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1812

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

Concert overture, op. 49 (1880), by Tchaikovsky; written for the Moscow Exhibition, it commemorates Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 and incorporates La Marseillaise and the Tsarist...

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Vater-Pacini corpuscle

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

Another name for a Pacinian corpuscle. [Named after the German anatomist Abraham Vater (1684–1751) who discovered it some time prior to 1741, and the Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini...

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Kaspar Hauser experiment

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

An experiment in which an animal is reared in isolation from members of its own species (conspecifics), for example, the experiments carried out in the 1950s by the British ethologist...

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Pickwickian syndrome

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A breathing-related sleep disorder associated with moderate or extreme obesity, hypoventilation (diminished or insufficient breathing, leading to low oxygen content of the blood), chronic...

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Pacinian corpuscle

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

Sensory receptors for touch in the skin, consisting of sensory nerve endings surrounded by capsules of membrane in ‘onion-skin’ layers. They are especially sensitive to changes in pressure...

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Synesthesia in the Nineteenth Century

Jörg Jewanski.

in Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; History and Systems in Psychology. 12778 words.

The scientific origins of synaesthesia began in the early 19th century. This chapter discusses research between 1812 (the first known convincing account of synaesthesia) and 1920 (a...

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