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Resource Reserve

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

An IUCN Management Category (VI) for protected areas, which is designed ‘to protect resources of the area for future use and prevent or contain development activities that could affect the...

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Causes and Consequences of Stakeholder Participation in Natural Resource Management: Evidence from 143 Biosphere Reserves in Fifty-Five Countries

Andreas Duit and Ola Hall.

in State and Environment

July 2014; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Social Science). 9766 words.

This chapter examines the causes and consequences of stakeholder participation in natural resource management by presenting evidence from 143 biosphere reserves (BR) in fifty-five...

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Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management.

1. The process in which an individual subscribes to a website or requests further information from it by filling in contact details and his or her needs using an electronic...

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The Coal Saga

Jairam Ramesh.

in Green Signals

February 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment. 13146 words.

How to balance ecological security and economic growth in practice? Should we privilege a dense forest over the coal reserves underneath it? Or should we mine the coal and let the forests...

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Between Nationalization and Privatization: Common Property as the Third Way?

Peter Ho.

in Institutions in Transition

June 2005; p ublished online July 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 14523 words.

The current trend of property rights reform in China is towards nationalization or privatization through the lease system. Exactly for this reason, experimentation with alternative tenure...

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Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 114 words.

The proven reserves are the amount of energy resource that there is firm evidence for, and that can be recovered at an economic cost. These reserves are sometimes quoted at a given cost or...

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Fossil fuels

Michael Bradshaw, Antony Froggatt, Christophe McGlade and Jamie Speirs.

in Global Energy

September 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 10147 words.

The chapter focuses on the fossil fuels that currently dominate the global energy system. The first part examines the complex issues of reserve definitions and cost curves and seeks to...

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The Principle of Consent and Affirmative Action

Desmond Rea and Robin Masefield.

in Policing in Northern Ireland

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Policy. 15018 words.

The chapter concerns one of the most controversial sections.in the Independent Commission’s report – achieving in the police service greater representativeness of the community it serves....

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An Optimal Contract for Monitoring Illegal Exploitation of Co-Managed Forests in Benin

Albert N. Honlonkou and Rashid Hassan.

in Environment and Development Economics

April 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 11266 words.

Benin’s forest reserves are seriously threatened by legal and illegal logging, among other activities. Since 1990, the government has adopted co-management as an institutional device to...

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Sourcing Mineral Resources—Problems and Solutions

Anthony Hartwell.

in Is the Planet Full?

May 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 10309 words.

This chapter delivers a mixed forecast for the impact of population growth on mineral resources. On one hand, technological advancement has allowed humans to extract resources from places...

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Jonathon W. Moses and Bjørn Letnes.

in Managing Resource Abundance and Wealth

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics. 5876 words.

It is common, if problematic, to refer to the Norwegian model of resource management as a blueprint for developing countries that wish to avoid the Paradox of Plenty. This introductory...

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Introduction to the Survey of Research

H.S. Sharma.

in Economic Geography

May 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Business and Management. 3091 words.

ecoasiSouth and East Asia

Land and water evaluation, appraisal, and management studies are multidisciplinary and require a comprehensive and integrated approach. The survey report on land and...

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The Rationale for Sovereign Wealth Funds from a Development Perspective1

Stephany Griffith-Jones and José Antonio Ocampo.

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

November 2011; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Financial Markets. 2538 words.

This chapter examines the rationale for creating sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) from the perspective of developing countries. It distinguishes three motivations for creating SWFs. The first...

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Oil and Ghana’s Economy

Augustin Kwasi Fosu.

in The Economy of Ghana Sixty Years after Independence

February 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 6920 words.

Significant oil reserves were discovered in Ghana in 2007, and production started in December 2010. Ghana’s astronomically high GDP growth of 15.0% in 2011 was mainly the result of oil...

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Wadi Allaqi: The People and the Pressure for Conservation

Ahmed Belal, John Briggs, Joanne Sharp and Irina Springuel.

in Bedouins by the Lake

December 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 8232 words.

This chapter introduces the people of the wadi and the concept and reality of the Wadi Allaqi Biosphere Reserve. Wadi Allaqi is the largest wadi of the southern part of the Eastern Desert...

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Strike When the Force Is with You: Optimal Stopping with Application to Resource Equilibria

Robert D. Cairns and Graham A. Davis.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

May 2007; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Manufacturing; Renewable Resources and Conservation; Non-renewable Resources and Conservation; Agricultural Economics. 7211 words.

Optimal investment in a nonrenewable resource project occurs when the rate of increase of the project's forward value falls to the force of interest. This stopping rule yields a financial...

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On Efficient Utilization of Egypt's Energy Resources: Oil and Natural Gas

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din.

in The Egyptian Economy

April 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 8866 words.

This chapter examines the topic of energy policy in Egypt on several fronts. Section 1 examines the world energy market with reasonable estimates of future prices for oil and natural gas,...

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resource curse

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 200 words.

A characterization of the negative consequences of a country possessing large mineral reserves. The term was first used by Richard Auty to express the ‘paradox of plenty’—that those states...

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Modeling African Economies

Andrew Berg, Shu-Chun S. Yang and Luis-Felipe Zanna.

in The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Context and Concepts

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth; Econometrics and Mathematical Economics. 10131 words.

This chapter presents a stylized framework for modeling African economies using the dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) approach. We introduce several features relevant to...

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Communicating about Fossil Fuel Divestment

Jill E. Hopke and Luis E. Hestres.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 13591 words.

Divestment is a socially responsible investing tactic to remove assets from a sector or industry based on moral objections to its business practices. It has historical roots in the...

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Additional Websites

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

This is a web-linked dictionary. To access the websites listed below, go to the dictionary's web page at http://www.oup.com/uk/reference/resources/economics, click on the Web links in the...

See overview in Oxford Index