Oxford Index Search Results

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accord

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

(Fr.; It.: accordo).

1 ‘Chord’.

2 The ‘tuning’ of an instrument. See accordatura.

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optomotor reflex

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

A reflex turning of the eyes or head in response to the horizontal movement of environmental objects. For example, when a fly (Eristalis sp.) is placed inside a cylinder painted with...

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Responses of vervet monkeys in large troops to terrestrial and aerial predator alarm calls

Nicholas Ducheminsky, S. Peter Henzi and Louise Barrett.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8801 words.

Lay Summary

Classic work on vervet monkeys demonstrated that they produce predator-specific alarm-calls that produce distinctive predator avoidance responses...

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SHADOWS ON THE WALL

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan.

in Ecological Orbits

October 2003; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4239 words.

It can be very difficult to decide between two competing theories. It is rarely a straightforward matter of appealing to evidence. Sometimes neither theory conforms perfectly with the...

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Sphecidae

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

; order Hymenoptera, suborder Apocrita)

Large family of solitary hunting wasps that are very closely related to the bees and, together with them, form the superfamily Sphecoidea....

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Requiem for Roadkill: Death, Denial, and Mourning on America’s Roads

Jane C. Desmond.

in Displaying Death and Animating Life

August 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 8619 words.

In Chapter 7, Desmond examines roadkill, or the destruction of “wild” animals by automobiles. In contrast to the practices of mourning and remembrance described in previous chapters, humans...

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The genetic integration of sexually dimorphic traits in the dioecious plant, Silene latifolia

Lynda F. Delph.

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles

July 2007; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4654 words.

This chapter investigates sexual dimorphism in the dioecious, flowering plant, Silene latifolia. Results of comparisons among populations, a half-sib breeding experiment, and artificial...

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From Genes to Ecosystems: Plant Genetics as a Link between Above- and Belowground Processes

Jennifer A. Schweitzer, Michael D. Madritch, Emmi Felker-Quinn and Joseph K. Bailey.

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

June 2012; p ublished online December 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 8975 words.

An important component of biodiversity is the genetic diversity embedded within species. Ecologists have long known that species' identity matters, as it determines the species' role in...

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Autecology

G.H. Walter.

in Ecology

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8920 words.

Ecology’s central question is the distribution and abundance of organisms. To this end, autecology quantifies the survival and reproductive consequences of the interactions of individual...

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Flower Phenology and Pollen Choice of Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Central Virginia

Mark E. Kraemer and Françoise D. Favi.

in Environmental Entomology

December 2005; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Entomology. 8157 words.

Interest in native bees as alternative pollinators of agricultural crops has greatly increased in recent years. These bees do not produce honey but are often excellent pollinators, not...

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The importance of the form of the quota curve and control of non-limiting nutrient transport in phytoplankton models

Kevin J. Flynn.

in Journal of Plankton Research

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Marine and Estuarine Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7440 words.

The description of phytoplankton growth and nutrient acquisition plays a pivotal role in affecting the performance of plankton ecosystem models. A comparison was made between the behaviour...

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Winter dominance of Ceratiumhirundinella in a southernnorth-temperate reservoir

C. Pérez-Martínez and P. Sánchez-Castillo.

in Journal of Plankton Research

February 2002; p ublished online February 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Marine and Estuarine Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4453 words.

The 1-year seasonal distribution of Ceratium hirundinella was studied in a southern Spanishreservoir. This species grew from June 1988 to April 1989 and showed the highest density in...

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DNA barcodes for species identification of euphausiids (Euphausiacea, Crustacea)

Ann Bucklin, Peter H. Wiebe, Sara B. Smolenack, Nancy J. Copley, Jason G. Beaudet, Kaitlin G. Bonner, Jaime Färber-Lorda and James J. Pierson.

in Journal of Plankton Research

June 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Marine and Estuarine Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6295 words.

Many species of euphausiids (Euphausiacea, Crustacea) are distinguished by subtle or geographically variable morphological characters, and erroneous identification of euphausiid species may...

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Assessment of the potential impact of the mysid shrimp, Neomysis mercedis, on Daphnia

Paulinus Chigbu.

in Journal of Plankton Research

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Marine and Estuarine Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6563 words.

Neomysis mercedis, an important invertebrate predator in some lakes and estuaries in North America, occurred at high densities (>2 mysids m−3) in Lake Washington in the early 1960s, a...

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Inferring long-term changes in the physical–chemical environment of the shallow, enriched Lake Nero from statistical and functional analyses of its phytoplankton

O. V. Babanazarova and O. A. Lyashenko.

in Journal of Plankton Research

September 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Marine and Estuarine Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5345 words.

The qualitative and quantitative studies of the phytoplankton, concentration of inorganic nitrogen and phosphate and chlorophyll a in the water column and its seasonal and spatial variation...

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Parasitic cowbirds may defeat host defense by causing rejecters to misimprint on cowbird eggs

Bill M. Strausberger and Stephen I. Rothstein.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8505 words.

Experiments suggest that some hosts that reject parasitic brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater) eggs develop egg recognition by imprinting on their own eggs, probably at the first nest...

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Unmasking Zorro: functional importance of the facial mask in the Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus)

Reuven Yosef, Piotr Zduniak and Piotr Tryjanowski.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2012; p ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 2868 words.

The facial mask is a prominent feature in the animal kingdom. We hypothesized that the facial mask of shrikes allows them to hunt into the sun, which accords them detection and...

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Non–nest mate discrimination and clonal colony structure in the parthenogenetic ant Cerapachys biroi

Daniel J.C. Kronauer, Kazuki Tsuji, Naomi E. Pierce and Laurent Keller.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5637 words.

Understanding the interplay between cooperation and conflict in social groups is a major goal of biology. One important factor is genetic relatedness, and animal societies are usually...

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Detection and Identification of Pathogens and Host DNA in Unfed Host-Seeking Ixodes ricinus L. (Acari: Ixodidae)

in Journal of Medical Entomology

September 2003; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology; Entomology. 5461 words.

In this study, we have developed molecular methods for the identification of reservoir hosts of sylvatic tick-borne zoonoses. The methods are based on the analysis of the blood meal remnant...

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Real-time rotation of the multispiral operculum of Phorcus lineatus (da Costa, 1778) (Gastropoda: Trochidae): evidence for a semidiurnal rhythm and its use in growth studies

Barry C. Shurlock, Duncan S. Pepper, Stephen J. Hawkins and Nova Mieszkowska.

in Journal of Molluscan Studies

May 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6348 words.

Abstract

The first real-time evidence of the rotation of the operculum of the trochid gastropod Phorcus lineatus has been obtained by marking the operculum of...

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COMPOSITION AND SPECIES RICHNESS OF MOLLUSCAN COMMUNITIES IN RELATION TO VEGETATION AND WATER CHEMISTRY IN THE WESTERN CARPATHIAN SPRING FENS: THE POOR–RICH GRADIENT

MICHAL HORSÁK and MICHAL HÁJEK.

in Journal of Molluscan Studies

November 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 0 words.

Molluscs, vegetation and water chemistry were investigated at 48 spring fens situated in the borderland between the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1997–2000. The purpose of this study was...

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