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PCB

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

(or

Abbrev. for printed circuit board. See printed circuit.

See overview in Oxford Index

PCB

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 4 words.

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PCB

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 4 words.

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Ortho-Substituted PCBs Kill Thymocytes

Yuansheng Tan, Daming Li, Renjie Song, David Lawrence and David O. Carpenter.

in Toxicological Sciences

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 5965 words.

The effects of exposure of acutely dissociated rat thymocytes to various polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were examined using flow cytometry. Non-planar, ortho-substituted congeners...

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Environmental PCB exposure and risk of endometriosis

G.M. Buck Louis, J.M. Weiner, B.W. Whitcomb, R. Sperrazza, E.F. Schisterman, D.T. Lobdell, K. Crickard, H. Greizerstein and P.J. Kostyniak.

in Human Reproduction

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Reproductive Medicine. 5807 words.

BACKGROUND: Hormonally active environmental agents have recently been associated with the development of endometriosis. METHODS: We undertook a study to assess the relationship between...

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Symposium Overview: Toxicity of Non-Coplanar PCBs

Lawrence J. Fischer, Richard F. Seegal, Patricia E. Ganey, Isaac N. Pessah and Prasada Rao S. Kodavanti.

in Toxicological Sciences

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

Research into the mechanism of toxicity of PCBs has focused on the Ah receptor. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that certain ortho-chlorine-substituted, non-coplanar PCB...

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The Neurotoxicological Consequences of Developmental Exposure to PCBs

Richard F. Seegal.

in Toxicological Sciences

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 1615 words.

The articles highlighted in this issue are three reports by Kevin Crofton and colleagues dealing with neuromodulatory effects of PCB (Gilbert, Mundy, and Crofton, pp. 102–111; Roegge et al.,null...

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PCBs do not induce DNA breakage in vitro in human lymphocytes

K. Belpaeme, K. Delbeke, L. Zhu and M.Kirsch Volders.

in Mutagenesis

July 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 0 words.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are classified by IARC as non-mutagenic in vivo. However, despite almost 20 years of research, their mutagenicity in vitro is still debatable. In this work...

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Antioxidant protection against PCB-mediated endothelial cell activation.

R Slim, M Toborek, L W Robertson and B Hennig.

in Toxicological Sciences

December 1999; p ublished online December 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

Certain environmental contaminants such as polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons may be implicated in diseases of the vasculature by compromising normal functions of vascular endothelial...

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Fasting Augments PCB Impact on Liver Metabolism in Anadromous Arctic Char

Mathilakath M. Vijayan, Neelakanteswar Aluru, Alec G. Maule and Even H. Jørgensen.

in Toxicological Sciences

June 2006; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 6476 words.

Anadromous arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) undertake short feeding migrations to seawater every summer and accumulate lipids, while the rest of the year is spent in fresh water where the...

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Ortho-Substituted PCBs Kill Cells by Altering Membrane Structure

Yuansheng Tan, Chang-Hwei Chen, David Lawrence and David O. Carpenter.

in Toxicological Sciences

July 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 4372 words.

Our previous studies have demonstrated that ortho-substituted PCBs cause a rapid cell death in both thymocytes and cerebellar granule cell neurons, whereas coplanar congeners are without...

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Comparison of Pharmacokinetic Interactions and Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling of PCB 153 and PCB 126 in Nonpregnant Mice, Lactating Mice, and Suckling Pups

Sun Ku Lee, Ying C. Ou and Raymond S. H. Yang.

in Toxicological Sciences

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 6586 words.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that can induce neurological defects in infants and children via placental and lactational transfer. To...

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Effects of PCB Exposure on the Toxic Impact of Organophosphorus Insecticides

Russell L. Carr, Jason R. Richardson, John A. Guarisco, Anil Kachroo, Janice E. Chambers, Terrilyn A. Couch, Godwin C. Durunna and Edward C. Meek.

in Toxicological Sciences

June 2002; p ublished online June 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 9068 words.

Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can alter the metabolism of organophosphorus (OP) insecticides. Female rats were fed vanilla wafers containing either 4 mg/kg/day of Aroclor...

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Auditory Effects of Developmental Exposure to Purity-Controlled Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB52 and PCB180) in Rats

Hellmuth Lilienthal, Päivi Heikkinen, Patrik L. Andersson, Leo T. M. van der Ven and Matti Viluksela.

in Toxicological Sciences

July 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 8176 words.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are still present in the environment, with ongoing exposure in humans, including babies nursed by their mothers. Whereas toxicity of dioxin-like PCBs is...

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4-Monochlorobiphenyl (PCB3) induces mutations in the livers of transgenic Fisher 344 rats

Leane Lehmann, Harald L.Esch, Patricia A.Kirby, Larry W.Robertson and Gabriele Ludewig.

in Carcinogenesis

August 2006; p ublished online February 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 6367 words.

4-Monochlorobiphenyl (PCB3) is found in small amounts in commercial PCB mixtures, indoor and outdoor air, and in food. In contrast to highly chlorinated congeners that are more resistant to...

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Identification of markers for PCB exposure in plasma from Swedish construction workers removing old elastic sealants

H. WINGFORS, A. I. SELDÉN, C. NILSSON and P. HAGLUND.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 4041 words.

The objective of the present study was to identify PCB-indicators of occupational exposure related to the removal of old elastic sealants. Blood samples were collected from workers involved...

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The Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Thyroid (HPT) Axis: A Target of Nonpersistent ortho-Substituted PCB Congeners

Moazzam A. Khan, Carol A. Lichtensteiger, Obaid Faroon, Moiz Mumtaz, David J. Schaeffer and Larry G. Hansen.

in Toxicological Sciences

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 7705 words.

Coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) cause adverse effects in developing and adult animals. Less is known about the effects of nonplanar ortho-substituted PCBs. We investigated the...

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Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) on Brain Tyrosine Hydroxylase Activity and Dopamine Synthesis in Rats

Neepa Y. Choksi, Prasada Rao S. Kodavanti, Hugh A. Tilson and Raymond G. Booth.

in Toxicological Sciences

September 1997; p ublished online September 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

Literature reports suggest that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may alter dopaminergic neurotransmission in mammalian forebrain. In vitro, PCBs can decrease dopamine levels in PC 12 cells...

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Motor Impairment in Rats Exposed to PCBs and Methylmercury during Early Development

Cindy S. Roegge, Victor C. Wang, Brian E. Powers, Anna Y. Klintsova, Sherilyn Villareal, William T. Greenough and Susan L. Schantz.

in Toxicological Sciences

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 9268 words.

Epidemiological and laboratory studies indicate that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and methyl mercury (MeHg) may have additive or interactive adverse effects on nervous system function....

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PCB 104-Induced Proinflammatory Reactions in Human Vascular Endothelial Cells: Relationship to Cancer Metastasis and Atherogenesis

Wangsun Choi, Sung Yong Eum, Yong Woo Lee, Bernhard Hennig, Larry W. Robertson and Michal Toborek.

in Toxicological Sciences

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 6965 words.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread environmental contaminants that are known to induce carcinogenic and possibly atherogenic events. Recent evidence suggests that selected PCBs...

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Auditory Deficits in Rats Exposed to an Environmental PCB Mixture during Development

Brian E. Powers, John J. Widholm, Robert E. Lasky and Susan L. Schantz.

in Toxicological Sciences

February 2006; p ublished online November 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 6826 words.

Previous studies have indicated that developmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may result in hearing impairment in rats. The cochlea is the suggested site of action, based...

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