Oxford Index Search Results

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Union Army x Economics x clear all

Union Army

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Although the United States had a regular army of 16,000 career soldiers when the Civil War began, throughout the conflict it placed chief reliance on an ad hoc force of ...

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The Height of Union Army Recruits

Edited by Sven E. Wilson and Clayne L. Pope.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 11746 words.

This chapter investigates family and community influences on adult height using newly collected data on Union Army recruits. In addition to providing new estimates for family and community...

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The Effect of Hernias on the Labor Force Participation of Union Army Veterans

Edited by Chen Song and Louis L. Nguyen.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 20532 words.

This chapter focuses on the labor supply implications of hernias, a specific chronic disability that can be extremely debilitating, and examines the retirement behavior of 3,406 older men....

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Internal Migration, Return Migration, and Mortality: Evidence from Panel Data on Union Army Veterans

Edited by Mario A. Sánchez.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 10727 words.

This chapter, which examines internal migration in the United States in the nineteenth century, studies the characteristics of intercounty migrants and estimates the hazard rate of changing...

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Cowards and Heroes: Group Loyalty in the American Civil War

Dora L. Costa and Matthew E. Kahn.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2003; p ublished online May 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics. 0 words.

What motivated men to risk death in the most horrific war in U. S. history when pay was low and irregular and military punishment strategies were weak? In such a situation creating group...

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Seasoning, Disease Environment, and Conditions of Exposure

Edited by Daniel Scott Smith.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 10393 words.

This chapter examines the definition, scope, and functioning of disease environments. It combines both individual- and aggregate-level data and attempts to specify several of the correlates...

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The Health of Older Men in the Past

Edited by Dora L. Costa.

in Health at Older Ages

March 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 12441 words.

This chapter, which deals with the long-term improvements in health and longevity, explores heart conditions, musculoskeletal problems, and loss of cognitive functioning. The data used are...

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Arthritis

Edited by Paula Canavese and Robert W. Fogel.

in Health at Older Ages

March 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 6973 words.

This chapter compares the prevalence of arthritis among Union Army veterans with arthritis among men. It shows that the current prevalence rate of arthritis is lower than it was in the late...

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Reflections on the Early Indicators Project

Edited by Larry T. Wimmer.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 4547 words.

This chapter narrates the beginnings and the development of the “Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death” (EI) project, which proposed the collection of a life-cycle...

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Prior Exposure to Disease and Later Health and Mortality

Edited by Chulhee Lee.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 15737 words.

This chapter, which explores the effects of socioeconomic status and local disease environment on the later health and mortality of Union Army recruits, shows that prior exposure to...

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Browne, William Washington

David M. Fahey.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking. 1346 words.

Browne, William Washington (20 October 1849–21 December 1897), fraternal society leader and banker, was born in Habersham County, Georgia, the son of Joseph Browne and Mariah (maiden name...

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The Early Years

Andrew Coulson.

in Tanzania

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 3872 words.

Between 1961 and 1964 Nyerere and TANU made the adjustment from being a successful party in opposition to being the leaders of a party in power. A new constitution made Tanganyika a...

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Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

Edited by Dora L. Costa.

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Economic History. 359 pages.

The twentieth century saw significant increases in both life expectancy and retirement rates—changes that have had dramatic impacts on nearly every aspect of society and the economy....

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The Significance of Lead Water Mains in American Cities Some Historical Evidence

Edited by Werner Troesken and Patricia E. Beeson.

in Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle

August 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 7984 words.

By the turn of the twentieth century, cities throughout the United States were using lead service mains to distribute water. Despite the fact that many of these mains are still in use and...

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Walker, Francis Amasa

A. W. Coats and Patrick Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Probability and Statistics; Education; Economics. 1764 words.

Walker, Francis Amasa (02 July 1840–05 January 1897), statistician, economist, and educator, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Amasa Walker, a retired shoe manufacturer who...

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McClintock, Emory

Joseph D. Zund.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Insurance; Mathematics. 1024 words.

McClintock, Emory (19 September 1840–10 July 1916), actuary and mathematician, was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the son of the Reverend John M’Clintock, a clergyman and professor of...

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A very peculiar practice: Underemployment in Britain during the interwar years

S. Bowden, D.M. Higgins and C. Price.

in European Review of Economic History

April 2006; p ublished online April 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 0 words.

This article presents new evidence on the determinants of short-time working in Britain during the interwar period. Using a selection of manufacturing industries we test the impact that...

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McGuire, Peter J.

Mark Erlich.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1305 words.

McGuire, Peter J. (06 July 1852–18 February 1906), labor leader, was born in New York City, the son of John J. McGuire, a porter, and Catherine Hand O’Riley. One of five children of the...

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Adams, Thomas, Jr.

Dennis Wepman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1028 words.

Adams, Thomas, Jr. (11 April 1846–04 August 1926), manufacturer, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Thomas Adams, a photographer and entrepreneur, and Martha Dunbar. His father, a...

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Metcalf, William

Bruce E. Seely.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1213 words.

Metcalf, William (03 September 1838–05 December 1909), steel manufacturer, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the son of Orlando Metcalf, a prominent attorney, and Mary Mehitabel Knap....

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Lilly, Josiah Kirby

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1329 words.

Lilly, Josiah Kirby (18 November 1861–08 February 1948), pharmaceutical manufacturer, was born in Greencastle, Indiana, the son of Eli Lilly, a soldier, and Emily Lemon. Born at the...

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