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William Graham Sumner

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Social Sciences.

(1840 –1910)

An American sociologist who was one of the most prominent turn-of-the-century advocates of social Darwinism and laissez-faire government in the United States. Sumner's...

See overview in Oxford Index

Sumner, William Graham

Robert C. Bannister.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology; Education; Economics. 1594 words.

Sumner, William Graham (30 October 1840–12 April 1910), economist and sociologist, was born in Paterson, New Jersey, the son of Thomas Sumner, an English artisan who emigrated from...

William Graham Sumner

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Social Sciences.

(1840 –1910)

An American sociologist who was one of the most prominent turn-of-the-century advocates of social Darwinism and laissez-faire government in the United States. Sumner's...

See overview in Oxford Index

Sumner, William Graham (1840–1910)

Edited by Craig Calhoun.

in Dictionary of the Social Sciences

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences. 206 words.

(1840–1910)

An American sociologist who was one of the most prominent turn-of-the-century advocates of social Darwinism and laissez-faire

Sumner, William Graham (1840–1910)

John Scott and Gordon Marshall.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 194 words.

(1840–1910)

An early American sociologist and noted laissez-faire Social Darwinist. Influenced by the works of Herbert Spencer

Sumner, William Graham (1840–1910)

Edited by John Scott.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2014; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 195 words.

and noted laissez-faire Social *Darwinist. Influenced by the works of Herbert Spencer, he argued that social life

Sumner, William Graham (1840–1910)

Morgen Witzel.

in The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Individual Economists. 766 words.

Sumner was born 30 October 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey, and died on 12 April 1910 in New Haven, Connecticut.

folkways

Edited by Craig Calhoun.

in Dictionary of the Social Sciences

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences. 25 words.

Introduced in Folkways (1909) by William Graham Sumner, the term refers to the body of informal traditions,

folkways

John Scott and Gordon Marshall.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 142 words.

A term associated with the work of William Graham Sumner, whose major contribution to sociology was his analysis of

out-group

John Scott and Gordon Marshall.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 40 words.

In his classic study of Folkways (1906), William Graham Sumner observed that people tend to like their own group

folkways

Edited by John Scott.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2014; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 142 words.

A term associated with the work of William Graham *Sumner, whose major contribution to sociology was his analysis

out-group

Edited by John Scott.

in A Dictionary of Sociology

January 2014; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology. 40 words.

In his classic study of Folkways (1906), William Graham *Sumner observed that people tend to like their own

Sumner, William G. (1840–1910)

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 363 words.

An Episcopal clergyman, William Graham Sumner became an apostle of the free market who, for more than thirty years, occupied

out-group

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

In his classic study of Folkways (1906), William Graham Sumner observed that people tend to like their own group (the in-group) over other competing or opposing groups (the out-group). The...

See overview in Oxford Index

Disenchanted Classical Liberalism as a Political Vision

Robert Adcock.

in Liberalism and the Emergence of American Political Science

April 2013; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics. 14440 words.

This chapter uses William Graham Sumner and A. Lawrence Lowell to elucidate disenchanted classical liberalism as a late-century liberal political vision. It first charts changes in Sumner’s...

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Introduction: Sumner's Conjecture

in Us Against Them

January 2009; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics. 1492 words.

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the role of ethnocentrism in contemporary American public opinion, and explains that although ethnocentrism is an...

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Four Theories in Search of Ethnocentrism

in Us Against Them

January 2009; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics. 10203 words.

This chapter analyzes four theories that claim to speak to ethnocentrism. These theoretical perspectives include ethnocentrism as a consequence of realistic group conflict, as an outgrowth...

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Political Science and Political Economy in the Age of Academic Reform

Robert Adcock.

in Liberalism and the Emergence of American Political Science

April 2013; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics. 14497 words.

This chapter examines the growth of universities and developments within the nascent domain of political science in the post-Civil War decades. It contrasts the ways in which Andrew D....

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