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1812

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

Concert overture, op. 49 (1880), by Tchaikovsky; written for the Moscow Exhibition, it commemorates Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 and incorporates La Marseillaise and the Tsarist...

See overview in Oxford Index

Harvey, Thomas (1812–1884), philanthropist

A. C. Bickley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 731 words.

Harvey, Thomas (1812–1884), philanthropist, was born on 15 March 1812 at Barnsley in Yorkshire, the second of five children of William Harvey, a linen manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna, n...

Gladstone [née Glynne], Catherine (1812–1900), philanthropist

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1442 words.

Gladstone [née Glynne], Catherine (1812–1900), philanthropist and wife of William Ewart Gladstone, was born on 6 January 1812 at Hawarden Castle, Flintshire. She was the third child and...

Mayhew, Henry (1812–1887), author and social reformer

Deborah Vlock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literature. 1350 words.

Mayhew, Henry (1812–1887), author and social reformer, was born in London on 25 November 1812, the son of Joshua Dorset Joseph Mayhew (d. 1858) and Mary Ann Fenn. He was educated at...

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist

G. S. Boulger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Botany. 939 words.

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist, was born at Kelloe in the parish of Edrom, Berwickshire, on 16 September 1812, the son of Thomas Fortune, hedger, and his wife, Agnes, n...

Binney, Edward William (1812–1881), geologist and philanthropist

Anne Secord.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Geology and the Lithosphere. 1268 words.

Binney, Edward William (1812–1881), geologist and philanthropist, was born on 7 December 1812 at Morton Hall, near Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the youngest of the seven sons and two...

Davis, Nathan (1812–1882), traveller and excavator

W. W. Wroth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 327 words.

Davis, Nathan (1812–1882), traveller and excavator, was born in 1812. Nothing is known of his education, save that he is referred to as Dr Davis. He was an American who for many years lived...

Smiles, Samuel (1812–1904), biographer and didact

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Biographical Studies. 2142 words.

Smiles, Samuel (1812–1904), biographer and didact, born in a house on the High Street, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland, on 23 December 1812, was one of eleven children of Samuel Smiles,...

Crossley, John (1812–1879), industrialist and philanthropist

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1693 words.

Crossley, John (1812–1879), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 16 May 1812 in Halifax, the sixth of the eight children of John Crossley (c. 1772–1837) [see under Crossley,...

Harrison, William (1812–1860), merchant navy officer

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 530 words.

Harrison, William (1812–1860), merchant navy officer, son of a master in the merchant service, was born at Maryport, Cumberland, in October 1812. He was apprenticed to Mr Porter, a...

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist

Patrick Waddington.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics. 1182 words.

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate...

Burnaby, Andrew (1732–1812), Church of England clergyman and traveller

T. Y. Cocks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; World History; Travel and Holiday. 701 words.

Burnaby, Andrew (1732–1812), Church of England clergyman and traveller, was born at Asfordby, Leicestershire, on 16 August 1732, the eldest son of Andrew Burnaby (1702–1776) of Brampton...

Fullerton [née Leveson-Gower], Lady Georgiana Charlotte (1812–1885), novelist and philanthropist

Solveig C. Robinson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1060 words.

Fullerton [née Leveson-Gower], Lady Georgiana Charlotte (1812–1885), novelist and philanthropist, was born on 23 September 1812 at Tixall Hall, Staffordshire, the third of four children of...

Vere, Sir Stephen Edward De, fourth baronet (1812–1904), philanthropist and classical scholar

Elizabeth Lee.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Classical Studies. 524 words.

Vere, Sir Stephen Edward De, fourth baronet (1812–1904), philanthropist and classical scholar, was the son of Sir Aubrey De Vere, second baronet (1788–1846), and his wife, Mary Rice (d....

Denison, Edward (1840–1870), philanthropist

Robert Harrison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 607 words.

Denison, Edward (1840–1870), philanthropist, born at the palace, Salisbury, Wiltshire, on 8 September 1840, was the son of Edward Denison (1801–1854), bishop of Salisbury, and his first...

Bacon, Leonard, Sr.

Daniel G. Reid.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 972 words.

Bacon, Leonard, Sr. (19 February 1802–24 December 1881), Congregational minister and reformer, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of David Bacon and Alice Parks, missionaries. At the...

Graham, Augustus

Olive Hoogenboom.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1415 words.

Graham, Augustus (baptized 15 Apr. 1776–27 November 1851), philanthropist, was born Richard King in Devonshire, England, the son of John King, a hatter or a clothier, and Mary Barrons. It...

Boott, Kirk

Peyton Paxson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1058 words.

Boott, Kirk (20 October 1790–11 April 1837), a founder of the industrial city of Lowell, Massachusetts, was born in Boston, the son of Kirk “Church” Boott, an importer and merchant who...

Cook, Thomas (1808–1892), travel agent

Piers Brendon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday. 3598 words.

Cook, Thomas (1808–1892), travel agent, was born on 22 November 1808 at 9 Quick Close, Melbourne, Derbyshire. He was the only child of John Cook (1785–1812), labourer, and his wife,...

Lucas [née Goldsmid], Helen (1835–1918), philanthropist and social worker

Susan L. Tananbaum.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Social Work. 823 words.

Lucas [née Goldsmid], Helen (1835–1918), philanthropist and social worker, was born on 10 August 1835, the first of the nine children of Frederick D. Goldsmid (1812–1866), a financier and...

Bonney, Mary Lucinda

Karen L. Graves.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education. 998 words.

Bonney, Mary Lucinda (08 June 1816–24 July 1900), educator and reformer, was born in Hamilton, New York, the daughter of Benjamin Bonney and Lucinda Wilder, farmers. Her father, a veteran...