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marathon

Overview page.

Long-distance race. The standard marathon is 42.2km (26.2mi) long, which was the distance run by the ancient Greek soldier who brought news to Athens of victory over the Persians at the...

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marathon

in Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

P ublished online April 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Society and Culture. 65 words.

A long-distance race, officially 42.195 kilometres (26 miles, 385 yards) in length. It is named after the Battle of Marathon

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Marathon Japan

Thomas R. H. Havens.

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Society and Culture. 272 pages.

Japanese have been fervid long-distance runners for many centuries. Beginning with the 1912 Stockholm Olympics, the Japanese government used athletics, especially the marathon, to continue...

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Boston Marathon

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 1592 words.

The Boston Marathon is one the oldest and most prestigious distance running events in the world. Each April it attracts an international field of top marathoners along with...

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Running, Marathon and Distance

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 3140 words.

The marathon is the most prestigious running race as well as the athletic event most draped in history and myth. The first “marathon” of myth was run by a Greek messenger who...

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Afterword: Marathon Japan

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 2918 words.

Civic marathons for elite and general runners and civic ekidens for nonelite athletes have grown wildly popular in Japan during the past decade and attract huge television audiences. The...

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marathon

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 5 words.

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Running for Everyone

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 10344 words.

The general-participation Tokyo Marathon, first held in 2007, has propelled the craze for distance racing among the general public throughout Japan. Nonelite civic marathons date to the...

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“Greater Depth, More Women”

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 8416 words.

The mushrooming interest in marathons and ekidens helped dissolve boundaries between elite and recreational running in the 1990s. Japanese men comprised a deep trove of excellence just...

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Distance Running as a Commodity

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 9592 words.

Both marathon and ekiden racing were greatly commercialized during the 1970s and 1980s, decades of mature affluence in Japan. Full live TV broadcasts of the two-day New Year’s Hakone Ekiden...

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From Peak to Plateau

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 10064 words.

Takahashi Naoko won the women’s marathon at the Sydney Olympics in 2000 and was widely admired for her persistence, patience, self-discipline, and humility. Her success helped fuel the boom...

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muscle fibre types

Michael Kent.

in Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise

January 1997; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 468 words.

Top athletes should be careful in their choice of parents. Their ability to compete in a sprint or marathon may

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muscle fibre types

Michael Kent.

in Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise

P ublished online November 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 468 words.

Top athletes should be careful in their choice of parents. Their ability to compete in a sprint or marathon may

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A Galaxy of Distance Runners

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 8532 words.

Corporate and university track teams revived distance racing shortly after Japan’s surrender in 1945. Asahi, Mainichi, and Yomiuri sponsored marathons starting with Osaka in 1946 (moved to...

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Racing to Catch Up

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 7818 words.

School and university sports in Japan date to the mid-1880s but remained elitist until the early twentieth century. The first marathon dates to 1909, sponsored by Mainichi newspapers;...

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The Culture of Running in Japan

Thomas R. H. Havens.

in Marathon Japan

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 11994 words.

Sports, including distance races, are big business in Japan’s commodified consumer culture today. Mass media, the government, and private corporations have sponsored marathons and ekiden...

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carbohydrate loading

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 56 words.

Practice of some endurance athletes (e.g. marathon runners) in training for a major event; it consists of exercising to exhaustion,

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carbohydrate loading

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 56 words.

Practice of some endurance athletes (e.g. marathon runners) in training for a major event; it consists of exercising to exhaustion,

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Loues, Spiridon

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 255 words.

(1873–1940)

Winner of the first marathon race in the Athens Olympics of 1896. Loues was what John J. MacAloon...

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Bikila, Abebe

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 114 words.

(1932–73)

An Ethiopian runner who twice won the Olympic marathon, initially working as a shepherd but picked out by a Swedish coach hired by the Ethiopian government to develop...

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Phidippides

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 118 words.

Phidippides was a soldier/messenger sent by the Athenians to other Greek city-states to raise troops to resist the invasion of the Persians, reported as running the 140 miles to Sparta in...

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