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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Assisi

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 789 words.

An Italian hill town in Umbria, in Central Italy, associated with *S. Francis, the founder of the *Franciscan Order...

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Dominic, Saint (1170/5–1221)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 596 words.

was canonized in 1234 after an exceptionally short interval, like his contemporary and fellow founder of an Order, *S. Francis...

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Bonaventura (Bonaventure), Saint (1218/21–74)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 493 words.

the ‘Second Founder’ of the *Franciscans, was the contemporary of *S. Thomas Aquinas, and his equal as a theologian. A painting by ...

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Clare of Assisi, Saint (1193/4–1253)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 240 words.

Founder of the Poor Clares, or Second Order of *S. Francis. She was born in Assisi and joined San Francis in his work there. In ...

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Japhet

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 33 words.

was the third son of *Noah (see shem). His sons were the legendary founders of the Northern races, from the Caspian Sea westwards (Gen. chs. 5–9)....

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Philip Neri, Saint (1515–95)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 386 words.

founder of the *Oratory, was born in Florence. Little is known of his early years; what schooling he had was from the Dominicans of San Marco. In ...

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Norbert, Saint (1080–1134))

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 68 words.

Archbishop of Magdeburg in Germany and founder of the *Premonstratensian Canons (‘Norbertines’, White Canons). He was active in N. France as an itinerant preacher, and founded his Order ...

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Luther, Martin (1483–1546)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 939 words.

was the founder of the Reformation. He came of peasant stock in Saxony, received a good education, and went to Erfurt University in ...

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Overbeck, Friedrich (1789–1869)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 120 words.

was one of the founders of the *Nazarener. With his friend Pforr he founded the Lukasbrüderschaft (Brotherhood of S. Luke, patron of painters) in Vienna in ...

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Ignatius Loyola, Saint (1491–1556)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 401 words.

was the founder of the *Jesuits (Societas Jesu). He was the son of a minor Spanish nobleman, destined for a secular career, but he was wounded in the siege of Pamplona in ...

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Bruno, Saint (1032–1101)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 288 words.

was the founder of the *Carthusian Order. Bruno was born in Cologne and taught in the famous school of Rheims for some twenty years, where his pupils included the future ...

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Nicholas V, Pope

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 262 words.

Tommaso Parentucelli (1397–1455) was the first humanist pope and the founder of the Vatican Library. He was in Florence in the 1420s before going to Rome in ...

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Theatines

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 58 words.

The Clerks Regular of Divine Providence, an austere religious Order, founded in Rome in 1524 to combat the abuses which were giving rise to Protestantism. One of the founders was G. P....

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Ham

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 54 words.

was *Noah's second son. In the OT, Gen. 9: 23–7, Ham mocked his father's nakedness when he found him drunk and Noah cursed him: ‘a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren’. His...

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Francis Xavier, Saint (1506–52)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 237 words.

was one of the founders of the *Jesuits and, like *S. Ignatius Loyola himself, a Spaniard. He is also called the Apostle of the Indies, on account of his enormously successful missions in...

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Francis of Assisi, Saint (1181/2–1226)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 1166 words.

The founder of the *Franciscan order, S. Francis is certainly the most popular saint in the West, after the Apostolic period, and the influence of his Order is equally great. He was the...

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Acta Sanctorum

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 135 words.

In general, the lives and deeds of saints; specifically, the vast volumes (64 so far, from 1643 to the present) published by a small group of Jesuit scholars working in Belgium. They are...

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Benedict of Nursia, Saint (480–c.547/50)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 507 words.

founder of the Benedictine Order and ‘Patriarch of Western Monasticism’, was born in what is now Norcia, near Spoleto in Italy. He studied briefly in Rome before withdrawing to Subiaco,...

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Antony Abbot, Saint (c.251/2–356)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 545 words.

was born in Egypt. His Life was written by S. Athanasius, a contemporary. He retired to the desert c.285, but other hermits came to him and he is thus considered as the founder of...

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Paul the Hermit, Saint (230–342)

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

January 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art. 326 words.

was an Egyptian of birth and education, who fled into the desert of Thebes when he was 22 to escape the persecution under the Emperor Decian, and stayed there until his death at about 90...

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