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DNA fingerprint x Mathematics x clear all

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DNA fingerprint

Overview page. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation.

A set of DNA-based characters which are in a combination unique, or nearly so, to an individual organism. See also satellite DNA.

See overview in Oxford Index

biometric identification system

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A system which uses some physical human characteristic to determine the identity of the user of a computer system. Typical characteristics that have been used include: typing...

See overview in Oxford Index

Individualization is dead, long live individualization! Reforms of reporting practices for fingerprint analysis in the United States

Simon A. Cole.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 17411 words.

Individualization, the claim to be able to reduce the potential donor pool of a forensic trace to a single source, has long been criticized. This criticism was echoed by a 2009 U.S....

Measuring heterogeneity in forensic databases using hierarchical Bayes models

KATHRYN ROEDER, MICHAEL ESCOBAR, JOSEPH B. KADANE and IVAN BALAZS.

in Biometrika

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

As currently defined, DNA fingerprint profiles do not uniquely identify individuals. For criminal cases involving DNA evidence, forensic scientists evaluate the conditional probability that...

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Rotationally invariant statistics for examining the evidence from the pores in fingerprints

N. R. Parsons, J. Q. Smith, E. Thönnes, L Wang and RG Wilson.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2008; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Recent methodological advances in the processing of DNA evidence have begun to force a closer examination of assertions about the strength of other sorts of evidence. One traditional source...

biometrics

Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Pure Mathematics. 123 words.

Individual characteristics of human beings are often sufficiently distinctive as to allow them to be used for the purposes of identification, often in combination to reduce the likelihood...

Forensic intelligence and crime analysis

O. Ribaux, A. Girod, S. J. Walsh, P. Margot, S. Mizrahi and V. Clivaz.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2003; p ublished online March 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Computerized databases have been developed in forensic science to provide intelligence for the investigator. For example, automated fingerprint identification systems (AFIS) and DNA...

Rethinking the role of the image in justice: visual evidence and science in the trial process

David Tait.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2007; p ublished online November 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Visual displays are increasingly important for presenting scientific evidence in the trial process. This paper engages with some of the arguments of Mnookin, Solomon and Feigenson in...