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Resource Reserve

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

An IUCN Management Category (VI) for protected areas, which is designed ‘to protect resources of the area for future use and prevent or contain development activities that could affect the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Brimmer, Andrew F. (born 1926), Economist, Federal Government Official

Darius V. Echeverría.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 649 words.

economist and educator. Some individuals are important because they exemplify the historical past, while others are important because they embody generational change toward social...

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Cobb, William Montague

Paul A. Erickson.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1025 words.

physical anthropologist and anatomist, was born in Washington, D.C., the son of William Elmer Cobb, a printer, and Alexzine Montague. Experiencing racial segregation in education, he...

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Conservation in Africa Allocation and management of natural resources in Africa.

Heidi Glaesel Frontani.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1219 words.

Conservation in Africa, as elsewhere, involves decisions about the allocation and use of resources, including scarce ones, and as such tends to be highly politicized. Many human...

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Empires of Coal

Shellen Xiao Wu.

April 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Asian History. 280 pages.

This book is about how Chinese views of natural resource management underwent a major change as a result of the late Qing engagement with imperialism and science and argues that modern...

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Norway

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A country forming the north-western part of Scandinavia in northern Europe.

Physical.

Norway's extensive coast, fringed with innumerable small islands, stretches from the...

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Coastal Resources in Africa Natural resources along the African coast and their management.

Heidi Glaesel Frontani.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 850 words.

Relative to other continents, Africa has steep coastlines and few broad coastal plains, beaches, or natural harbors due to its central position in the super-continent Pangaea 225 million...

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Environmental Movements in Africa

Robert Fay.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1554 words.

Political and social movements organized to address environmental threats to health and livelihood. International conservation groups have focused worldwide attention on the threats to...

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Burkina Faso

Roanne Edwards and Susanne Freidberg.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 3997 words.

In 1984 the leaders of Upper Volta changed the name of this former French colony to Burkina Faso, a term combining two of the country’s many languages, and meaning “land of upright...

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Development in Africa: An Interpretation

Samir Amin and Jesse Ribot.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 3476 words.

At the end of four decades of postwar development, the results are so varied that one is tempted to reject the common expression “Third World” when describing all the countries that have...

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Fleurs-de-lis in the forest: ‘absolute’ monarchy and attempts at resource management in eighteenth-century France

Hamish Graham.

in French History

September 2009; p ublished online July 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: European History. 10673 words.

The notion of ‘resource management’ has inspired some historians to rethink the nature of the state authority in early modern Europe. Like recent work on parts of Italy and Germany, this...

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Structural Adjustment in Africa National economic reform programs undertaken by countries in return for assistance from the World Bank and other international donor institutions.

Barbara Grosh.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1627 words.

Numerous countries in Africa began to experience difficulty meeting their financial obligations during the 1970s. By the early 1980s most African countries were receiving loans from...

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Namibia

Eric Young.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 3757 words.

The history of Namibia, one of Africa’s newest independent countries, has long been shaped by its geography. For centuries few African populations inhabited its two vast deserts, the...

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Tanzania

Elizabeth Heath.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 4040 words.

Tanzania defies most perceptions of poor, nonindustrialized nations. The first East African country to achieve independence, Tanzania immediately developed a stable, popularly supported,...

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Lincoln, Abraham (1809 - 1865), U.S. President

Paul Finkelman and Vickey Kalambakal.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 4124 words.

Abraham Lincoln, self-made and self-educated, remains one of America's best-loved presidents. He rose from obscurity and poverty through his own efforts to become president. His election...

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Sit-ins

Brian Purnell.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 4241 words.

Initiated in early 1960 by college students in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Nashville, Tennessee, sit-ins spread throughout the country and galvanized young people to participate in...

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Challenges of Coexistence

Ursula Münster.

in Conflict, Negotiation, and Coexistence

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History; Environmental History. 10081 words.

Concerned with fractious relations of interspecies conflict in and around the Wayanad Wildlife Reserve, this chapter considers the knowledge, experience, and claims of forest officials,...

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Rwanda

Overview page. Subjects: African Studies — History.

A small country in east central Africa. It is bounded in the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo and Lake Kivu, on the north by Uganda, on the east by Tanzania, and on the south by...

See overview in Oxford Index

National Parks in Colombia

Claudia Leal.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Contemporary History (Post 1945); Environmental History. 9347 words.

The history of Colombian national parks started in 1948 with the establishment of a reserve for scientific research, which stood alone until the 1960s, when various state agencies created a...

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Conservation and Wildlife

Heidi G. Frontani.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10204 words.

Conservation in Africa, as elsewhere, involves decisions about the allocation and use of resources, including scarce ones, and, as such, tends to be highly politicized. Many human...

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Conservation and Wildlife

Heidi G. Frontani.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10204 words.

Conservation in Africa, as elsewhere, involves decisions about the allocation and use of resources, including scarce ones, and, as such, tends to be highly politicized. Many human...

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