Oxford Index Search Results

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Bayes x Moral Philosophy x clear all

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Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

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Structural division in the length of a building or roof. The unit within a building between a pair of piers or buttresses; the division of a roof marked by its main trusses.

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 What Doctors Must Know about Medical Practice

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver and K. Danner Clouser.

in Bioethics

March 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 10838 words.

This chapter shows the importance of recognizing the probabilistic nature of medical diagnosis and treatment. It discusses the possibly serious effects of physicians not understanding Bayes...

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Williams on Practical Reason

John Deigh.

in From Psychology to Morality

August 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 13695 words.

Bernard Williams’s controversial view about reasons for action is the topic of this essay. The essay explains Williams’s internalist account of reasons for action as an improvement on...

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Alternative Justifications for Morality

James P. Sterba.

in From Rationality to Equality

December 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 6335 words.

In general, there are three kinds of justifications for morality that must be taken into account before the justification provided in this book can be fully endorsed. First, there is a need...

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Genuine Ethics versus “Folk Morality” in Cyberspace

George Lucas.

in Ethics and Cyber Warfare

January 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy. 10315 words.

Chapter 4 describes the advantages of an authentic “moral point of view” (Kurt Baier) over customary moralities like realism and relativism. Just war doctrine is offered as an example of a...

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Hume’s Construction of Justice

Kenneth R. Westphal.

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 4280 words.

Chapter 3 examines and reconstructs Hume’s account of the basic rules of justice, and how these rules count, on his view, as natural laws. It develops significantly further Baier’s (1991)...

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Rejecting Supernaturalism

Thaddeus Metz.

in Meaning in Life

November 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy. 11458 words.

Chapters 5 through 7 demonstrate that the most promising motivation for holding any form of supernaturalism is the perfection thesis that meaning requires engagement with a maximally...

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Contradiction, convergence and the knowledge economy: the confluence of academic and commercial biotechnology

Steven Peter Vallas and Daniel Lee Kleinman.

in Socio-Economic Review

April 2008; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Corporate Social Responsibility; Welfare Economics; Political Economy; Economic Sociology. 11221 words.

Efforts to understand the structure of the emerging knowledge economy have paid particular attention to the shifting boundary between academic and commercial (for-profit) research,...

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Inductive Reasoning

John M. Vickers.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 9503 words.

Well into the 20th century, inductive reasoning and the concomitant problem of its justification concerned what is now known as universal inference—inference from instances (a is black and...