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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Surrealism and the past: Fernando Arrabal and the Spanish Civil War

Archibald David.

in The war that won't die

November 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 7333 words.

This chapter looks at Paris, the exiled residence of Fernando Arrabal, and at two films that Arrabal directed, ¡Viva La Muerte!/Long Live Death! and L'arbre de Guernica/The Tree of Guernicanull...

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The Persona

András Bálint Kovács.

in The Cinema of Béla Tarr

May 2013; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 7472 words.

This chapter focuses on the career of Béla Tarr. Tarr was born in Pécs, in southern Hungary, in 1955. For his fourteenth birthday he received an 8mm camera from his father which started his...

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Devine, Andy

Arthur F. McClure.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Film. 978 words.

Devine, Andy (07 October 1905–18 February 1977), movie and television actor, was born Andrew Devine in Flagstaff, Arizona, the son of Tom Devine and Amy Ward, the owners of a local hotel....

Twenty-Seven

Sherri Snyder.

in Barbara La Marr

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 2703 words.

This chapter chronicles various scandals, sparked by the disclosure of Barbara’s past during Herman Roth’s trial, that signal a shift in both public attitude toward Barbara and her...

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Epilogue

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer.

in Flickering Empire

January 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 3427 words.

This chapter discusses the later fortunes and careers of the major players in Chicago's original motion-picture scene. George Kleine went into semi-retirement after the outbreak of World...

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Alternative Perspectives/Alternative Cinemas:

Roger Garcia, John Woo and Jessica Hagedorn.

in Hong Kong Screenscapes

November 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 6759 words.

The international scope of Hong Kong's alternative cinema scene comes into sharp focus in this conversation with Roger Garcia, John Woo, and award-winning novelist, playwright, and...

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“The Emperor of Film”

Richard J. Meyer.

in Jin Yan

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 7060 words.

In the 1930s, Lianhua studios had the money to make films and had the finest talent in world cinema. Sun Yu, although ill, decided to begin filming Yecao Xianhua (Wild Flower), which he had...

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The Slow Martyrdom of Alfred Barr

Robert Sitton.

in Lady in the Dark

April 2014; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 5190 words.

This chapter focuses on the professional difficulties of Museum of Modern Art director Alfred Barr, which began as early as 1937. Barr's position was never totally secure and authorities...

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Mr. Rockefeller’s Office

Robert Sitton.

in Lady in the Dark

April 2014; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 5135 words.

This chapter details Nelson Rockefeller's appointment as the government's Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs at the outset of World War II. In its broadest aspects the Office of the...

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New York and London

Robert Sitton.

in Lady in the Dark

April 2014; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 1277 words.

This chapter describes Iris Barry's visits to London and New York in the 1960s. The past few years had seen a steady deterioration of her relationship with Pierre Kerroux, who continued to...

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Falling Fruit

Alan K. Rode.

in Michael Curtiz

November 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 8625 words.

Curtiz finished Marked Woman for Lloyd Bacon and directed Mountain Justice, a fact-based drama about the Edith Maxwell murder case, followed by Kid Galahad, an all-star Warner melodrama....

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Dogma Brothers: Lars Von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg

Shohini Chaudhuri.

in New Punk Cinema

May 2005; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 6806 words.

This chapter argues that the significance and impact of Dogma 95 goes much further than questions of ‘national’ cinema. As a filmmaking agenda it is indeed pioneering and empowering for...

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Chaplin in Chicago

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer.

in Flickering Empire

January 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 5356 words.

This chapter examines the work of Charlie Chaplin for the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company in Chicago. Chaplin was miserable with Essanay by the time he commenced work for the studio on...

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The Hearings of 1947

Reynold Humphries.

in Hollywood's Blacklists

September 2008; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 13023 words.

The implications of the congressional hearings that took place in Washington in October 1947 and which were to usher in a period of fear, betrayal and a concerted attack on civil liberties...

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The Grierson Testament, 1969–71

Gary Evans.

in The Major Realist Film Theorists

June 2016; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Film. 7101 words.

From 1969 to 1971, documentary film movement pioneer and founder John Grierson spent his sunset years at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. During that time, the Canadian Radio and...

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Lady in the Dark

Robert Sitton.

April 2014; p ublished online November 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Film. 496 pages.

Iris Barry (1895–1969) was a pivotal modern figure and one of the first intellectuals to treat film as an art form, appreciating its far-reaching, transformative power. Although she had the...

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Adler, Luther

Shawn Smith.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Film; Theatre. 1563 words.

Adler, Luther (04 May 1903–08 December 1984), stage, film, and television actor, was born in New York City, the son of Jacob Pavlovich Adler, founder of the American Yiddish theater...

Browne, Maurice

Melissa Vickery-Bareford.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Film; Theatre. 1364 words.

Browne, Maurice (12 February 1881–21 January 1955), actor, director, and producer, was born in Reading, England, the son of Frederick Herbert Browne, a distinguished teacher, and...

Logan, Joshua

James Fisher.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Plays and Playwrights); Film; Theatre. 1318 words.

Logan, Joshua (05 October 1908–12 July 1988), director, producer, playwright, lyricist, and actor, was born Joshua Lockwood Logan in Texarkana, Texas. His lumberman father, Joshua Lockwood...

Biggar [married name Montlake], Helen Manson (1909–1953), sculptor, film-maker, theatre designer, and political activist

Douglas J. Allen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Theatre; Art Forms; Sculpture and Carving; Film. 887 words.

Biggar [married name Montlake], Helen Manson (1909–1953), sculptor, film-maker, theatre designer, and political activist, was born on 25 May 1909 at Dudley Drive, Hyndland, Glasgow, the...