Oxford Index Search Results

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community x History of Art x Art of the Middle East and North Africa x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ēdjmiadzin

Patrick Donabédian.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1478 words.

[formerly Vagharshapat.]

Armenian city 15 km west of Erevan in the Ararat plain. Zvart‘nots, a suburb of the city in the Middle Ages, lies 3 km to the south-east. Ēdjmiadzin,...

Tel Aviv

Adam A. Mazor.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Jewish Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 657 words.

[Tel Aviv-Jaffa; Tel Aviv-Yafo]

Israeli city. It was founded in 1909 on the Mediterranean coast within a suburb of Jaffa, c. 55 km north-west of Jerusalem, as the first planned...

Tur ‛Abdin

Marlia Mundell Mango.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2092 words.

[Turk. Mazi Dağ; Mt Masius, Mt Izla]

Plateau in south-eastern Turkey, in what was northern Mesopotamia, to the south and west of the Tigris River between Diyarbakır (anc....

Yemen, Republic of

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2230 words.

[Arab. Al-Jumhūriyya al-Yamaniyya; formerly Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen; Yemen) and People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen)

Independent republic in...

Palmyra

Malcolm A. R. Colledge and Pascale Linant de Bellefonds.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 4298 words.

[Arab. Tadmor]

Site of an oasis city in Syria that flourished c. 60 bcad 273, for most of this period under Roman rule (see fig.). The oasis, bounded on the west by limestone...

Alamut

Abbas Daneshvari.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 196 words.

[Alamūt]

Mountainous valley in Iran, 35 km north-east of Qazvin, and the name of one of the fortresses that defended the valley. From 1090 to 1261 it was the main headquarters...

Mecca

G. R. D. King.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Religious Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1616 words.

[Makka]

City in Saudi Arabia and the holiest city in Islam. Only Muslims may enter it. Located in a mountain valley at the foot of the Hijaz Highlands, Mecca has a well,...

Akhvlediani, Yelena

Sergey Kuznetsov.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 330 words.

(b Telavi, April 18, 1898; d Tbilisi, Dec 28, 1975).

Georgian painter. From 1922 she studied at the Tiflis (now Tbilisi) Academy of Arts, where her talent was noted by the...

Gailhoustet, Renée

Walter Smith.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 287 words.

(b Oran, Algeria, Sept 15, 1929).

French architect and teacher. She moved to France in 1947 and after study at the Sorbonne and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, she opened her...

Algeria, Democratic and Popular Republic of

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Art (Sub-Saharan); Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2508 words.

[Arab. Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Jazā‛iriyyah al-Dimuqrāṭiyyah al-Sha‛biyya; Al-Jazā’ir]

Country in North Africa with its capital at Algiers.

Algeria is the second largest...

Rice, David Storm

Eva Baer.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Art; Islamic Art; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 370 words.

[Reich, Sigismund (Susya)]

(b Schönbrunn, March 28, 1913; d London, April 19, 1962).

British art historian of Austrian birth. In 1923 he emigrated with his parents to...

Medina

G. R. D. King.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Religious Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1370 words.

[al-Madīna; al-Madīnat al-Munawwara (Arab.: ‘The radiant city’)]

City in Saudi Arabia and the second holiest city in Islam. It lies on the eastern edge of the Hijaz Mountains,...

Sarfati, Alain

Isabelle Gournay.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 249 words.

(b Menknès, Morocco, March 23, 1937).

French architect. He studied architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and was involved in the review Architecture, Mouvement,...

Morocco, Kingdom of

S. J. Vernoit and Jonathan M. Bloom.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Art (Sub-Saharan); Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2661 words.

[Arab. Al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya]

Country in North Africa with its capital at Rabat. Morocco has an area c. 458,700 sq. km with coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea to the...

Krakauer, Leopold

Aba Elhanani.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Graphic Design and Typography; Architecture; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 352 words.

(b Vienna, Sept 23, 1890; d Jerusalem, 1954).

Israeli architect and graphic artist of Austrian birth. He graduated from the Technische Hochschule and Akademie der Bildenden...

Nestorianism

Sarah Morgan.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa; East Asian Art. 745 words.

Doctrinal position on the nature of Jesus Christ followed by the Nestorian or Assyrian Church, more properly known as the Ancient Church of the East. The name is derived from Nestorius (c.null...

Safdie, Moshe

Uriel M. Adiv.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 792 words.

(b Haifa, Palestine [now Israel], July 14, 1938).

Canadian–Israeli architect. When he was 15 his family moved to Canada where he later studied at McGill University school of...

Tevet, Nahum

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage; Sculpture and Carving; Contemporary Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa; 20th-Century Art. 281 words.

Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in the Messilot Kibbutz.

Sculptor of assemblages.

Nahum Tevet lives and works in Tel Aviv. Since 1971 his...

Thevestis

W. Eugene Kleinbauer.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Greek and Roman Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 713 words.

[now Tebessa]

Algerian town at the foot of the Tebessa mountains. It was probably the site of a pre-Roman settlement that became the residence of a Roman imperial legate and...

Idrisid

Marianne Barrucand.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Religious Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 581 words.

[Arab. Idrīsī]

Islamic dynasty that ruled in Morocco between ad 789 and 985. It was the first Islamic dynasty to establish an independent state in Morocco and played an important...