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1812

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

Concert overture, op. 49 (1880), by Tchaikovsky; written for the Moscow Exhibition, it commemorates Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 and incorporates La Marseillaise and the Tsarist...

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War of 1812 (1812–15)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 187 words.

Conflict between the USA and Britain. The main source of friction was British maritime policy in the Napoleonic Wars,

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Rousseau, Théodore (1812–67)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 44 words.

leading member of the Barbizon School. He was a pioneer of the open-air movement in landscape painting, and from

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Lear, Edward (1812–88)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 48 words.

Lear is famous for his tragi-comic nonsense verse for children. He invented such characters as the ‘Pobble Which Had No

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Browning, Robert (1812–89)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 113 words.

“My Last Duchess” and “Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister”, both published in Bells and Pomegranates (1846), display his

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Rothschild, Meyer Amschel (1744–1812)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 66 words.

founder of a banking dynasty. He made his fortune in Frankfurt during the Napoleonic Wars. His five sons established branches

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Dickens, Charles John Huffam (1812–70)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 146 words.

He began his writing career as a parliamentary reporter for the Morning Chronicle. His first success were satirical pieces

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Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore (1812–52)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 44 words.

With Sir Charles Barry, he designed (1840–70) the Houses of Parliament. Through his designs and writings,

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Canning, Charles John, Earl (1812–62)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 64 words.

Son of George Canning, he served in government before becoming governor general of India (1856–58). He repressed

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Jackson, Andrew (1767–1845)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 125 words.

Jackson became a national hero in the War of 1812 when he defeated the British at New Orleans (1815

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New Orleans, Battle of (1815)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 55 words.

Last engagement in the War of 1812. It took place two weeks after the Treaty of Ghent was signed

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Columbus

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 62 words.

Capital of Ohio, USA, on the Scioto River. Founded In 1812, it grew rapidly with the arrival of the

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Kutusov, Mikhail Illarionovich (1745–1813)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 35 words.

Kutusov was supreme commander in the Napoleonic Wars. After the French abandoned Moscow in 1812, he forced them

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Ghent, Treaty of (1814)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 27 words.

Agreement ending the War of 1812 between Britain and the USA. It appointed a commission to settle the dispute about

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Hartford Convention (1814–15)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 41 words.

Secret meeting of leaders from five New England states opposed to the War of 1812 because it disrupted trade. Convention

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Taylor, Zachary (1784–1850)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 74 words.

A soldier with little formal education, he fought in the War of 1812. In 1845, Taylor was ordered

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Astor, John Jacob (1763–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 86 words.

b. Germany. Astor founded the American Fur Company in 1808 and, after 1812, acquired a virtual monopoly of

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Alexander I (1777–1825)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 56 words.

After repulsing Napoleon's attempt to conquer Russia (1812), he led his troops across Europe and into Paris (

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