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1848

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January,...

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Revolutions of 1848

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 106 words.

Series of revolutions in European countries which broke out within a few months of each other. The general cause was

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February Revolution (1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 58 words.

French insurrection that overthrew the government of Louis Philippe. The revolution began in Paris following the economic crisis of

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Gauguin, Paul (1848–1903)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 125 words.

one of the greatest artists of post-impressionism. In his early career, Gauguin exhibited (1881–86) with the impressionists

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Donizetti, Gaetano (1797–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 51 words.

He wrote 75 comic and serious operas. Initially influenced by Gioacchino Rossini, he formed his own melodic style with

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Parry, Sir Hubert (1848–1918)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

His mastery of choral music is best shown in Blest Pair of Sirens (1887). He is well known

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Frege, Gottlob (1848–1925)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

professor of mathematics at the University of Jena (1879–1918). With George Boole, Frege was one of the

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Grace, W. G. (1848–1915)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 49 words.

He played for England, Gloucestershire, and London County. He scored 54,896 runs (including 126 centuries), took 2,876 wickets, and held

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Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Treaty of (1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 37 words.

Peace settlement ending the Mexican War. Mexico ceded the present US states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada,

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Ibrahim Pasha (1789–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 55 words.

son of Muhammad Ali. He campaigned (1816–18) against the Wahhabis of Arabia and fought the Greek insurgents

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De Vries, Hugo (1848–1935)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 37 words.

De Vries introduced the concept of mutation into the study of genetics. He wrote The Mutation Theory (1901–03

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Harris, Joel Chandler (1848–1908)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 39 words.

A journalist in the American South for much of his career, Harris is best known for the Uncle Remus stories,

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Stephenson, George (1781–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 67 words.

regarded as the father of the locomotive. Stephenson built his first locomotive, Blucher, in 1814. This locomotive, the

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Tiffany, Louis Comfort (1848–1933)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 53 words.

leader of the art nouveau style in the USA. In 1878, he formed an interior decorating firm, which by

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Adams, John Quincy (1767–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 102 words.

son of the second president John Adams. He served in his father's administration, before acting (1803–08) as

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Astor, John Jacob (1763–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 86 words.

b. Germany. Astor founded the American Fur Company in 1808 and, after 1812, acquired a virtual monopoly of

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Berzelius, Jöns Jakob, Baron (1779–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 61 words.

one of the founders of modern chemistry. His accomplishments include the discovery of cerium, selenium, and thorium;

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Earp, Wyatt Berry Stapp (1848–1929)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 39 words.

In 1879, he became deputy sheriff of Tombstone, Arizona. The Earp brothers and Doc Holliday fought the Clanton gang

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Chateaubriand, François René, Vicomte de (1768–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 85 words.

whose works contributed to French Romanticism. The Genius of Christianity (1802) was a reaction to Enlightenment attacks

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Melbourne, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount (1779–1848)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 88 words.

1835–41). He entered Parliament as a Whig in 1805 and joined the House of Lords in 1828. As

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Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of (1848–1930)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 84 words.

b. Scotland. Balfour succeeded his uncle, the Marquess of Salisbury, as prime minister. His government introduced educational reforms

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