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1848

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Armstrong, Thomas [Tommy] (1848–1920), pitman and poet

Roy Palmer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 592 words.

Armstrong, Thomas [Tommy] (1848–1920), pitman and poet, was born on 15 August 1848 in Wood Street, Shotley Bridge, co. Durham, the son of Timothy Armstrong, labourer, and his wife, Mary, néenull...

Cole, John (1792–1848), bookseller and antiquary

Diana Dixon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Publishing. 908 words.

Cole, John (1792–1848), bookseller and antiquary, was born on 3 October 1792 in Weston Favell, Northamptonshire. He was of unknown parentage, and was apprenticed to William Birdsall, a...

Orme, Edward (1775–1848), engraver and property developer

John Maggs.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Prints and Printmaking. 557 words.

Orme, Edward (1775–1848), engraver and property developer, was born in Manchester, the thirteenth child of Aaron Orme (1707–1782), fustian manufacturer of Manchester, and his third wife,...

Thom, William (1798?–1848), poet and weaver

Stephen Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 695 words.

Thom, William (1798?–1848), poet and weaver, was born in Aberdeen, probably on 12 March 1798. He hardly knew his father, who may have been a merchant or an architect. Run over by a...

Roberts, Sir James, first baronet (1848–1935), mill owner and benefactor

Julia Bolton Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1564 words.

Roberts, Sir James, first baronet (1848–1935), mill owner and benefactor, was born on 30 September 1848 at Lane Ends, Oakworth, near Haworth, Yorkshire, the ninth of the eleven children...

McCulloch, George (1848–1907), mine owner and art collector

Christopher Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Financial Aspects of Art. 886 words.

McCulloch, George (1848–1907), mine owner and art collector, was born on 23 April 1848 in Lanark, the youngest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of James McCulloch...

Smith, George William Duff Assheton (1848–1904), quarry owner and landowner

Jean Lindsay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1289 words.

Smith, George William Duff Assheton (1848–1904), quarry owner and landowner, was born on 17 May 1848 in London, the eldest son of Robert George Duff (b. 1819), of Wellington Lodge, Isle of...

Jarrin, William Alexis [Guglielmo Alexis] (1784–1848), confectioner and author

Laura Mason.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Literature. 903 words.

Jarrin, William Alexis [Guglielmo Alexis] (1784–1848), confectioner and author, was born in Colorno, near Parma, in northern Italy, on 25 March 1784, the son of William Alexis Jarrin,...

Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans (1822–1848), East India Company servant

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 594 words.

Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans (1822–1848), East India Company servant, was born at Raipur in Chhattisgarh in central India on 21 April 1822, the second son of Patrick Vans Agnew...

Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848), Church of England clergyman and poor-law reformer

M. J. D. Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 884 words.

Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848), Church of England clergyman and poor-law reformer, was born in Cork, the son of Michael Becher. Educated at Westminster School, he proceeded to Christ...

Stuart, John Crichton-, second marquess of Bute (1793–1848), landowner and industrialist

John Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1002 words.

Stuart, John Crichton-, second marquess of Bute (1793–1848), landowner and industrialist, was born on 10 August 1793 at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, the eldest son (there were no daughters) of...

Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Economics.

(1866–1948)

Breckinridge was born in Lexington, Kentucky on 1 April 1848, and died in Chicago on 30 July 1948. Her father was a liberal congressman and lawyer who strongly...

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John Jacob Astor

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Economics.

(1763–1848)

US fur trader and financier. He entered the American fur trade and by 1800 had established the beginnings of a commercial empire, with chartered ships plying both the...

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Sir Edwin Chadwick

Overview page. Subjects: History — Economics.

(1800–90)

British public health reformer. A friend and disciple of Jeremy Bentham, he was the architect of the Poor Law Amendment Act (1834). His report for the royal commission...

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Henry Charles Carey

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Literature.

(1793–1879),

son of Mathew Carey, in whose publishing firm he was a partner until he retired to write his Essay on the Rate of Wages (1835), which mainly accepted the doctrine of...

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Charles Francis Adams

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Economics.

(1807–86),

son of John Quincy Adams, entered politics as a “conscience” Whig, founded the Boston Whig, and in 1848 ran for the vice-presidency as a Free-Soil candidate. He later...

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Edward Baines

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Studies (19th Century) — Economics.

(1774–1774)

Edward Baines was born on 5 February 1774 at Walton-le-Dale in Lancashire, the son of Richard Baines and his wife Jane. He died in Leeds on 3 August 1848. ...

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E.H. Harriman

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Economic History.

(1848–1909), railroad financier.

Born in Hempstead, New York, Edward Henry Harriman began his business career as a Wall Street stockbroker, but soon became a railroad financier by...

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Trudeau, Edward Livingston

Georgina Feldberg and Tara Feld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health. 1461 words.

Trudeau, Edward Livingston (05 October 1848–15 November 1915), physician and founder of the American sanatorium movement, was born in New York City, the son of James Trudeau, a physician...

Rout [married name Hornibrook], Ettie Annie (1877–1936), public health and birth control campaigner

Jane Tolerton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1451 words.

Rout [married name Hornibrook], Ettie Annie (1877–1936), public health and birth control campaigner, was born on 24 February 1877 in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, twin eldest of the...