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marathon

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Long-distance race. The standard marathon is 42.2km (26.2mi) long, which was the distance run by the ancient Greek soldier who brought news to Athens of victory over the Persians at the...

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Marathon, battle of

John F. Lazenby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History. 191 words.

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stratēgoi

D. M. MacDowell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History. 990 words.

The ordinary term for military commanders in Greece, but in Athens in the 5th cent. bcestratēgoi had political as well as military importance. Little is known of the number and method of appointment...

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Persian Wars

John F. Lazenby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History. 1624 words.

Term usually applied to the two Persian attempts to conquer Greece in 490 and 480/79 bce. The origins of the conflict go back to mainland Greek involvement in the rebellion of the Asiatic Greeks...

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Chares (1), Athenian general, 4th cent. CE

George Law Cawkwell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History. 266 words.

Chares (c.400–c.325 bce), famous Athenian soldier, probably more often general than any other Athenian of the 4th cent. except *Phocion, notorious for his treatment of the allies of the *Second...

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Callias (1), son of Hipponicus, prominent Athenian, 5th cent. BCE

Theodore John Cadoux and Simon Hornblower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History. 293 words.

Callias (1), son of Hipponicus, of one of the richest families in 5th-cent. Athens; the family was also religiously important as one of the *genos Kerykes, which supplied some of the priests for the...

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