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1812

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

Concert overture, op. 49 (1880), by Tchaikovsky; written for the Moscow Exhibition, it commemorates Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 and incorporates La Marseillaise and the Tsarist...

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Baskerville, Thomas (1812–1840), surgeon and writer on botany

Janet Browne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Surgery. 273 words.

Baskerville, Thomas (1812–1840), surgeon and writer on botany, was born on 26 April 1812, and served a four-year medical apprenticeship to Mr Soulby, of Ash near Sandwich in Kent. From 1...

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Walker, Charles Vincent (1812–1882), technical editor and electrical engineer

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electrical Engineering; History of Science and Technology. 557 words.

Walker, Charles Vincent (1812–1882), technical editor and electrical engineer, was born on 20 March 1812 in Marylebone, Middlesex, the son of Vincent Walker and his wife Ann, née Blake....

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| 1812–13 | 1812–13 The Major Work

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5359 words.

The chapter opens with a description of the circumstances behind the unexpected appearance in 1997 of a single printed copy of Ørsted's ‘Theory of Force’, intended to become the second...

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| 1812–13 | 1812–13 Second Journey Abroad Berlin and Paris

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5117 words.

Ørsted joins a Freemasonic lodge and is endowed with a travel grant by the King to study the utility of science. In fact Ørsted ignores this purpose. The scant archival material to...

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| 1812–15 The Prime Mover of Danish Science, and Gitte's First-Born Child

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5309 words.

Ørsted delivers his meagre report on his second grand tour to the King. He suggests a reorganization of the sciences at the University to lever a Faculty of Science, but to no avail. Ørsted...

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The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Conevery Bolton Valencius.

September 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Book. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 480 pages.

In the winter of 1811-1812, massive earthquakes shook the middle Mississippi Valley. The earth cracked, huge sand blows spurted liquefied sand, and the Mississippi River ran backwards. ...

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: Earthquake Cracks

Conevery Bolton Valencius.

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

September 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5082 words.

In the 1830s, Davy Crockett wrote about stumbling into “earthquake cracks” during a bear hunt. His matter-of-fact reporting of earthquake evidence contrasts with how the New Madrid...

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A Great Commotion

Conevery Bolton Valencius.

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

September 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 18063 words.

This chapter uses first-person accounts, especially by Mississippi River merchant William Leigh Pierce, to narrate the multiple shocks of the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-1812 which...

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Revival and Resistance

Conevery Bolton Valencius.

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

September 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 16807 words.

The New Madrid earthquakes had important consequences for Indians in North America. For people in the Cherokee Nation in the midst of a period of cultural upheaval and social stress, the...

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The Science of Deep History

Conevery Bolton Valencius.

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

September 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 21648 words.

In 1912, United States Geological Survey researcher Myron L. Fuller published an account of the New Madrid earthquakes. This report languished until seismologist Otto Nuttli re-focused...

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Beaumont, William (1785–1853)

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

January 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 494 words.

A native of Lebanon, Connecticut, Beaumont earned a license to practice medicine in 1812 after a brief apprenticeship with physician

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Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

January 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 487 words.

Founded in 1812 in Philadelphia—then the commercial and scientific hub of the United States—the Academy of Natural Sciences is America’s

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Beginnings

in Michael Faraday

November 2010; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 4889 words.

The family origins of Michael Faraday are traced in ‘Beginnings’. Born in London in 1791, his family had moved from Westmorland to find work. His father worked as an ironmonger and the...

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The Dandy

Jan Golinski.

in The Experimental Self

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 8229 words.

This chapter considers how Davy’s appeal to women in his audiences at the Royal Institution affected his public persona. At a time of heightened anxieties about shifting gender roles,...

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Cuvier's Model for Geohistory (1817–25)

in Worlds Before Adam

July 2008; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7248 words.

This chapter describes the work of Georges Cuvier, naturalist and professor of comparative anatomy at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. In 1812 Cuvier produced four volumes of Resea...

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Smith, Sir Swire (1842–1918), promoter of technical education

Ian Dewhirst.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Education. 838 words.

Smith, Sir Swire (1842–1918), promoter of technical education, was born on 4 March 1842 at Wagon Fold, Keighley, Yorkshire, the elder son of the four children of George Smith (1812–1902), a...

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Ewbank, Thomas

William A. Bate.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; US Politics; History of Science and Technology; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1116 words.

Ewbank, Thomas (11 March 1792–16 September 1870), commissioner of patents, inventor, and historian of technology, was born in Durham, England. Little is known of Ewbank’s parentage or early...

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