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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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De Boubers, Jean-Louis

Marie Cornaz.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 307 words.

(b Lille, June 8, 1731; d Brussels, July 30, 1804). French bookseller, printer and type founder, active in the southern Netherlands. Born into a family of printers, he was the son of...

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Schetky [Shetky], J(ohn) George

Anne Dhu McLucas.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 360 words.

(b Edinburgh, June 1, 1776; d Philadelphia, Dec 11, 1831). American cellist, teacher, composer and music publisher of Scottish birth. He was the son of the Edinburgh cellist and...

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Forkel, Johann Nicolaus

George B. Stauffer.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 2104 words.

(b Meeder, nr Coburg, Feb 22, 1749; d March 20, 1818). German music historian, theorist and bibliographer. He is generally regarded as one of the founders of modern musicology.

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Lee, Samuel

Brian Boydell.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 250 words.

(b ?Dublin; d Dublin, Feb 21, 1776). Irish publisher, music seller and violinist. He was one of the most prominent and active musicians in Dublin during the 1750s and 60s. In 1745 he was...

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Arquier [D’Arquier], Joseph

Michel Noiray.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 350 words.

(b Toulon, 1763; d Bordeaux, Oct 1816). French composer. He went to Paris in 1790 or 1791, attracted by the proliferation of theatres following the abolition of the privilege system....

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Young family

Olive Baldwin.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 1844 words.

English family of musicians . Six singers known as ‘Miss Young’ ((3)–(8) below) sang professionally under their maiden names until their marriages and sometimes afterwards.

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Quesnel, (Louis) Joseph

Helmut Kallmann.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 410 words.

(Marie)

(b Saint Malo, Nov 15, 1746; d Montreal, July 3, 1809). Canadian composer, playwright and poet of French birth. After visiting several exotic countries as a young sailor,...

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Ruprecht, (Josef) Martin

Peter Branscombe.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 468 words.

[?Stephan]

(b ?Vienna, c1758; d Vienna, June 7, 1800). Austrian composer and tenor. He was a member of Katherina Schindler’s troupe that gave a guest season at the...

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Ebner, Leopold Ignacije

Lovro Županović.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 346 words.

(b Varaždin, Oct 22, 1769; d Varaždin, Dec 11, 1830). Croatian composer of Austrian origin. The son of an Austrian organist, Ignacije Antun Ebner (1733–75), he probably studied with the...

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Riedt, Friedrich Wilhelm

Howard Serwer.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 495 words.

(b Berlin, Jan 5, 1710; d Berlin, Jan 5, 1783). German flautist, writer on music and composer. Like his father, he was a keeper of the silver (Silberdiener) in the service of Frederick the...

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Verheyen, Pierre

Henri Vanhulst.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 347 words.

(Emmanuel)

(b Ghent, 1750; d Ghent, Jan 11, 1819). Flemish composer and singer. As a choirboy at St Baaf Cathedral, Ghent, he took his music lessons with the organist J.J....

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Wodiczka, Wenceslaus

Camillo Schoenbaum.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 588 words.

[Wenzl] [Vodička, Václav]

(b Bohemia, 1715–20; d Munich, bur. July 1, 1774). Violinist and composer, of Bohemian descent. He was a bondsman in Bohemia of Count Franz Xaver...

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Viotti, Giovanni Battista

Chappell White.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 4588 words.

(b Fontanetto da Po, May 12, 1755; d London, March 3, 1824). Italian violinist and composer. He was the most influential violinist between Tartini and Paganini and the last great...

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Ross, John

Roger B. Williams.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 667 words.

(bap. Newcastle upon Tyne, Feb 1764; d Aberdeen, July 27, 1837). Scottish composer and organist. The son of a bottle maker, he showed early musical talent, playing the violin when only...

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Overend, Marmaduke

Jamie C. Kassler.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 508 words.

(bur. Isleworth, Middlesex, June 25, 1790). ?English organist, theorist and composer. According to Fétis, Overend was born in Wales, although this is not verified by later biographers....

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Baumgarten, Alexander Gottlieb

George J. Buelow.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music of the Classical Period. 502 words.

(b Berlin, June 17, 1714; d Frankfurt an der Oder, May 26, 1762). German philosopher. The founder of aesthetics as a subdiscipline of philosophy, he was the son of a military chaplain...

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Crehore, Benjamin

Cynthia Adams Hoover.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music; Music of the Classical Period. 356 words.

(b Milton, MA, ?Feb 18, 1765; d Milton, Oct 14, 1831). American maker of string and keyboard instruments. He was especially noted for his pianos (which he was making by the 1790s), and...

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Astor

Niall O’Loughlin.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music; Music of the Classical Period; Contemporary Music. 532 words.

English and American firm of instrument makers, publishers and dealers. The two founders were the sons of Jacob Astor, a merchant of Mannheim. George [Georg] (Peter) Astor (b Waldorf...

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Pfretzschner

Enrico Weller.

in Oxford Music Online

December 2014; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music; Contemporary Music; Baroque Music; Music of the Classical Period; Romantic Music. 470 words.

German family of violin, bow, and string makers and instrument dealers, active in Markneukirchen (birth and death dates here refer to Markneukirchen). Among the best-known violin...

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