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Strategic Defense Initiative

Overview page. Subjects: History — Warfare and Defence.

SDI a proposal by President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983, to construct a strategic defense system against attack from intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM s), potentially from the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Applicability of GATT Article XX in China – Raw Materials: A Clash within the WTO Agreement

Bin GU.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 12089 words.

The Appellate Body’s interpretation in China – Raw Materials regarding the applicability of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Article XX to China’s Accession Protocol is highly...

Reassessing APEC’s role as a Trans-Regional Economic Architecture: Legal and Policy Dimensions

Pasha L. Hsieh.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 17157 words.

This article examines the two-decade evolution of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the future prospects for Asian regionalism. It argues that while APEC retains advantages...

Government Control of Cross-Border M&A: Legitimate Regulation or Protectionism?

Andreas Heinemann.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2012; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 12603 words.

Recently, much light has been shed on the conditions under which Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows are beneficial to the receiving state and its citizens. However, when inbound FDI...

Antidumping in Emerging Countries in the Post-crisis Era: A Case Study on Brazil and China

Dan Wei.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 18712 words.

Traditional users and new users of antidumping are pursuing different paths. Nowadays, the trend of active use of antidumping tools has shifted from the developed countries towards the...

Redesigning the Negotiation Process at the WTO

Sonia E. Rolland.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2010; p ublished online February 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 21078 words.

The negotiation structure at the World Trade Organization (WTO) primarily relies on the single undertaking, an all or nothing approach that typically precludes separate agreements among...

Mineral Export Restraints and Sustainable Development—Are Rare Earths Testing the WTO's Loopholes?

Bin GU.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2011; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 19880 words.

China's actions in limiting the export of rare earths have drawn the world's attention. The USA, Japan, and the European Union (EU) have been frustrated with China's measures, even...

Conceptualizing Security Exceptions: Legal Doctrine or Political Excuse?

Andrew Emmerson.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 7680 words.

The dominant world political theory for international engagement has long been Realism, where state power and state interests are viewed as determining the limits on state relations....

King Cotton, Developing Countries and the ‘Peace Clause’: The WTO’s US Cotton Subsidies Decision

Karen Halverson Cross.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 25048 words.

Although the World Trade Organization (WTO) is a powerful vehicle for promoting economic development, the Uruguay Round has been perceived by developing country WTO members as an unequal...

A Dialogical Approach to Trade and Environment

Elizabeth Trujillo.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 22916 words.

Traditionally, supporters of free trade and environmentalists have regarded each other as the obstacle to development, and both sides have very different views as to what constitutes...

Export Cartels: Is it Legal to Target your Neighbour? Analysis in Light of Recent Case Law

Marek Martyniszyn.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2012; p ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 20441 words.

Despite the growing sophistication of antitrust regimes around the world, export cartels benefit from special treatment: they are almost universally tolerated, if not encouraged in the...

Negotiations on Safeguards and Subsidies in Services: a Never-ending Story?

Rudolf Adlung.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2007; p ublished online March 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 13788 words.

After the Uruguay Round, negotiations under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) continued in several rule-making areas, including emergency safeguards and subsidies. However,...

Saving the WTO from the Risk of Irrelevance: The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism as a ‘Common Good’ for RTA Disputes

Henry Gao and C. L. Lim.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2008; p ublished online October 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 12691 words.

Over the past few decades, Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have proliferated globally. Such proliferation of RTAs created a renewed sense of urgency for the WTO to take action in order to...

Interjurisdictional Competition and Regulatory Advantage

Dale D. Murphy.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2005; p ublished online November 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 11972 words.

As formal trade and investment barriers fall, government regulations – what once were domestic policy matters – become issues of international concern. International commerce creates the...

China’s Development of International Economic Law and WTO Legal Capacity Building

Pasha L. Hsieh.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2010; p ublished online December 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 19015 words.

This article examines legal and institutional aspects of the evolution of China’s approach to the dispute settlement mechanism of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It begins by analyzing...

Managing Trade Conflicts in the ICT Industry: A Case Study of EU–Greater China Area

Han-Wei Liu and Shin-Yi Peng.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 15367 words.

Trade policy is formulated through a rather complex decision-making process that involves two-way interactions between actors in public and private sectors. Such interactions are of...

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Bringing ‘Asian Values’ to Global Economic Governance?

David M. Ong.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 12819 words.

Abstract

This article examines the recent establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) through the prism of the ‘Asian values’ debate. It...

The Missing Link: Coherence and Poverty at the WTO

Joel P. Trachtman.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2005; p ublished online September 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 5149 words.

Reforming the International Investment Regime: Lessons from International Trade Law

Frank J. Garcia, Lindita Ciko, Apurv Gaurav and Kirrin Hough.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 18202 words.

International trade law underwent a profound paradigm shift during the 1990’s and into the 21st century as a response to globalization, and to a legitimacy crisis sparked by unresolved...

China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment and International Investment Law

Karl P. Sauvant and Michael D. Nolan.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 23548 words.

As China’s outward foreign direct investment (FDI) has grown, its approach to international investment agreements (IIAs) has changed. China is now one of the world’s most important outward...

Challenges and Solutions for the China–US BIT Negotiations: Insights from the Recent Development of FTZs in China

Jie Huang.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; International Economic Law; Economics. 17065 words.

Before conducting profound reforms of the trade and investment legal framework, China often implements the reforms on a small scale, generally in specified geographic zones, as testing...