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community x Archaeology by Region x Prehistoric Archaeology x clear all

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Clay Ideas

Ian Kuijt.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8799 words.

Beginning around 11,500 years ago, the Neolithic of the Near East encompassed some of the most profound and fundamental innovations in our species’ history. This included the establishment...

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Mesoamerica—Olmec Figurines

Christopher A. Pool.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Prehistoric Archaeology. 9255 words.

The study of Olmec figurines has proven contentious with respect to defining Olmec style, the relation of Olmec style to the Olmec archaeological culture of Mexico’s southern Gulf lowlands,...

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The Early Bronze Age of the Southern Caucasus

Giulio Palumbi.

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 15896 words.

The aim of this article is to highlight the social and cultural developments that took place in the Southern Caucasus during the Early Bronze Age. Between 3500 and 2500 BC ca., new pottery,...

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Southern Africa

Alex Schoeman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: African Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 9028 words.

Excavations of Southern African farming community sites have yielded two figurine types. The first comprises coarse clay figurines found in clusters in central areas in homesteads. These...

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Mesoamerica—Maya

Erin L. Sears.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8949 words.

This chapter reviews attempts to derive meaning from Late Classic Maya ceramic figurines. Early concerns with classificatory procedures have evolved beyond an often site-specific viewpoint...

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Prehistoric Figurines in Sudan

Randi Haaland and Gunnar Haaland.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: African Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8390 words.

The chapter presents a descriptive account of Neolithic site inventories containing figurines in the Sudan Nile Valley. Cattle figurines indicate that animal husbandry played an important...

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Anthropomorphic Clay Figurines of the Jomon Period of Japan

Koji Mizoguchi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Prehistoric Archaeology. 10503 words.

This chapter charts the trajectory of change of Jomon period clay anthropomorphic figurines in the Japanese archipelago. The earliest specimens embodied the perception of the body and...

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North America—Southwest

Polly Schaafsma.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8861 words.

This broad overview considers the long discontinuous and diverse history of anthropomorphic figurine production in the ancient American Southwest. While the primary focus is on the Hohokam,...

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From the Norton Culture to the Ipiutak Cult in Northwest Alaska

Owen Mason.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 11444 words.

Between A.D. 200 and 900, the Ipiutak regional system developed an intercontinental trade in obsidian and iron, associated with a shamanic crisis cult in Northwest Alaska. People gathered...

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Ancient Eskimo Cultures of Chukotka

Mikhail M. Bronshtein, Kirill A. Dneprovsky and Arkady B. Savinetsky.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 9411 words.

Remnants of one Paleoeskimo and several Neoeskimo cultural traditions have been revealed in the coastal regions of Chukotka since the mid-1940s. The Chukotka Paleoeskimo cultural tradition,...

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