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Helsinki Accords

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Social Sciences.

The Helsinki Accords of 1975 are a diplomatic agreement among thirty-five states that exerted significant influence on its communist signatories in the field of human rights. The Accords...

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Helsinki Accords

Jonathan H. L'Hommedieu.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 678 words.

The Helsinki Accords, also known as the Helsinki Final Act, marked the successful completion of the first major post–World War

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Helsinki Accords

in The Oxford Companion to International Relations

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: International Relations. 869 words.

The Helsinki Accords of 1975 are a diplomatic agreement among thirty-five states that exerted significant influence on its communist signatories

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Helsinki Accords

David P. Forsythe.

in The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World

January 2001; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics. 860 words.

The Helsinki Accords of 1975 are a diplomatic agreement among thirty-five states that exerted significant influence on its communist signatories

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Helsinki Accords

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Social Sciences.

The Helsinki Accords of 1975 are a diplomatic agreement among thirty-five states that exerted significant influence on its communist signatories in the field of human rights. The Accords...

See overview in Oxford Index

Helsinki Accords

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 1199 words.

The Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), more commonly known as the

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Helsinki Accords

in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

January 2001; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 10 words.

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Helsinki Accords

Mient Jan Faber.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 1992 words.

From a political point of view, the main Cold War between East and West ended in 1975 with the conclusion

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Helsinki Agreements (or Accords)

Edited by John P. Grant and J. Craig Barker.

in Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: International Law. 227 words.

This name is given to the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, opened at Helsinki

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Helsinki Accord and CSCE/OSCE

Patrice C. McMahon.

in Encyclopedia of Human Rights

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 4911 words.

In 1975 thirty-five heads of state from Europe and North America signed the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe

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Human Rights Watch

Edited by John P. Grant and J. Craig Barker.

in Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: International Law. 80 words.

The successor to Helsinki Watch, established after the Helsinki Agreements (or Accords) on Security and Cooperation in Europe of 1

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Helsinki Watch

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

A division of Human Rights Watch that was founded in 1978 to monitor and promote the human rights provisions of the 1975 Helsinki Accords. The Helsinki Accords codified diplomatic...

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Human Rights Watch

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Human Rights and Immigration.

The successor to Helsinki Watch, established after the Helsinki Agreements (or Accords) on Security and Cooperation in Europe of 1 August 1975, this non-governmental organization's...

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The Sincerest Form of Flattery

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman.

in Making the American Century

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 6234 words.

Through the prism of two international developments—the emergence of the international volunteer movement and the forging of the Helsinki principles—Cobbs Hoffman shows that Americans and...

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Détente, Human Rights and Economic Crisis

James E. Cronin.

in Global Rules

October 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 17727 words.

This chapter examines the developments that followed the signing of the Helsinki Accords in the summer of 1975, with particular reference to the emergence of a ‘second Cold War’ and a...

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Imposing Urban Order

Kathleen James-Chakraborty.

in Architecture since 1400

January 2014; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Architecture. 4825 words.

This chapter discusses modernism’s limited impact on architecture in the first half of the twentieth century. The modern movement all but collapsed in the countries that originally nurtured...

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The rise and fall of superpower detente, 1968–79

in The Cold War

March 2003; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cold War; Contemporary History (Post 1945). 6119 words.

During the 1970s the Cold War experienced a change in pace, as world leaders sought to stabilize international affairs. ‘The rise and fall of superpower detente, 1968–79’ covers detente...

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Helsinki Final Act (1975)

Sir Michael Wood and Daniel Purisch.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 2942 words.

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Zviad Konstantinovich Gamsakhurdia

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

(b. 1939; d. 31 Dec. 1993 or 1 Jan. 1994)

Georgian; President 1991–2 Gamsakhurdia was a literary scholar by profession. In 1974 he was a founding member of the Initiative Group for...

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The International Human Rights Movement

Aryeh Neier.

April 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Migration Studies. 392 pages.

During the past several decades, the international human rights movement has had a crucial hand in the struggle against totalitarian regimes, cruelties in wars, and crimes against humanity....

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Human Rights and Foreign Policy Analysis

Shannon Lindsey Blanton and David L. Cingranelli.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Foreign Policy; Human Rights. 10347 words.

Foreign policy analysis emerged as a subfield ino the late 1950s and early 1960s, when scholars began to focus on substate factors and on the decision making process in evaluating foreign...

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