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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Opening (2003)

Jacques Derrida.

in For Strasbourg

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 11152 words.

This chapter is a transcription of the opening session, on 4 November 2003, of three days of celebration marking the twenty year anniversary of the International College of Philosophy, of...

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Worries about Rules and Representations

Peter Ludlow.

in The Philosophy of Generative Linguistics

February 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 13991 words.

This chapter takes on philosophical worries that have been lodged against rules and representations (e.g. by Quine) and rule following (e.g. in Kripke's reconstruction of Wittgenstein's...

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German Philosophy of Language

Michael N. Forster.

April 2011; p ublished online May 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 364 pages.

The author presents a ground-breaking study of German philosophy of language in the nineteenth century (and beyond). His previous book, After Herder, showed that the eighteenth-century...

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Friedrich Schlegel

Michael N. Forster.

in German Philosophy of Language

April 2011; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 16159 words.

This chapter focuses on Friedrich Schlegel, the main founder of German Romanticism. Schlegel made groundbreaking contributions to the theory of language, hermeneutics, and general...

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Wilhelm von Humboldt

Michael N. Forster.

in German Philosophy of Language

April 2011; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 10892 words.

This chapter focuses on Wilhelm von Humboldt, a founder of linguistics. It provides an overview of Humboldt's life and thought. He knew most of the leading intellectuals of his time...

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Transcendence and the Concrete

Jean Wahl.

Edited by Alan D. Schrift and Ian Alexander Moore.

November 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Philosophy of Language. 304 pages.

Jean Wahl’s influence on French philosophical thought can hardly be overestimated. About him, Emmanuel Levinas wrote that “during over a half century of teaching and research, [Jean Wahl]...

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Philosophical Contributions to the Birth of Linguistics and Anthropology

Michael N. Forster.

in Herder's Philosophy

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language. 21264 words.

This chapter argues that Herder contributed the fundamental philosophical principles that enabled the birth of two major new academic disciplines that we today take for granted: linguistics...

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Reprise

Paul M. Pietroski.

in Conjoining Meanings

April 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind. 7684 words.

This chapter summarizes the main themes. Humans naturally acquire generative procedures that connect meanings with pronunciations. These meanings are neither concepts nor extensions....

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Character and Consistency: Still More Errors

Gopal Sreenivasan.

in Mind

July 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

This paper continues a debate among philosophers concerning the implications of situationist experiments in social psychology for the theory of virtue. In a previous paper (2002), I argued...

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Auguste Comte

Michael Bourdeau.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6796 words.

Auguste Comte (b. 1798–d. 1857) is the founder of positivist philosophy: he coined the term positivism, a word he understood to mean not only a philosophy of science, but also a political...

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A consistent relativism

S Hales.

in Mind

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

Relativism is one of the most tenacious theories about truth, with a pedigree as old as philosophy itself. Nearly as ancient is the chief criticism of relativism, namely the charge that the...

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Imre Lakatos

Brendan Larvor and Colin Jakob Rittberg.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7820 words.

Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) was a philosopher of mathematics and science. Having left Hungary in 1956, he made his first appearance on the international stage with a series of four papers...

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Gottlob Frege

Michael Beaney.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21470 words.

Gottlob Frege (b. 1848–d. 1925) was a German mathematician, logician, and philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy—together with...

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Samuel Alexander

Emily Thomas.

in Philosophy

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 4111 words.

Samuel Alexander (b. 1859–d. 1938) was one of the leading proponents of British emergentism, an early-20th-century movement best known for its thesis that mind “emerges” from body. Fellow...

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Bertrand Russell

Nicholas Griffin.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21325 words.

Bertrand Russell (b. 1872–d. 1970) was arguably the most important philosopher of the 20th century. He was one of the main founders of what came to be known as analytic philosophy, which...

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Animal Rights

Mark Rowlands.

in Philosophy

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8154 words.

The expression “animal rights” is employed in two different ways: one broad, the other narrow. When employed in the broad sense—animal rights with a small “r”—the claim that animals possess...

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