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1848

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January,...

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| 1848–9 | 1848–9 Civil War and Free Constitution

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5890 words.

King Christian VIII dies in January 1848, while having prepared a new constitution attempting to keep the duchies and the monarchy united. A.S. Ørsted is commissioned to work out the...

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Berzelius, Jöns Jacob (1779–1848)

Frederic Lawrence Holmes.

in The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 939 words.

(1779–1848), Swedish chemist, the dominant authority in European chemistry in the early nineteenth century.

Born in a small

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Allen, (Charles) Grant Blairfindie (1848–1899), writer on science and novelist

J. S. Cotton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1904 words.

Allen, (Charles) Grant Blairfindie (1848–1899), writer on science and novelist, was born at Alwington, near Kingston, Ontario, Canada, on 24 February 1848, the second but only surviving son...

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Richardson, George Fleming (1796–1848), geologist and itinerant lecturer

H. S. Torrens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Education; Geology and the Lithosphere. 746 words.

Richardson, George Fleming (1796–1848), geologist and itinerant lecturer, was born on 8 December 1796 in Lewes, Sussex, son of George Richardson (1763–1843), Brighton linen draper and...

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Rowland, Henry A. (1848–1901)

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

January 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 386 words.

best remembered as the first professor of physics at Johns Hopkins University and for the “Rowland grating,” an instrument for

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John Rae Hears about Franklin from Eskimos, 1848

Roger M. McCoy.

in On the Edge

August 2012; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 1777 words.

This chapter focuses on the search for John Franklin, who did not return after departing for an expedition in 1845 to find the sea passage of the North American Arctic coast. When no word...

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Laboratories and Physics in Oxford Colleges, 1848–1947

Tony Simcock.

in Physics in Oxford, 1839-1939

June 2005; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 21089 words.

Accounts and perceptions of particular subjects at Oxford University tend to concentrate on professors and central institutions. Not surprisingly, historians and contemporary commentators...

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American Association for the Advancement of Science

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

January 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 448 words.

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) was founded in 1848 to facilitate communication among scientists and to

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Conclusion

in The Romantic Machine

June 2012; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9199 words.

The French Revolution of 1848 was triggered in part by injustices and miseries associated with the emerging industrial regime. Yet reformers such as Victor Considerant, Louis Blanc, Flora...

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The History of Paleopathology in the Netherlands

George J.R. Maat.

in The Global History of Paleopathology

June 2012; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 2063 words.

This chapter discusses history of paleopathology in the Netherlands. History shows that the discipline was regarded as a serious academic subject from the mid-eighteenth century onward....

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The Austrian Idea

Deborah R. Coen.

in Climate in Motion

July 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7838 words.

“The Austrian Idea” recasts the long debate over the late Habsburg Monarchy’s ideological underpinnings or lack thereof. It observes that in the post-1848 period, justifications for the...

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The Possibility of Illness from Pigeon Allergens

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D..

in Darwin's Illness

June 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 368 words.

In a footnote in Darwin on Man, it was suggested that Charles Darwin may have become ill because of “a severe allergy, possibly to pigeons, with which Darwin associated much”. However,...

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| 1815–17 | 1815–17 Dynamical Research A.S. Ørsted's Dissent

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 6240 words.

Ørsted's lectures on physics and agricultural chemistry for fees. In 1815 he begins his monthly lectures on scientific discoveries and technical inventions. Up till 1848 he delivered...

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| 1839–47 | 1839–47 Scandinavian Science Conferences

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7282 words.

Some Scandinavian scientists are inspired by the GDNÄ and the BAAS to establish a Scandinavian counterpart. While Ørsted favours the idea, Hansteen and Berzelius are skeptical at first. The...

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The First Searchers Look in the Wrong Places, 1847

Roger M. McCoy.

in On the Edge

August 2012; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 2181 words.

This chapter focuses on John Franklin's ill-fated expedition of 1845 and the search and rescue operations that were launched when the ships and men of the voyage never returned. John Ross...

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Instruction in the Railway Marketplace

in Steam-Powered Knowledge

February 2012; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 4222 words.

This chapter discusses instruction in the railway marketplace. Railway bookstalls would mark the final coming-of-age of efforts to promote popular education. Samuel Phillips's optimism...

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Illuminate All Eyes: Colonial Markets and the Problem of Freedom

Theresa Levitt.

in The Shadow of Enlightenment

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 10846 words.

This chapter examines the two men's involvement in colonial trade and slavery. Biot developed an optical device — the saccharimeter — that became a crucial part of the colonial sugar...

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In the Stream of the World

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty

August 2007; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 10821 words.

This chapter describes the reform of the education system. Count Thun and his collaborators revised the Gymnasium curriculum to focus more on natural science and mathematics. They also...

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The Romantic Machine

John Tresch.

June 2012; p ublished online March 2013 .

Book. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 408 pages.

In the years immediately following Napoleon's defeat, French thinkers in all fields set their minds to the problem of how to recover from the long upheavals that had been set into motion by...

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Treatments from Father, Father's Death, Prolonged Vomiting, and Treatments from Dr. Gully with Hydropathy at Malvern

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D..

in Darwin's Illness

June 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 3744 words.

Charles Darwin's 1842–45 letters to his Shrewsbury family reveal how he continued to depend on his father for advice, assistance, and medical treatment. During these years, Darwin's father...

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