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bay

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

[Ge]

Structural division in the length of a building or roof. The unit within a building between a pair of piers or buttresses; the division of a roof marked by its main trusses.

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Chesapeake Bay

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

January 2010; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics. 1221 words.

Chesapeake Bay is the United States’ largest estuary. Some of the earliest colonists built settlements along the bay. The bay has played an important role in the history of the...

payload bay

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Alternative name for the cargo bay of a spacecraft.

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payload bay

E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 11 words.

Alternative name for the cargo bay of a spacecraft.

cant bay

Christopher Gorse, David Johnston and Martin Pritchard.

in A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

January 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 20 words.

The angled profile of brickwork used to form a bay window, see cant.

Bayes's theorem

Graham Upton and Ian Cook.

in A Dictionary of Statistics

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 182 words.

A simple form of Bayes's theorem is P(A|B)=P(A)P(

Bayes’ Theorem

Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey.

in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners

May 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biomathematics and Statistics. 2622 words.

This chapter focuses on Bayes’ Theorem. The chapter first gives a brief introduction to Thomas Bayes, who first formulated the theorem. It then builds on the content presented in Chapters 1...

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equipment bay

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

An area of a spacecraft used to house permanent equipment or to carry temporary scientific equipment. A space shuttle has three avionics equipment bays (two forward, one aft) on its...

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Bayer letters

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The system of identifying stars in a constellation by Greek letters according to their approximate order of brightness. They were introduced in 1603 by J. Bayer in his star atlas Uranometrianull...

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equipment bay

Edited by Stephen O'Meara and E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

P ublished online July 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 113 words.

An area of a spacecraft used to house permanent equipment or to carry temporary scientific equipment. A space shuttle has three avionics equipment bays (two forward, one aft) on its...

Bayer, Johann

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 180 words.

(1572–1625) German astronomer

Born in Rhain in Germany, Bayer was a lawyer by profession. In 1603 he published Uranometria, the most complete catalog of pretelescopic astronomy. To...

Johann Bayer

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1572–1625)

Germanlawyer and astronomer. In his star atlas Uranometria (1603) he allocated Greek letters to the main stars in each constellation, usually in order of brightness,...

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Baily's beads

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A phenomenon seen immediately before or after totality in a solar eclipse, when sunlight shines through valleys along the Moon's limb. The appearance is like a curved string of pearls. It...

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Francis Baily

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1774–1844) English stockbroker and astronomer. In 1826 he produced a catalogue containing highly accurate positions for 2881 stars. His published account of an annular eclipse he observed...

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cargo bay

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

An area of a spacecraft used to store satellites, payloads, and other equipment. On the space shuttle, the area can be viewed from the crew station through two large windows, and is 18 m in...

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Bayes factor

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics.

A measure of the evidence provided by the data, D, in favour of model M 1 as opposed to model M 2. The Bayes factor is B, given by . The value of B may be assessed...

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Bayes theorem

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Psychology.

A simple form of Bayes's theorem is , where A′ denotes the complementary event (see sample space) to the event A. For example, suppose a man has two coins in his pocket. One is unbiased,...

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Bayes linear kinematics and Bayes linear Bayes graphical models

Michael Goldstein and Simon C. Shaw.

in Biometrika

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Probability kinematics (Jeffrey, 1965, 1983) furnishes a method for revising a prior probability specification based upon new probabilities over a partition. We develop a corresponding Bayes...

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Baily, Francis Gibson

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics. 215 words.

MA, FRSE, MIEE

Born 18 March 1868; s of Walter Baily, MA, and Mary Ann Gibson; m 1899, Margaret Naismith Osborne Pagan; one s; died 23 Feb. 1945

Professor...

Daya Bay Experiment

Edited by Jonathan Law and Richard Rennie.

in A Dictionary of Physics

January 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics. 86 words.

An international experiment to study the properties of neutrinos, based in Daya Bay, China. The experiment has succeeded in accurately

Bayes' theorem n.

Andrew M. Colman.

in A Dictionary of Psychology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 145 words.

In statistics, a theorem, easily proved from Bayes' rule, expressing the conditional probability of an event H given an