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Caspian Sea

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History.

Named after the ancient Caspii who lived on its southwestern shores, the Caspian is the world’s largest inland body of water. Geographically it is a lake, but it is big ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Caspian Sea

Eric Herbert Warmington.

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 257 words.

(Κασπία θάλασσα, also called ‘Hyrcanian’ from Hyrcania, mod. Gurgan, the area at its SE corner). This large and brackish inland

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Caspian Sea

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 245 words.

(Κασπία θάλασσα, also called ‘Hyrcanian’ from Hyrcania, mod. Gurgan, the area at its SE corner). This large and brackish inland water was correctly described by Herodotus (1. 202) as a...

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Caucasus

David C. Braund.

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 156 words.

a mountain range from the Black (Euxine) Sea to the Caspian. The Main Caucasus lies to the

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Media

Helen Sancisi-Weerdenburg.

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 395 words.

the country of the Medes, was situated in mountainous country south-west of the Caspian Sea. The Medes spoke a

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Media

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 425 words.

the country of the Medes, was situated in mountainous country south-west of the *Caspian Sea. The Medes spoke a language akin to ...

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Media

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The country of the Medes, was situated in mountainous country south-west of the Caspian Sea. The Medes spoke a language akin to Old Persian. Fragments of the language (as either ...

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Caucasus

in The Oxford Classical Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Studies. 157 words.

a mountain range from the Black (*Euxine) Sea to the *Caspian. The Main Caucasus lies to the north, the Lesser Caucasus to the south: they are joined by the Likhi mountains which separate...

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Tabarestan

in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Late Antiquity. 225 words.

Mountainous region in northern Iran bordering the Caspian Sea. Called Tapuristan during the *Sasanian period, renamed Mazandaran from the ...

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Parthia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

An ancient Asian kingdom to the south-east of the Caspian Sea, which from c. 250 bc to c. 230 ad ruled an empire stretching from the Euphrates to the Indus, with Ecbatana as its capital....

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Medes

Edited by M. C. Howatson.

in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Literature. 162 words.

Media, mountainous country south-west of the Caspian Sea, for a century the heartland of a Median empire whose capital was

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A'ttila (known as Etzel in medieval German saga)

Edited by M. C. Howatson.

in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical Literature. 69 words.

King of the Huns ad 435–53; he ruled an empire stretching from the Alps to the Caspian Sea. In

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Gorgan

in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Late Antiquity. 144 words.

Province of the *Persian Empire, located south-east of the Caspian Sea, between Mazandaran and *Khorasan, largely coterminous with ancient Hyrcania. ...

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Derbent

in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Late Antiquity. 165 words.

A strategic fortress and pass in the north of medieval Caucasian *Albania, located on a narrow strip of land between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasian range. Together with the ...

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Ōcěanus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A circumambient ocean‐river, the final destination of all streams, predates Greek and Roman culture, appears in Homer and Hesiod, and was confirmed by geographical theory: the accessible...

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Iranian Nomads in the Achaemenid, Seleucid, and Arsacid Periods

D. T. Potts.

in Nomadism in Iran

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology. 16037 words.

Herodotus identified a number of Persian tribes as nomads, distinguishing them from others that were agriculturalists. These and other tribes are mentioned in the works of the Alexander...

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