lincoln and a founder of Brasenose College, Oxford

Margaret Bowker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3327 words.

Smith [Smyth], William (d. 1514), bishop of Lincoln and a founder of Brasenose College, Oxford, was the fourth son of Robert Smyth of Peckhouse in Widnes, Prescot, Lancashire. He received...

Hopkins, Charles Plomer (1861–1922), founder of missions to seamen and trade unionist

R. W. H. Miller.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Religion and Education. 898 words.

Hopkins, Charles Plomer (1861–1922), founder of missions to seamen and trade unionist, was born on 7 March 1861 in Brewster, Massachusetts, USA, the son of an American master mariner...

Edwards, Sir Ifan ab Owen (1895–1970), educationist and founder of Urdd Gobaith Cymru

Hazel Walford Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Education; Ethnic Politics. 1448 words.

Edwards, Sir Ifan ab Owen (1895–1970), educationist and founder of Urdd Gobaith Cymru, was born on 25 July 1895 at Tremaran, Llanuwchllyn, Merioneth, the second of the three children (the...

Bowen, Arthur Charles Mainwaring (1922–1980), founder of the British Rheumatic Association

Richard Gutch.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 998 words.

Bowen, Arthur Charles Mainwaring (1922–1980), founder of the British Rheumatic Association, was born on 24 March 1922 at Pentre-bach, Pontyberem, near Carmarthen, the son of Arthur...