in American National Biography Online
January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology; Education; Economics. 1594 words.
Sumner, William Graham (30 October 1840–12 April 1910), economist and sociologist, was born in Paterson, New Jersey, the son of Thomas Sumner, an English artisan who emigrated from...
in The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists
January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Individual Economists. 766 words.
Sumner was born 30 October 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey, and died on 12 April 1910 in New Haven, Connecticut.
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History
January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 363 words.
An Episcopal clergyman, William Graham Sumner became an apostle of the free market who, for more than thirty years, occupied