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Union Army

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Although the United States had a regular army of 16,000 career soldiers when the Civil War began, throughout the conflict it placed chief reliance on an ad hoc force of ...

See overview in Oxford Index

An Aggressive Union Army

Brian D. McKnight.

in Contested Borderland

March 2006; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 9922 words.

This chapter examines the Union army's offensive in the Appalachian region during the period from November 1862 to February 1863. Samuel Carter launched a successful raid of East Tennessee...

Go to University Press of Kentucky »  abstract

Soldiers in the Union Army

Lorien Foote.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Southern US History. 10534 words.

Soldiers enlisted in the Union Army from every state in the Union and the Confederacy. The initial volunteers were motivated to preserve the accomplishments of the American Revolution and...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Black Soldiers in the Union Army

in Atlas of the Civil War

January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 128 words.

Union victory in the Civil War would have been impossible without black soldiers. By the end of the war, there were 166 African American regiments totaling 179,000 black soldiers and...

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Union Army, African Americans in

Barton A. Myers.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1292 words.

Black Americans fought in virtually every war of the early Republic, but not until the Civil War were black regiments formally recognized, sanctioned, and mustered into service by the...

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The Height of Union Army Recruits

Edited by Sven E. Wilson and Clayne L. Pope.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 11746 words.

This chapter investigates family and community influences on adult height using newly collected data on Union Army recruits. In addition to providing new estimates for family and community...

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

Union Army

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Although the United States had a regular army of 16,000 career soldiers when the Civil War began, throughout the conflict it placed chief reliance on an ad hoc force of ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Union Army

Mark Grimsley.

in The Oxford Companion to American Military History

January 2000; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 1646 words.

Although the United States had a regular army of 16,000 career soldiers when the Civil War began, throughout the conflict

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Gilchrist, Samuel (born 1839), Union Army Officer, Carpenter, Slave

Glenn Allen Knoblock.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1118 words.

Civil War soldier and Butler Medal recipient, was born in Surry County, Virginia. Likely a former slave, Gilchrist enlisted for service in the 2nd North Carolina Colored Volunteers...

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Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer

Christopher Saunders.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; African Politics. 3468 words.

Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer, was born on 27 September 1862 at Honigfontein, near Greytown, Natal, the ninth child of Louis Botha...

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The Effect of Hernias on the Labor Force Participation of Union Army Veterans

Edited by Chen Song and Louis L. Nguyen.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 20532 words.

This chapter focuses on the labor supply implications of hernias, a specific chronic disability that can be extremely debilitating, and examines the retirement behavior of 3,406 older men....

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

Internal Migration, Return Migration, and Mortality: Evidence from Panel Data on Union Army Veterans

Edited by Mario A. Sánchez.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 10727 words.

This chapter, which examines internal migration in the United States in the nineteenth century, studies the characteristics of intercounty migrants and estimates the hazard rate of changing...

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Carney, William Harvey (1840 - 1901), Union Army Officer, War Hero, Medal of Honor Recipient

Dalyce Newby.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1426 words.

William Harvey Carney was born in Norfolk, Virginia, the son of William Carney and Ann, a former slave. Little is known of his early years. As a young boy he expressed an interest in the...

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Red Army ((Russia/Soviet Union))

Christopher Riches and Jan Palmowski.

in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

P ublished online September 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 225 words.

Formed and named by *Trotsky in 1917 in order to fight the *Russian Civil War, it consisted of many units of the old imperial army. To ensure loyalty to ...

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Red Army ((Russia/Soviet Union))

Christopher Riches and Jan Palmowski.

in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; Contemporary History (Post 1945). 225 words.

Formed and named by *Trotsky in 1917 in order to fight the *Russian Civil War, it consisted of many units of the old imperial army. To ensure loyalty to ...

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Union Army, African Americans in

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; United States History.

Black Americans fought in virtually every war of the early Republic, but not until the Civil War were black regiments

Go to Oxford African American Studies Center »  home page

Union Army, African Americans in

Barton A. Myers.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1292 words.

Black Americans fought in virtually every war of the early Republic, but not until the Civil War were black regiments

Go to Oxford African American Studies Center »  home page

The Union Army’s Struggle over the Limits of Confiscation in the West

Kristopher A. Teters.

in Practical Liberators

June 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Military History. 12649 words.

From the beginning of the war to the summer of 1862, officers in the West adopted policies toward fugitive slaves that ranged from barring them altogether from their lines to aggressively...

Go to University of North Carolina Press »  abstract

Forten, Robert Bridges (1813 - 1864), Abolitionist, Entrepreneur, Union Army Officer, Poet

Julie Winch.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1470 words.

abolitionist, businessman, and Civil War soldier, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the fifth of nine children of James Forten, a sailmaker and Revolutionary War veteran, and...

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Fleetwood, Christian (1840 - 1914), Choral Director, Union Army Officer, Pamphleteer, Soldier

Michael Frank Knight.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1427 words.

29 and 30 September 1864. He was one of only sixteen African American soldiers to receive the Medal of Honor during the Civil War.Christian Fleetwood's remarkable story begins in the...

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Harrison, Benjamin (1833 - 1901), Union Army Officer, U.S. President

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; United States History.

Born on the southern Ohio frontier near Cincinnati, Benjamin Harrison came from one of the most respected families in American

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