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1848

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Berzelius, Jöns Jacob (1779–1848)

D. L. Dineley.

in The Oxford Companion to the Earth

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 281 words.

(1779–1848)

The Swede J. J. Berzelius, ‘the greatest chemist of his day’, made important contributions to the

Bidwell, Shelford (1848–1909)

Richard L. Gregory.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 99 words.

(1848–1909).

British physicist and barrister, born at Thetford, Norfolk, and educated at Cambridge. After practising as a

Stumpf, Carl (1848–1936)

O. L. Zangwill.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 116 words.

(1848–1936).

German psychologist, born in Wiesenfeld and educated in the University of Würzburg, where he was strongly

Wernicke, Carl (1848–1905)

Norman Geschwind and O. L. Zangwill.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 599 words.

(1848–1905).

German neurologist and psychiatrist who qualified at the University of Breslau and returned to it many years

| 1848–9 | 1848–9 Civil War and Free Constitution

Dan C. Christensen.

in Hans Christian Ørsted

May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 5890 words.

King Christian VIII dies in January 1848, while having prepared a new constitution attempting to keep the duchies and the monarchy united. A.S. Ørsted is commissioned to work out the...

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Berzelius, Jöns Jacob (1779–1848)

Frederic Lawrence Holmes.

in The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 939 words.

(1779–1848), Swedish chemist, the dominant authority in European chemistry in the early nineteenth century.

Born in a small

Bridge, Thomas William (1848–1909), zoologist

F. W. Gamble.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 461 words.

Bridge, Thomas William (1848–1909), zoologist, was born at 4 Easy Row, Birmingham, on 5 November 1848, the eldest son of Thomas Bridge, a boot- and shoemaker, and Lucy, daughter of Thomas...

Darwin, Sir Francis (1848–1925), botanist

Thomas Junker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Botany. 1296 words.

Darwin, Sir Francis (1848–1925), botanist, was born on 16 August 1848 at Downe, Kent, the seventh of the ten children of Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882), the naturalist, and his wife,...

Saunders, Edward (1848–1910), entomologist

Yolanda Foote.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Entomology. 762 words.

Saunders, Edward (1848–1910), entomologist, was born on 22 March 1848 at East Hill, Wandsworth, the youngest of seven children (four sons and three daughters) of the entomologist William...

Dobson, George Edward (1848–1895), zoologist

E. I. Carlyle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 536 words.

Dobson, George Edward (1848–1895), zoologist, was born on 4 September 1848 at Edgeworthstown, co. Longford, the son of Parke Dobson of Killinagh in co. Westmeath. He was educated at the...

Denning, William Frederick (1848–1931), astronomer

A. J. Meadows.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 564 words.

Denning, William Frederick (1848–1931), astronomer, was born on 25 November 1848 at Wellow, near Radstock, Somerset, the son of Isaac Poyntz Denning, a public accountant, and his wife,...

Muirhead, Alexander (1848–1920), electrical engineer

Ronald M. Birse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electrical Engineering. 771 words.

Muirhead, Alexander (1848–1920), electrical engineer, was born on 26 May 1848 at Barley Mill, Saltoun, East Lothian, Scotland, the second of the seven children of John Muirhead (1807–1885),...

Horne, John (1848–1928), geologist

David Oldroyd.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Geology and the Lithosphere. 883 words.

Horne, John (1848–1928), geologist, was born at Campsie, Stirlingshire, on 1 January 1848, the son of a farmer, James Horne, and his wife, Janet, née Braid. He attended Glasgow high school...

Harte, Henry Hickman (1790–1848), mathematician

William Reynell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics. 287 words.

Harte, Henry Hickman (1790–1848), mathematician, was born in co. Limerick, Ireland, the son of a solicitor. He obtained a scholarship in 1809, and a fellowship ten years later, at Trinity...

McNab, William (1780–1848), horticulturist

Peter D. A. Boyd.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming. 1246 words.

McNab, William (1780–1848), horticulturist, was born at Knockcavish in the parish of Dailly, Ayrshire, on 12 August 1780, one of twelve children of James McNab, a farmer. He assisted his...

Taylor, Thomas Glanville (1804–1848), astronomer

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 774 words.

Taylor, Thomas Glanville (1804–1848), astronomer, was born at Ashburton, Devon, on 22 November 1804, the son of Thomas Taylor (b. 1772) and his wife, Susannah, née Glanville. In 1807 his...

Gerard, Patrick (1794–1848), geographer

H. M. Chichester.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography. 361 words.

Gerard, Patrick (1794–1848), geographer, was the son of Gilbert Gerard (1760–1815), theologian, and Helen Duncan; the grandson of Alexander Gerard (1728–1795); and the brother of Alexander...

Dunlop, James (1793–1848), astronomer

David Gavine.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 990 words.

Dunlop, James (1793–1848), astronomer, was born on 31 October 1793 in Dalry, Ayrshire, the fourth of the seven children of John Dunlop (1760–1819), a weaver, and his wife, Janet Boyle (d....

Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750–1848), astronomer

Michael Hoskin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2726 words.

Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750–1848), astronomer, was born at Hanover on 16 March 1750, the eighth child and fourth daughter of Isaac Herschel (1707–1767) and his wife, Anna Ilse...

Messel, Rudolph (1848–1920), industrial chemist

Ann K. Newmark.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 654 words.

Messel, Rudolph (1848–1920), industrial chemist, was born on 14 January 1848 in Darmstadt, the second of five children of Simon Messel, banker and his wife, Amelia. After his father died in...