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1848

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Messel, Rudolph (1848–1920), industrial chemist

Ann K. Newmark.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 654 words.

Messel, Rudolph (1848–1920), industrial chemist, was born on 14 January 1848 in Darmstadt, the second of five children of Simon Messel, banker and his wife, Amelia. After his father died in...

Mawdsley, James (1848–1902), trade unionist

Duncan Bythell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1057 words.

Mawdsley, James (1848–1902), trade unionist, was born at Preston, Lancashire, on 9 January 1848, the son of Thomas Mawdsley, an operative cotton spinner, and his wife, Jane (née Fawcett)....

Hewitt, Thomas Peter (1848–1933), watchmaker and businessman

Alun C. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 648 words.

Hewitt, Thomas Peter (1848–1933), watchmaker and businessman, was born in Fall Lane, Prescot, Lancashire, on 1 December 1848, son of Joseph Hewitt (1823–1880) and his wife, Elizabeth, née M...

Gray, Thomas (1787–1848), promoter of railways

James Burnley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 468 words.

Gray, Thomas (1787–1848), promoter of railways, the son of Robert Gray, engineer, was born in Leeds, and afterwards lived in Nottingham. As a boy he had seen John Blenkinsop's pioneering...

Davis, William John (1848–1934), trade unionist

Alastair J. Reid.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 916 words.

Davis, William John (1848–1934), trade unionist, was born on 6 August 1848 at 263 Bradford Street, Birmingham, the son of Thomas Davis, a brass-founder, and his wife, Tharzia. As a child he...

Armstrong, Thomas [Tommy] (1848–1920), pitman and poet

Roy Palmer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 592 words.

Armstrong, Thomas [Tommy] (1848–1920), pitman and poet, was born on 15 August 1848 in Wood Street, Shotley Bridge, co. Durham, the son of Timothy Armstrong, labourer, and his wife, Mary, néenull...

Cole, John (1792–1848), bookseller and antiquary

Diana Dixon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Publishing. 908 words.

Cole, John (1792–1848), bookseller and antiquary, was born on 3 October 1792 in Weston Favell, Northamptonshire. He was of unknown parentage, and was apprenticed to William Birdsall, a...

Orme, Edward (1775–1848), engraver and property developer

John Maggs.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Prints and Printmaking. 557 words.

Orme, Edward (1775–1848), engraver and property developer, was born in Manchester, the thirteenth child of Aaron Orme (1707–1782), fustian manufacturer of Manchester, and his third wife,...

Thom, William (1798?–1848), poet and weaver

Stephen Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 695 words.

Thom, William (1798?–1848), poet and weaver, was born in Aberdeen, probably on 12 March 1798. He hardly knew his father, who may have been a merchant or an architect. Run over by a...

Stephenson, George (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer

M. W. Kirby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Engineering and Technology; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 5241 words.

Stephenson, George (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer, was born at Wylam, 8 miles from Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Northumberland, on 9 June 1781. He was the second son of...

Watt, James (1769–1848), engineer and manufacturer

Eric H. Robinson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1485 words.

Watt, James (1769–1848), engineer and manufacturer, was born on 5 February 1769 at Glasgow, the son of the engineer James Watt (1736–1819) and his first wife and cousin, Margaret Miller,...

Heaton, Sir John Henniker, first baronet (1848–1914), postal reformer

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Information and Communication Technologies. 761 words.

Heaton, Sir John Henniker, first baronet (1848–1914), postal reformer, was born at Rochester on 18 May 1848, the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Heaton, of Heaton, Lancashire, and his...

Bowden, Sir Frank, first baronet (1848–1921), cycle manufacturer

Andrew Millward.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1275 words.

Bowden, Sir Frank, first baronet (1848–1921), cycle manufacturer, was born on 30 January 1848 in Bristol, the son of William Bowden (d. 1866), a Bristol manufacturer, and his wife, Louise (dnull...

Hillman, William (1848–1921), bicycle and motor vehicle manufacturer

Martin Adeney.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 991 words.

Hillman, William (1848–1921), bicycle and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 13 November 1848 in Chapel Street, Stratford, Essex, the son of William Hillman, a shoemaker in Stratford,...

Oats, Francis (1848–1918), mining engineer and authority on diamonds

Justin Brooke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology. 583 words.

Oats, Francis (1848–1918), mining engineer and authority on diamonds, was born on 24 October 1848 at South Torfrey Farm, Golant, near Fowey, Cornwall, the elder child of Francis Oats...

Paterson [née Smith], Emma Anne (1848–1886), trade unionist

Norbert C. Soldon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1624 words.

Paterson [née Smith], Emma Anne (1848–1886), trade unionist, was born on 5 April 1848 at St Peter's national school house, Belgrave Street, London, the daughter of Henry Smith (d. 1864) and...

Beecham, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1848–1916), manufacturer of patent medicines

T. A. B. Corley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 892 words.

Beecham, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1848–1916), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Wigan on 8 June 1848. He was the eldest of the family of two sons and two daughters of Thomas...

Dorman, Sir Arthur John, first baronet (1848–1931), steel manufacturer

Geoffrey Tweedale.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 827 words.

Dorman, Sir Arthur John, first baronet (1848–1931), steel manufacturer, was born at Ashford, Kent, on 8 August 1848, the son of Charles Dorman, a currier who later became a coal and timber...

Roberts, Sir James, first baronet (1848–1935), mill owner and benefactor

Julia Bolton Holloway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1564 words.

Roberts, Sir James, first baronet (1848–1935), mill owner and benefactor, was born on 30 September 1848 at Lane Ends, Oakworth, near Haworth, Yorkshire, the ninth of the eleven children...

McCulloch, George (1848–1907), mine owner and art collector

Christopher Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Financial Aspects of Art. 886 words.

McCulloch, George (1848–1907), mine owner and art collector, was born on 23 April 1848 in Lanark, the youngest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of James McCulloch...