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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Walter, Sir Edward (1823–1904), founder of the Corps of Commissionaires

H. M. Vibart.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Military Administration. 719 words.

Walter, Sir Edward (1823–1904), founder of the Corps of Commissionaires, was born in London on 9 December 1823, the third son of John Walter (1776–1847), proprietor of The Times, and his...

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Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 2685 words.

Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey, was born on 4 May 1726 at Miltonhead, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the second child of John Roy (d. 1748), factor to Sir...

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Gomm, Richard Culling Carr- (1922–2008), army officer and charity founder

Terry Philpot.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1116 words.

Gomm, Richard Culling Carr- (1922–2008), army officer and charity founder, was born at Mancetter Lodge, Mancetter, near Atherstone, Warwickshire, on 2 January 1922, the third of four sons...

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Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia

Betty Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History. 2884 words.

Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia, was born in London on 22 December 1696, the third and youngest surviving son of Sir Theophilus...

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Lewes, John Steel [Jock] (1913–1941), a founder of the Special Air Service (SAS)

Fiona McPherson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Air Forces and Warfare; Warfare and Defence. 1161 words.

Lewes, John Steel [Jock] (1913–1941), a founder of the Special Air Service (SAS), was born on 21 December 1913 in Calcutta, India, the first son and second of the three children of Arthur...

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Piers, William (d. 1603), soldier and founder of the town of Carrickfergus

Mary O'Dowd.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; World History. 1651 words.

Piers, William (d. 1603), soldier and founder of the town of Carrickfergus, was the son of Richard or Henry Piers of Piers-Hall, near Ingleton, Yorkshire. Nothing is known about his...

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Hart, Henry George (1808–1878), army officer and founder of Hart's Army List

H. M. Chichester.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Warfare and Defence. 632 words.

Hart, Henry George (1808–1878), army officer and founder of Hart's Army List, belonged to the old Dorset family of Hart of Netherbury, and was the third son of Lieutenant-Colonel William...

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Mauny [Manny], Sir Walter (c. 1310–1372), soldier and founder of the London Charterhouse

Jonathan Sumption.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3615 words.

Mauny [Manny], Sir Walter (c. 1310–1372), soldier and founder of the London Charterhouse, was the fourth of five sons of Jean le Borgne, lord of Masny in the imperial county of Hainault,...

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Cheshire, (Geoffrey) Leonard, Baron Cheshire (1917–1992), air force officer and charity founder

Christopher Foxley-Norris.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Military History; Air Forces and Warfare. 3545 words.

Cheshire, (Geoffrey) Leonard, Baron Cheshire (1917–1992), air force officer and charity founder, was born on 7 September 1917 in the Egerton Nursing Home, 65 Hoole Road, Hoole, Chester, the...

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Stirling, Sir (Archibald) David (1915–1990), army officer and founder of the Special Air Service (SAS) regiment

Fitzroy Maclean.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Air Forces and Warfare; Land Forces and Warfare. 1036 words.

Stirling, Sir (Archibald) David (1915–1990), army officer and founder of the Special Air Service (SAS) regiment, was born on 15 November 1915 at Keir, Stirlingshire, the third son and...

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Ware, Sir Fabian Arthur Goulstone (1869–1949), newspaper editor and the founder of the Imperial War Graves Commission

A. J. A. Morris.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Military Administration; Journalism. 1418 words.

Ware, Sir Fabian Arthur Goulstone (1869–1949), newspaper editor and the founder of the Imperial War Graves Commission, was born at Clifton, Bristol, on 17 June 1869. He was the only son of...

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Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-, first Baron Baden-Powell (1857–1941), army officer and founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides

Allen Warren.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 5426 words.

Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-, first Baron Baden-Powell (1857–1941), army officer and founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, was born at 6 Stanhope Street, Paddington, London,...

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Clara Barton

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

(1821–1912) Civil War nurse, relief worker, and founder of the American Red Cross, born Clarissa Harlowe Barton in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Barton tended wounded Union soldiers and ran...

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George Henry Preble

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

(1816–85) Union naval officer, born in Maine. Preble served in the Mexican War (1846–48) and as part of Matthew C. Perry's expedition to Japan (1853–54). His career foundered when, during...

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Smith & Wesson

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

ˌsmith ænd ˈwesǝn

trademark a type of firearm, in particular a type of cartridge revolver.

mid 19th cent.: named after Horace Smith (1808–93) and Daniel B. Wesson (1825–19...

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Peter Stuyvesant

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

ˈstīvǝsǝnt

(1610?–72) colonial founder. Stuyvesant was born in the Netherlands and worked for the Dutch West India Company as director general in Curaçao. He led Dutch troops in...

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Stephen B. Luce

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

(1827–1917), naval officer, reformer, and founder of the Naval War College.

Born in Albany, New York, Stephen Luce became a naval midshipman in 1841 and spent six years at sea ...

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Gene La Rocque

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

(1918–) naval officer and founder of the Center for Defense Information. La Rocque served thirty-one years of active duty, participating in 113 major battles in the Pacific during World War...

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Red Cross

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

International agency concerned with the alleviation of human suffering. Its founder, the Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant (1828–1910), horrified by the suffering he saw at the Battle of...

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