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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887), iron founder and engineer

Robert Thorne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 685 words.

Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887), iron founder and engineer, was born on 25 July 1805 in Edinburgh, the son of Hugh Handyside, ironmonger, and Margaret Baird. As a young man he followed the...

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Galloway, John (1804–1894), iron-founder and engineer

Ronald M. Birse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1093 words.

Galloway, John (1804–1894), iron-founder and engineer, was born on 14 February 1804 at his father's house, 37 Lombard Street, Manchester, the second son of William Galloway (1768–1836) and...

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Senhouse, Humphrey (1705–1770), landowner and port founder

Angus J. L. Winchester.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming. 902 words.

Senhouse, Humphrey (1705–1770), landowner and port founder, was born on 2 July 1705 at Millom Castle, Cumberland, the fourth child of Humphrey Senhouse (d. 1738) and his wife, Eleanor,...

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Day, Daniel (1683–1767), engineer and founder of Fairlop fair, Essex

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performing Arts; Engineering (General). 564 words.

Day, Daniel (1683–1767), engineer and founder of Fairlop fair, Essex, was born in Southwark, Surrey, where his father was a prosperous brewer. Day never married, and resided all his working...

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Fairbridge, Kingsley Ogilvie (1885–1924), founder of farm schools overseas

F. J. Wylie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Agriculture and Farming. 619 words.

Fairbridge, Kingsley Ogilvie (1885–1924), founder of farm schools overseas, was born on 5 May 1885 at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, the elder son of Rhys Seymour Fairbridge, surveyor to the...

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Light, William (1786–1839), surveyor and founder of Adelaide

Michael Williams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 1510 words.

Light, William (1786–1839), surveyor and founder of Adelaide, was born in Kuala Kedah, Malaya, on 27 April 1786, the second son of Captain Francis Light, RN (bap. 1740, d. 1794), and...

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Fuller family (per. c. 1650–1803), gun-founders and landowners

J. S. Hodgkinson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming. 1677 words.

Fuller family (per. c. 1650–1803), gun-founders and landowners, came to prominence with John [i] Fuller (1617–1679), the son of Samuel Fuller, of Waldron, Sussex, and his wife,...

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Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 2685 words.

Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey, was born on 4 May 1726 at Miltonhead, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the second child of John Roy (d. 1748), factor to Sir...

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Nicholson [née Weeks], (Lorna) Rosemary (1919–2004), garden historian and museum founder

Francesca Greenoak.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Art; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Agriculture and Farming. 1181 words.

Nicholson [née Weeks], (Lorna) Rosemary (1919–2004), garden historian and museum founder, was born on 3 July 1919 at 17 Alexander Road, Southport, Lancashire, the youngest of the five...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association

John Martin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1127 words.

Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William...

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Croft, Henry [called the Original Pearly King] (1861–1930), road sweeper and founder of the pearly tradition

Philip Carter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 2050 words.

Croft, Henry [called the Original Pearly King] (1861–1930), road sweeper and founder of the pearly tradition, was born on 24 May 1861 at St Pancras workhouse, 4 King's Road (later St...

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Galloway, John (1826–1896), iron-founder and engineer

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 3 words.

See Galloway, John

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Fuller, Rose (1708–1777), politician, gun-founder, and landowner

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History; History of Agriculture; UK Politics; Agriculture and Farming. 1 words.

See

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Young, James (1811–83)

Carl Schaschke.

in A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 249 words.

A Scottish chemist noted for his 1852 patent for the distillation of shale, and as the founder of the paraffin industry. Born in Glasgow, James (Paraffin) Young began his career working...

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Hinchley, John William (1871–1931)

Carl Schaschke.

in A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 49 words.

A British chemical engineer and one of the founders of the *Institution of Chemical Engineers. He was the first professor of chemical engineering at Imperial College, London whose aims...

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Graham, Thomas (1805–69)

Carl Schaschke.

in A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 54 words.

A Scottish chemist who was professor of chemistry at Glasgow University in 1830 and later moved to University College London in 1837. He is noted for his law for the diffusion of gases...

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Dolby, Ray

Gianluca Sergi.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online September 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 1089 words.

Dolby, Ray (18 Jan. 1933–12 Sept. 2013), inventor, was born Ray Milton Dolby in Portland, Oregon, the son of Esther Eufemia and Earl Milton, himself an inventor. Dolby grew up in San...

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Townley, Arthur Charles

Carol A. Lockwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming. 1306 words.

Townley, Arthur Charles (30 December 1880–07 November 1959), founder of the Nonpartisan League, was born near Browns Valley in northwest Minnesota, the son of Fitch R. Townley and Esther J....

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Ewbank, Thomas (1792–1870), writer on hydraulics and physics

Francis Watt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Physics. 275 words.

Ewbank, Thomas (1792–1870), writer on hydraulics and physics, was born at Barnard Castle, co. Durham, on 11 March 1792. When thirteen years of age he began work as a plumber and...

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Warington, Robert (1838–1907), agricultural chemist

Nicholas Goddard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming. 1214 words.

Warington, Robert (1838–1907), agricultural chemist, was born at 22 Princes Street, Spitalfields, London, on 22 August 1838, eldest son and second child of Robert Warington (1807–1867), one...

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