Oxford Index Search Results

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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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What Can Contemporary Philosophy Learn from our ‘Scientific Philosophy’ Heritage?

Mark Wilson.

in Scientific Metaphysics

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 12347 words.

The great nineteenth-century founders of ‘scientific philosophy’ were suspicious of traditionalist views of ‘conceptual content’, believing that worthy notions in science needed to be...

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Exemplars

Linda Zagzebski.

in Exemplarist Moral Theory

April 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 16082 words.

This chapter illustrates the methodology of exemplarism by discussing particular exemplars in each of three categories: Leopold Socha, Holocaust rescuer, in the category of hero; Jean...

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Sensorama

Michael Pelczar.

March 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Metaphysics. 256 pages.

How does the modern scientific conception of time constrain the project of assigning the mind its proper place in nature? On the scientific conception, it makes no sense to speak of the...

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Logic and Metaphysics in Early Analytic Philosophy

Michael Beaney.

in Categories of Being

July 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 17663 words.

The emergence of analytic philosophy has often been seen as inaugurating a linguistic turn in philosophy, a turn with anti-metaphysical implications. If we look at the work of the four...

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The Abyss of Judgment

Geoffrey Bennington.

in Kant on the Frontier

May 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 25921 words.

Judgment would be the faculty of the frontier. A detailed reading of the introduction to the Critique of Judgment and of the Critique of Teleological Judgment shows Kant developing a...

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Pollockian Quasi‐Internalism

Alvin Plantinga.

in Warrant: The Current Debate

July 1993; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 11371 words.

In this chapter, I examine John Pollock's conception of warrant, as developed in his article “Epistemic Norms” and his book Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. I argue that his official...

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The Predicate of Existence

Palle Yourgrau.

in Death and Nonexistence

July 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy; Metaphysics. 7510 words.

Kant famously declared that existence is not a (real) predicate. This famous dictum has been seen as echoed in the doctrine of the founders of modern logic, Gottlob Frege and Bertrand...

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Cambridge Pragmatism

Cheryl Misak.

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Book. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics. 368 pages.

Pragmatism, the home-grown philosophy of America, thinks of truth not as a static relation between a sentence and the believer-independent world, but rather, as a belief that is in some way...

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Leucippus's Atomism

Daniel W. Graham.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 9584 words.

The founder of atomic theory, according to Aristotle and Theophrastus, is Leucippus. His very existence has been called into question. Three of the best minds of nineteenth-century...

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Character and Consistency: Still More Errors

Gopal Sreenivasan.

in Mind

July 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

This paper continues a debate among philosophers concerning the implications of situationist experiments in social psychology for the theory of virtue. In a previous paper (2002), I argued...

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Auguste Comte

Michael Bourdeau.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6796 words.

Auguste Comte (b. 1798–d. 1857) is the founder of positivist philosophy: he coined the term positivism, a word he understood to mean not only a philosophy of science, but also a political...

A consistent relativism

S Hales.

in Mind

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

Relativism is one of the most tenacious theories about truth, with a pedigree as old as philosophy itself. Nearly as ancient is the chief criticism of relativism, namely the charge that the...

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Imre Lakatos

Brendan Larvor and Colin Jakob Rittberg.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7820 words.

Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) was a philosopher of mathematics and science. Having left Hungary in 1956, he made his first appearance on the international stage with a series of four papers...

Gottlob Frege

Michael Beaney.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21470 words.

Gottlob Frege (b. 1848–d. 1925) was a German mathematician, logician, and philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy—together with...

Samuel Alexander

Emily Thomas.

in Philosophy

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 4111 words.

Samuel Alexander (b. 1859–d. 1938) was one of the leading proponents of British emergentism, an early-20th-century movement best known for its thesis that mind “emerges” from body. Fellow...

Bertrand Russell

Nicholas Griffin.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21325 words.

Bertrand Russell (b. 1872–d. 1970) was arguably the most important philosopher of the 20th century. He was one of the main founders of what came to be known as analytic philosophy, which...

Animal Rights

Mark Rowlands.

in Philosophy

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8154 words.

The expression “animal rights” is employed in two different ways: one broad, the other narrow. When employed in the broad sense—animal rights with a small “r”—the claim that animals possess...