Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-19 of 19 items for:

community x Archaeology by Region x Archaeology of the Near East x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Rule of the Community

Jerome o. p. Murphy-O'Connor.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 1260 words.

The abbreviated title of the Rule of the Community is 1QS; the 1Q indicates that it comes from the

The Neolithic on the Plateau

Mihriban Özbaşaran.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 11169 words.

This article compiles data on the ninth-to-sixth-millennium-BCE communities of the central Anatolian plateau, underscoring the distinctive features of each of them in chronological order...

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Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia in the Middle Bronze Age

Nicola Laneri and Mark Schwartz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 9792 words.

This article presents data on the Middle Bronze Age (MBA) of southeastern and eastern Anatolia, which were more resilient than northern Mesopotamia and never endured the collapse suffered...

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Anatolia and the Transcaucasus Themes and Variations ca. 6400–1500 B.C.E.

Antonio Sagona.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 8593 words.

This article examines Anatolian–Transcaucasian interactions spanning the Chalcolithic through the Bronze Age. The five millennia surveyed here have highlighted some broad patterns of...

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The Iron Age in Eastern Anatolia

Lori Khatchadourian.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 15970 words.

This article presents data on the Iron Age of eastern Anatolia. The roughly 900 years embraced by the Iron Age marked a period of radical political transformations shaped first and foremost...

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The Northern Levant During the Neolithic Period

Peter Akkermans.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

November 2013; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 6084 words.

This articlefocuses on the situation and major developments in northern Levant during the Neolithic Period. It examines the nature and scale of settlement in Syria and Lebanon during the...

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The Neolithic in Southeastern Anatolia

Michael Rosenberg and Aslı Erim-Özdoğan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 11870 words.

This article presents data on Neolithic sites in southeastern Anatolia, where, as elsewhere in southwestern Asia, the changes attendant on the Neolithic, while revolutionary in their...

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Clay Ideas

Ian Kuijt.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8799 words.

Beginning around 11,500 years ago, the Neolithic of the Near East encompassed some of the most profound and fundamental innovations in our species’ history. This included the establishment...

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A History of the Preclassical Archaeology of Anatolia

Roger Matthews.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; History and Theory of Archaeology. 9281 words.

This article traces the development of Anatolia's preclassical archaeology through several of its major threads, each following a chronological sequence. As with the archaeology of other...

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Introduction to the Levant During the Neolithic Period

Bill Finlayson.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

November 2013; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 5618 words.

This articledescribes the key developments in the Levant during the Neolithic Period. During this period, the people of the Levant began to live in sedentary communities and farm for the...

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The Southern Levant (Cisjordan) During the Neolithic Period

A. Nigel Goring-Morris and Anna Belfer-Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

November 2013; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 8766 words.

This articledescribes major development in the southern Levant, or Cisjordan, during the Neolithic Period. This period witnessed significant demographic growth when village communities were...

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The Southern Levant (Transjordan) During the Chalcolithic Period

Zeidan Kafafi.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

November 2013; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 5616 words.

This article describes the major developments in the southern Levant during the Chalcolithic Period from 4500 to 3500 BC. During this period, the whole of the southern Levant witnessed both...

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Synagogue Inscriptions

Steven Fine.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 3182 words.

Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew, Latin, and Middle Iranian inscriptions have been recovered from the ruins of synagogues that served Jewish communities

Aqueducts

Tsvika Tsuk and Eric S. Cohen.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 1473 words.

In antiquity, aqueducts transported spring water or running water to communities, principally to cities, but also to palaces, fortresses, monasteries,

Churches

Paul Corby Finney.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 3835 words.

The earliest Christians called their communities ekklesiai, “gatherings,” “congregations,” “assemblies.” Ecclesia was used throughout the period of Late Antiquity

Agriculture

David C. Hopkins.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 6232 words.

The broad array of activities and knowledge whereby human communities exploit plants to produce food and other crops (fibers and

Christianity

Malcolm Choat.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology. 7567 words.

This article discusses Christianity in Egypt from its origins down to the martyrdoms under Diocletian in the early fourth century. It looks at three key areas: the establishment of the...

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Latin in Egypt

T. V. Evans.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology. 5221 words.

This article discusses the function and character of Latin in Roman Egypt. Within the multilingual speech community of Roman Egypt the Latin language played a minor role. Greek was employed...

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The Jews in Roman Egypt

Andrew Harker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Race and Ethnicity. 6271 words.

This article examines the status, history, and development of the Jewish communities in Alexandria and Egypt during the Roman period, using the evidence from literary writings of Philo and...

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