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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Tax, Sol (1907–1995)

Luis A. Vivanco.

in A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

P ublished online September 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anthropology. 150 words.

American cultural anthropologist known for developing ‘action anthropology’ and as founder of the prominent journal Current Anthropology. As a

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Durkheim, Émile (1858–1917)

Luis A. Vivanco.

in A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

P ublished online September 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anthropology. 114 words.

Founder of modern French sociology and anthropology. Durkheim sought, perhaps above all, to advance the notion that ‘social facts

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Gluckman, Max (1911–1975)

Luis A. Vivanco.

in A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

P ublished online September 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anthropology. 182 words.

South African anthropologist who, through his research in South-Central Africa and as founder of the Department of Social Anthropology at

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psychic unity of humankind

Luis A. Vivanco.

in A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

P ublished online September 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anthropology. 91 words.

The notion that all humans share the same fundamental psychological, mental, and/or cognitive make-up or potential. Developed by the founder

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The Mosaic Ethnology of Asiatick Jones

Thomas R. Trautmann.

in Aryans and British India

March 1997; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 14859 words.

This chapter provides a historical background of the Indo-European concept, which was named by Arthur Young and was first proposed by Sir William Jones, the founder and first president of...

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Nature and the Boundaries of the Human: Monkeys, Monsters, and Natural Peoples

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

December 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 7689 words.

The idea of nature and a natural science that informed German anthropology was based on elements from two conflicting approaches, conventionally associated with Immanuel Kant and Friedrich...

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A German Republic of Science and a German Idea of Truth: Empiricism and Sociability in Anthropology

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

December 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 9663 words.

The German Anthropological Society and its local branches were not merely institutions in which anthropologists conducted their new science but also organizations realizing political goals...

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History Without Humanism: Culture-Historical Anthropology and the Triumph of the Museum

in Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany

December 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 6660 words.

In the twentieth century, anthropologists asserted that nature and natural peoples were also historical, thus claiming the study of historical change for their discipline. Anthropologists...

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Introduction

Harri Englund.

in Gogo Breeze

February 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 12960 words.

This chapter introduces free speech as a value that must be studied ethnographically in specific historical contexts. The perspective from provincial Zambia challenges the focus on Ancient...

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The Apple Festival and National Significance

Paul A. Shackel.

in New Philadelphia

November 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 6718 words.

The Barry Apple Festival featured members of the McWorter family as representatives of the community's founder. Terry Martin suggested that the McWorter family members first meet at the...

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Fragments from the Shadows of War

Aldo Civico.

in Para-State

November 2015; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 18363 words.

The chapter presents the life history of three paramilitaries. Jorge Andres was born in poverty and experienced abuse during childhood. When he couldn’t find a job, he decided to join the...

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Emilio OʼFarril

Todd Ramón Ochoa.

in Society of the Dead

October 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 2099 words.

This chapter presents a brief survey of the Cuban Kongo social life, which might better be referred to as Palo society, by following Emilio O'Farril. He was Isidra's teacher of Havana's...

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South Asian Studies

Nicholas B. Dirks.

in Autobiography of an Archive

February 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 9826 words.

This chapter discusses the history of South Asian studies in the United States. The conjuncture between Sanskritic scholarship and the strategic concerns and contexts of World War II has...

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Puripetal force in the charitable field

Jonathan Benthall.

in Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

March 2016; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 8928 words.

This Chapter, published by Depends on timing. the journal Asian Ethnology, is a theoretical exercise, inspired by Mary Douglas’s classic anthropological text Purity and Danger, that sets...

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The Cuillurguna

Michael A. Uzendoski and Edith Felicia Calapucha-Tapuy.

in The Ecology of the Spoken Word

January 2012; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 6489 words.

The Cuillurguna or “twins” narratives are the most extensive and defining stories in Napo Quichua mythology. Culture heroes, the twins effect the “miracles” and transformations that came to...

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Amazons Everywhere

Eller Cynthia.

in Gentlemen and Amazons

March 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology. 9060 words.

This chapter examines the matriarchal myth before J.J. Bachofen introduced his matriarchal narratives. It shows that Amazon stories had been very popular since ancient times, which signals...

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Awareness and Change

Webb Keane.

in Ethical Life

October 2015; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology. 11793 words.

This chapter discusses the idea of ethical history, looking at situations in which hitherto taken-for-granted aspects of everyday life came to be the focus of attention, such as feminist...

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“Culture” Crosses the Atlantic: The German Sources of The Mind of Primitive Man

Harry Liebersohn.

in Indigenous Visions

March 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Theory and Practice of Anthropology. 7528 words.

This chapter explores the Franz Boas's German sources and how he used them, focusing on his book The Mind of Primitive Man. Boas was a proud graduate of the German research university, and...

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Durable and Fragile Cage Bars

Paul U. Unschuld.

in What Is Medicine?

September 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 826 words.

This chapter gives an overview on the introduction of a term, gas. Van Helmont, a Paracelsus' student, not only coined the term but clearly defined it. He conducted experiments to find out...

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Indigenous Visions

Edited by Ned Blackhawk and Isaiah Lorado Wilner.

March 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Theory and Practice of Anthropology. 416 pages.

This book is a compelling study that charts the influence of indigenous thinkers on Franz Boas, the founder of modern anthropology. In 1911, the publication of Franz Boas's The Mind of...

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