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1812

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

Concert overture, op. 49 (1880), by Tchaikovsky; written for the Moscow Exhibition, it commemorates Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 and incorporates La Marseillaise and the Tsarist...

See overview in Oxford Index

Fortune, Robert (1812–80)

Maggie Campbell-Culver.

in The Oxford Companion to the Garden

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden. 150 words.

(1812–80), Scottish plant collector in China and Japan who trained at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, before

Cameron, Charles (c.1743–1812)

Peter Hayden.

in The Oxford Companion to the Garden

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden. 248 words.

(c.1743–1812), Scottish architect and landscape architect, probably born in London, where he was apprenticed to his father,

Hartweg, Theodor (1812–71)

Maggie Campbell-Culver.

in The Oxford Companion to the Garden

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden. 151 words.

(1812–71), German plant collector who worked at the Jardin des Plantes in Paris (see Paris parks and

Harvey, Thomas (1812–1884), philanthropist

A. C. Bickley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 731 words.

Harvey, Thomas (1812–1884), philanthropist, was born on 15 March 1812 at Barnsley in Yorkshire, the second of five children of William Harvey, a linen manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna, n...

Gladstone [née Glynne], Catherine (1812–1900), philanthropist

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1442 words.

Gladstone [née Glynne], Catherine (1812–1900), philanthropist and wife of William Ewart Gladstone, was born on 6 January 1812 at Hawarden Castle, Flintshire. She was the third child and...

Mayhew, Henry (1812–1887), author and social reformer

Deborah Vlock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literature. 1350 words.

Mayhew, Henry (1812–1887), author and social reformer, was born in London on 25 November 1812, the son of Joshua Dorset Joseph Mayhew (d. 1858) and Mary Ann Fenn. He was educated at...

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist

G. S. Boulger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Botany. 939 words.

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist, was born at Kelloe in the parish of Edrom, Berwickshire, on 16 September 1812, the son of Thomas Fortune, hedger, and his wife, Agnes, n...

Binney, Edward William (1812–1881), geologist and philanthropist

Anne Secord.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Geology and the Lithosphere. 1268 words.

Binney, Edward William (1812–1881), geologist and philanthropist, was born on 7 December 1812 at Morton Hall, near Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the youngest of the seven sons and two...

Davis, Nathan (1812–1882), traveller and excavator

W. W. Wroth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 327 words.

Davis, Nathan (1812–1882), traveller and excavator, was born in 1812. Nothing is known of his education, save that he is referred to as Dr Davis. He was an American who for many years lived...

Smiles, Samuel (1812–1904), biographer and didact

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Biographical Studies. 2142 words.

Smiles, Samuel (1812–1904), biographer and didact, born in a house on the High Street, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland, on 23 December 1812, was one of eleven children of Samuel Smiles,...

Transition States in the Chaotic Pacific, 1812–1848

Edward Sugden.

in Emergent Worlds

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cultural Studies. 20707 words.

This chapter explores the historical fold between a declining Spanish colonialism and a coming but not inevitable US imperial nation-state. Terming this midzone the “transition state,” it...

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Crossley, John (1812–1879), industrialist and philanthropist

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1693 words.

Crossley, John (1812–1879), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 16 May 1812 in Halifax, the sixth of the eight children of John Crossley (c. 1772–1837) [see under Crossley,...

Harrison, William (1812–1860), merchant navy officer

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 530 words.

Harrison, William (1812–1860), merchant navy officer, son of a master in the merchant service, was born at Maryport, Cumberland, in October 1812. He was apprenticed to Mr Porter, a...

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist

Patrick Waddington.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics. 1182 words.

Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate...

Clasper, Henry [Harry] (1812–1870), oarsman and boat builder

Eric Halladay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 753 words.

Clasper, Henry [Harry] (1812–1870), oarsman and boat builder, was born at Dunston, near Newcastle upon Tyne, on 5 July 1812, the son of Robert and Jane Clasper. He married his cousin...

Burnaby, Andrew (1732–1812), Church of England clergyman and traveller

T. Y. Cocks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; World History; Travel and Holiday. 701 words.

Burnaby, Andrew (1732–1812), Church of England clergyman and traveller, was born at Asfordby, Leicestershire, on 16 August 1732, the eldest son of Andrew Burnaby (1702–1776) of Brampton...

Fullerton [née Leveson-Gower], Lady Georgiana Charlotte (1812–1885), novelist and philanthropist

Solveig C. Robinson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1060 words.

Fullerton [née Leveson-Gower], Lady Georgiana Charlotte (1812–1885), novelist and philanthropist, was born on 23 September 1812 at Tixall Hall, Staffordshire, the third of four children of...

Vere, Sir Stephen Edward De, fourth baronet (1812–1904), philanthropist and classical scholar

Elizabeth Lee.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Classical Studies. 524 words.

Vere, Sir Stephen Edward De, fourth baronet (1812–1904), philanthropist and classical scholar, was the son of Sir Aubrey De Vere, second baronet (1788–1846), and his wife, Mary Rice (d....

Haraszthy, Agoston (1812–69)

in The Oxford Companion to Wine

January 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 243 words.

early california wine-grower and promoter, frequently but wrongly identified as the ‘father of California wine’. Born in Austro-Hungary, he went to the United States in ...

Montgomerie, Archibald William, thirteenth earl of Eglinton and first earl of Winton (1812–1861), politician and racing patron

Mary S. Millar.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 1694 words.

Montgomerie, Archibald William, thirteenth earl of Eglinton and first earl of Winton (1812–1861), politician and racing patron, was born on 29 September 1812 at Palermo, Sicily, the second...