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Caspian Sea

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History.

Named after the ancient Caspii who lived on its southwestern shores, the Caspian is the world’s largest inland body of water. Geographically it is a lake, but it is big ...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Trans-Caspian pipeline: implications for the five littoral states

Bryce A. Cason.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

October 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 4750 words.

Central Asia is strategically located at the crossroads of many natural gas production and consumption regions. Historically isolated because of lack of infrastructure and Soviet control,...

Contractual and Treaty Arrangements Supporting Large European Transboundary Pipeline Projects: Can Adequate Human Rights and Environmental Protection Be Secured?

Catherine Redgwell.

in Energy Networks and the Law

February 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 9153 words.

This chapter analyses the complex interplay of private contractual and treaty arrangements supporting large energy infrastructure projects and the extent to which, and how effectively,...

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The making of empires: Russia’s gas-exporting pipelines v Nabucco

J.D. Aleksei Tarasov.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

March 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 5363 words.

Russia’s most recent energy initiatives, the construction of the Nord Stream pipeline across the Baltic and the South Stream pipeline across the Black Sea, have prompted a great deal of...

Legal issues in cross-border resource development

George Burn, Tim Tyler, John Zadkovich and James Loftis.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

April 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 9797 words.

This article reviews the law applicable to boundary determinations and observes that this legal framework does not provide sufficient guidance for parties involved in development of subsoil...

The European Union and its energy security challenges

Rafael Leal-Arcas, Juan Alemany Ríos and Costantino Grasso.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 23413 words.

Energy security remains a vital issue for the European Union (EU), even more so in the wake of the events that unfolded in early 2014 in Ukraine. The EU’s already fragile position in the...

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Kazakhstan further stiffens its mineral development regime – New controls for strategic fields and pipelines

Jonathan Hines, Aset Shyngyssov and Klara Nurgazieva.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

July 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 5845 words.

Foreign direct investment mechanisms and review of Iran’s buy-back contracts: how far has Iran gone and how far may it go?

Maximilian Kuhn and Mohammadjavad Jannatifar.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

September 2012; p ublished online August 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 13546 words.

For political reasons, Iran’s role in global energy politics is constantly declining as three decades of internal divisions, coupled with crippling international sanctions, have left Iran...

The Southern Gas Corridor: legal and regulatory developments in major gas transit pipeline projects

Nurlan Mustafayev.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

October 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 10922 words.

The Southern Gas Corridor project has been designed to bring natural gas from Azerbaijan to European markets, crossing six transit countries. The cost of the overall project, including...

Production-sharing agreements in the petroleum industry of Azerbaijan

Nurlan Mustafayev.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 10383 words.

After becoming independent in 1991 Azerbaijan has signed more than 30 production sharing agreements (PSAs) with international oil companies (IOCs), attracting more than $55 billion foreign...

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An ambitious yet realistic roadmap to virtually eliminate gas flaring and venting in Kazakhstan

Alibek Nurbekov and Alexander Van de Putte.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

December 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 9952 words.

Associated petroleum gas (APG), also known as associated gas or flared gas, was for many years considered to be an ‘unwanted by-product’ of oil production. APG is the natural gas that comes...

International Competition for Resources: The Role of Law, the State and of Markets

Kim Talus.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

November 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 1965 words.

The pursuit of stability in international energy investment contracts: A critical appraisal of the emerging trends

A.F.M. Maniruzzaman.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

July 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 21402 words.

Kazakhstan petroleum industry 2008–2010: trends of resource nationalism policy?

Kuanysh Sarsenbayev.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

December 2011; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 4654 words.

A resource nationalism policy is a concept that emerged in the 20th century, the era of oil and decolonization. The first wave of resource nationalism took place in 1930s in Latin American...

Russia’s gas challenge: the consequences for China, Central Asia, Europe and the USA*

John Roberts.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

April 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 11360 words.

Russia is posing a series of challenges to gas consumers and gas producers alike. But the effectiveness of these challenges remains a matter of considerable debate. Overall, prospective...

Institutional trends in Russia’s oil and gas sectors

Andrei V. Belyi.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

September 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 7200 words.

This article analyses Russia’s institutional dynamics in the hydrocarbon sectors. Both the oil and gas sectors have experienced a certain degree of decentralization, which has been...

The fragmented governance of the global energy economy: a legal-institutional analysis

Rafael Leal-Arcas and Andrew Filis.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

December 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 31948 words.

The objective of this article is to promote global energy security by evaluating the existing patchwork of institutions and processes linked to the governance of the global energy economy....

Changing fiscal landscape

Daniel Johnston.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

May 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 10803 words.

Managing environmental and social risks in international oil and gas projects: Perspectives on compliance

Jay Wagner and Kit Armstrong.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

July 2010; p ublished online July 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 12431 words.

Cross-border oil and gas pipeline risk and sustainable mitigations

Thomas J. Dimitroff.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

January 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 20341 words.

Global demand for internationally traded oil and gas is increasing. In order to meet this increasing demand, oil and gas transportation, including by cross-border pipeline, is clearly...

Offshore natural gas resources in the eastern Mediterranean in relation to the European Union: a legal perspective through the lenses of MedReg

Paolo Davide Farah and Riccardo Tremolada.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

December 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 13008 words.

The Leviathan natural gas field has become a significant energy source for surrounding states in the eastern Mediterranean such as Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Israel, Jordan and Turkey....