Oxford Index Search Results

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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Struve, Otto

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 454 words.

(1897–1963) Russian–American astronomer

Struve, who was born at Kharkov in Russia, came from a long line of distinguished astronomers, being the great grandson of its founder ...

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Hope, Thomas Charles

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 172 words.

(1766–1844) British chemist

Hope's father, John Hope, was a professor of botany at Edinburgh University and founder of the new Edinburgh botanic gardens. ...

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Houssay, Bernardo Alberto

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 206 words.

(1887–1971) Argentinian physiologist

Born in the Argentinian capital, Houssay was the founder and director of the Buenos Aires Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine. He...

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Mariotte, Edmé

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 143 words.

(c.1620–1684) French physicist

Mariotte was born at Dijon in France. A priest, he was prior of Saint-Martin-sous-Beaune and also a founder member of the French Academy of...

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Herophilus of Chalcedon

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 272 words.

(c.300 bc) Greek anatomist and physician

Herophilus, a pupil of Praxagoras of Cos, was one of the founders of the Alexandrian medical school set up at the end of the 4th century ...

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Euclid

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 805 words.

(c.330 bc–260 bc) Greek mathematician

Euclid is one of the best known and most influential of classical Greek mathematicians but almost nothing is known about his life. He was a...

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Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 700 words.

(1743–1794) French chemist

Lavoisier is regarded as the founder of modern chemistry. Born in Paris, he studied both law and science, but after graduating concentrated his attention...

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Parkes, Alexander

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 198 words.

(1813–1890) British chemist and inventor

Parkes, the son of a Birmingham lock manufacturer, was apprenticed to a brass founder and started his career in charge of the casting...

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Matthews, Thomas Stanley

Paul G. Ashdown.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Biographical Studies. 1411 words.

Matthews, Thomas Stanley (16 January 1901–04 January 1991), magazine editor and memoirist, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Paul Clement Matthews, an Episcopal priest, later bishop...

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Schuman, Robert (1886–1963)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 277 words.

French statesman, prime minister (1947; 1948), and founder of the European Coal and Steel Community (1952)....

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Jenkins, (Margaret) Elizabeth Heald (1905–2010), novelist and biographer

Nicola Beauman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Biographical Studies. 999 words.

Jenkins, (Margaret) Elizabeth Heald (1905–2010), novelist and biographer, was born on 31 October 1905 at Caldicott School, then located at Brackton House, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, the eldest...

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de Mille, Cecil B(lount) (1881–1959)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 258 words.

Film producer and director and founder of the Hollywood film industry.

Son of the popular dramatist Henry C. de Mille...

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Wood, Sir Henry Joseph (1869–1944)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 249 words.

British conductor, organist, and composer, best remembered as the founder of the annual London Promenade Concerts. He was knighted in ...

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Griffith, Arthur (1871–1922)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 200 words.

Irish nationalist leader; founder of Sinn Féin and leader of the Irish Free State (1922).

Born in Dublin, ...

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Moon, Sun Myung (1920–2012)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 353 words.

Korean founder of the Unification Church, regarded as a Messiah by his followers and as a fraudster by his critics....

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Beneš, Edvard (1884–1948)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 234 words.

Co-founder of Czechoslovakia, who served as minister of foreign affairs (1919–35), prime minister (1921–22), and president (...

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Oud, Jacobus Johannes Pieter (1890–1963)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 165 words.

Dutch architect, who was a founder member of the De Stijl group and municipal architect for Rotterdam.

Born in Purmerend, ...

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Masaryk, Tomáš Garrigue (1850–1937)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 223 words.

Czechoslovakian statesman, first president (1918–35) and co-founder of Czechoslovakia.

Born in Hodonin, Moravia, the son of a coachman, ...

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Husserl, Edmund (1859–1938)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 242 words.

German philosopher, logician, and founder of the modern school of phenomenology.

Born at Prossnitz (now Prostějov, in the Czech Republic), ...

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Handley Page, Sir Frederick (1885–1962)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 296 words.

British aeronautical engineer, founder of Handley Page Ltd. and builder of the Halifax bomber. He was knighted in 1942.

Born in Cheltenham, ...

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