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André Gide

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1869–1951)

French novelist, essayist, critic, and dramatist. His fiction, interesting both for its formal experimentation and its teasing exploration of sexuality and morality,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bourdil, André

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 395 words.

French, 20th century, male.

Born 11 June 1911, in Pau; died 12 May 1982, in Avignon.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

André Bourdil studied at the...

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Ben Sussan, René

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Book Arts and Illustration; Prints and Printmaking; Greek and Roman Art; 20th-Century Art. 76 words.

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator, engraver (wood), lithographer. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

René Ben Sussan...

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Intimisme

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Art Techniques and Principles; 19th-Century Art. 348 words.

Term applied to paintings depicting everyday life in domestic interiors, usually referring to the work of Pierre Bonnard and Edouard Vuillard. It was first used in the 1890s, although...

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Fridrihsons, Kurts

Mark Allen Svede.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 275 words.

(b Riga, Sept 7, 1911; d Riga, Jan 31, 1991).

Latvian painter. He served as both inspiration and reproach to Latvian artists who pursued their vocations in blind accordance...

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Klossowski, Pierre

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Book Arts and Illustration; Sculpture and Carving; 20th-Century Art. 1121 words.

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 August 1905, in Paris; died 12 August 2001, in Paris.

Draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor, writer. Figure compositions, figures, nudes.

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Motherwell, Robert

Pamela A. Cohen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1810 words.

Motherwell, Robert (24 January 1915–16 July 1991), artist, was born in Aberdeen, Washington, the son of Robert Motherwell II, a banker, and Margaret Hogan. His family moved to California...

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Balthus

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Book Arts and Illustration; Professional Interior Design; 20th-Century Art. 3276 words.

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 February 1908, in Paris; died 18 February 2001, in Rossinière.

Painter (gouache), decorative designer, draughtsman, illustrator. Figure...

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Lynes, George Platt

Jack Woody.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 519 words.

(b East Orange, NJ, April 15, 1907; d New York, Dec 6, 1955).

American photographer. After a visit to Paris in summer 1925 to meet Gertrude Stein and to pursue his interest in...

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Abbott, Berenice

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 853 words.

(b Springfield, OH, July 17, 1898; d Monson, ME, Dec 9, 1991).

American photographer. She spent a term at the Ohio State University in Columbus (1917–18) and then studied...

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Brianchon, Maurice

Alberto Cernuschi.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Graphic Design and Typography; Painting; Performance Art and Dance; Scenography; Book Arts and Illustration; 20th-Century Art. 207 words.

(b Fresnaye-sur-Sarthe, nr Alençon, July 11, 1899; d Paris, March 1, 1979).

French painter, illustrator and stage designer. He studied briefly at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in...

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Balthus

Jean Clair.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Graphic Design and Typography; Painting; Performance Art and Dance; Scenography; Book Arts and Illustration; 20th-Century Art. 1216 words.

[Count Balthazar Klossowski de Rola]

(b Paris, Feb 29, 1908; d Rossimiere, Feb 18, 2001).

French painter, illustrator and stage designer. Appreciated for many years...

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