Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 45 items for:

community x Archaeology by Region x North American Archaeology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Diversity in First-millennium AD Southwestern Farming Communities

Lisa Young.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3468 words.

In the Southwest, the concept of the community has been especially useful for examining the organization of aggregated settlements. For example, archaeologists used the phrase “Chacoan...

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Monumental Landscape and Community in the Southern Lower Mississippi Valley During the Late Woodland and Mississippi Periods

Mark A. Rees.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4680 words.

Much of what is known today about ancient Native American cultures of the Lower Mississippi Valley (LMV) stems from studies of sites with earthen mounds, along with ceramic artifacts that...

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Pobladores of New Mexico

Jun Oeno Sunseri.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6258 words.

Eighteenth-century New Mexican buffer villages located on the most exposed margins of the Spanish colony were built by pluralistic communities that included people of Spanish descent,...

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The Early Agricultural Period

James M. Vint and Jonathan B. Mabry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 7031 words.

Continuing research on the Early Agricultural period has bolstered our understanding of early farming technology, community structure, and chronology. Environmental factors clearly affected...

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Eastern Pueblo Archaeology

James E. Snead.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6925 words.

The Eastern Pueblo region, home to numerous modern Indigenous communities and the archaeological remains associated with their ancestors, is one of the largest cultural areas in the...

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Oral Traditions

Chip Colwell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5810 words.

Never before have oral narratives been more important in Southwest archaeology than they are today. Spoken histories—variously known as oral traditions, oral histories, Native literature,...

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Ndee (Apache) Archaeology

John R. Welch, Sarah A. Herr and Nicholas C. Laluk.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6829 words.

Despite abundant historical interest in Apache subjugation and early reservation periods, Apache persists as a lacuna in Southwest archaeology. Vexing conceptual and practical challenges to...

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The Zuni/Cibola Region

Matthew A. Peeples, Gregson Schachner and Keith W. Kintigh.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6219 words.

The Zuni/Cibola region of eastern Arizona and western New Mexico was the setting for some of the earliest formal archaeological investigations in the U.S. Southwest. From the outset,...

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People

Ann L. W. Stodder.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5742 words.

This chapter describes the scope of bioarchaeology in the American Southwest, the strengths and limitations of the research, and challenges presented by the cultural resource management...

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Traditional Cultural Properties

T.J. Ferguson and Leigh Kuwanwisiwma.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6184 words.

Traditional cultural properties are significant because of the role they play in the retention and transmission of historically rooted beliefs, customs, and practices of a living...

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History, Memory, and Querencia

Sylvia Rodriguez.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5586 words.

Archaeologists, historians, and geographers link Hispano or vecino ethnogenesis in the late eighteenth century to the occupation of a land base, while at the heart of modern Nuevomexicano...

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Vecino Archaeology and the Politics of Play in New Mexico, USA

B. Sunday Eiselt.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5809 words.

In the discussion that follows, I explore the effects of modernity on Hispano (Vecino) children on the Ranchos de Taos Plaza in northern New Mexico (United States of America) from the late...

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Archaeology and Native Northerners

Natasha Lyons.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 9922 words.

Archaeology is undergoing a sustained shift in the North American Arctic, as factors both internal and external to the discipline work to expand and transform the structure, demographics,...

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Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditions

Bernard K. Means.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4150 words.

Fort Ancient and Monongahela Tradition villagers often placed their dwellings in circles around plazas. However, relatively few village sites from either tradition have seen broad exposure...

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The Origins and Development of Farming Villages in the Northern Great Plains

Mark D. Mitchell.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4691 words.

The emergence of villages—aggregated communities housing at least 100 people—marks a decisive transformation of the social landscape. People living in nucleated settlements structure their...

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Archaeology of the Métis

Kisha Supernant.

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Race and Ethnicity. 9435 words.

This article reviews the history of Métis archaeological research in Canada. The Métis of Canada arose as a distinct Indigenous identity in the postcontact period and provide an interesting...

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Making Mississippian at Cahokia

Susan M. Alt.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3919 words.

Understanding the Mississippian phenomenon is intimately tied to understanding Cahokia, the largest settlement at the heart of the most complex polity in ancient Native North America....

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Spirits

Scott Van Keuren and William H. Walker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Archaeology. 8918 words.

This chapter explores how the lives of ancient peoples in the Southwest were guided by their engagement with spirit worlds. From artifacts to architecture, the material record reflects...

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A Stepwise Transition to Agriculture in the American Midcontinent

George R. Milner, Jane E. Buikstra and Anna C. Novotny.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Diet

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 8777 words.

In the American midcontinent, the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural economies was long, spanning several millennia, but it took place in a stepwise fashion. Plant remains and...

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Thule Origins in the Old Bering Sea Culture

Owen Mason.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 10956 words.

The Thule culture is the most widespread Arctic whaling culture; its distribution commonly associated by researchers with climatic warming. Its origins between A.D. 900 and 1200, and...

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